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The process of populations moving from rural areas to the cities


The necessary elements of a system (ex. transportation system and roads)


Private voluntary charity organizations, independent from government control, and not trying to challenge government


Increase in prices because a nation's currency is declining in value

Nuclear Family

Wife, husband, and children

Extended Family

Several generations living in one household

Social Class

Rank people in order of society - money, occupation, education, ancestry etc.

Traditional Economy

People produce most of what they need to survive - hunting and gathering, farming, herding

Market Economy

Buying and selling goods and services for money/profit

Command Economy

Government controls what goods are produced, how they are produced -individuals have little economic power

Mixed Economy

Individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes others

Cultural Diffusion

Movement of customs or ideas from one place to another


Belief that one racial group is superior to another


When individuals judge other cultures by the standards of their own culture

Developed Nation "First World"

Industrialized, strong correlation to democracy, high standard of living


low standard of living, includes a lot of nations in Africa and Asia

Lesser Developed "Third World"

Poor and underdeveloped, Present internal conflicts, ethnic clashes, debt

Least Developed "Fourth World"

Poorest of the poor because of colonization, internal conflicts, lack of resources, not likely to develop or industrialize


The way society is organized


How people communicate with one another and work together


The movement of people from one place to another


A ruling system that looks after the people through rules and laws

Economic Systems

The way money, industry, and trade is controlled in a country or region.


A way of life


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