How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

25 terms

Chapter One - Geography and Culture

STUDY
PLAY
Urbanization
The process of populations moving from rural areas to the cities
Infrastructure
The necessary elements of a system (ex. transportation system and roads)
NGO's
Private voluntary charity organizations, independent from government control, and not trying to challenge government
Inflation
Increase in prices because a nation's currency is declining in value
Nuclear Family
Wife, husband, and children
Extended Family
Several generations living in one household
Social Class
Rank people in order of society - money, occupation, education, ancestry etc.
Traditional Economy
People produce most of what they need to survive - hunting and gathering, farming, herding
Market Economy
Buying and selling goods and services for money/profit
Command Economy
Government controls what goods are produced, how they are produced -individuals have little economic power
Mixed Economy
Individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes others
Cultural Diffusion
Movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
Racism
Belief that one racial group is superior to another
Ethnocentrism
When individuals judge other cultures by the standards of their own culture
Developed Nation "First World"
Industrialized, strong correlation to democracy, high standard of living
Developing/Underdeveloped
low standard of living, includes a lot of nations in Africa and Asia
Lesser Developed "Third World"
Poor and underdeveloped, Present internal conflicts, ethnic clashes, debt
Least Developed "Fourth World"
Poorest of the poor because of colonization, internal conflicts, lack of resources, not likely to develop or industrialize
Social
The way society is organized
Interaction
How people communicate with one another and work together
Migration
The movement of people from one place to another
Government
A ruling system that looks after the people through rules and laws
Economic Systems
The way money, industry, and trade is controlled in a country or region.
Culture
A way of life
-ion
To react to something