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The African region surrounded by the Sahara, the Gulf of Guinea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the mountains of Ethiopia
A muslim port city founded between the eighth and tenth centuries; today it is the capital of Somalia
African societies bound together by ethnic or blood ties rather than being political states
The first black African society that can be studied from written records; it was the site of the kingdom of Aksum
A kingdom in northwestern Ethiopia that was a sizable trading state and the center of Christian culture
The East African coastal culture, named after a Bantu language whose vocabulary and poetic forms exhibit strong Arabic influences
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