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technological progress, with emphasis on materiality of this progress


the cultural values that underlay this technological and economic advance; science, positivism, free enterprise, progress, humanism, individualism


new cultural dominant to emerge in the wake of WWII; a product of late capitalism, consumer economy, and the rise of information technology


cultural movement existing in a reinforcing/antagonist relationship with the base of modernization and the values of modernity

Western modernism

broad cultural revolution (1890-1930), radical questioning of the past, its cultural values and assumptions

Western modernism included sub-movement such as ...

symbolism, Dadaism, futurism, imagism, cubism, impressionism, expressionism, etc. (which apply to particular arts or sometimes across the arts)

Intellectual progenitors from Western modernism included ...

Marx, Darwin, Freud and Nietzsche

social-historical factors that contributed to Western modernism were ...

WWI and the breakdown of shared community, human progress, "civilization," capitalism and industrial acceleration

technological factors that contributed to Western modernism

trains, telegraph-telephone, photography-cinema, etc.

characteristics of modernism

aesthetic self-consciousness; non-representational, nonconventional; bleakness, darkness, anxiety, alienation; the breakdown of humanist bourgeois view of the subject; primitivism

reception of modernism in China

avant-garde or modernist forms did not capture their imagination in the way that realism and romanticism did

two groups of writers during modernism

1. Xindai group, or the New Sensationalist of New-Perceptionist
2. symbolist poetry movement

Was Shanghai a place that embraced or rejected modernism?

embraced; considered an urban space for Chinese modernism

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