ch.12 the americas:pre-columbian empires to colonies
a family of American Indian languages spoken by Mayan peoples
a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
vasco de gama
A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and large pink to orange flowers
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory
Name of French colony in Canada
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
atlantic slave trade
Lasted from 16th century until the 19th century. Trade of African peoples from Western Africa to the Americas. One part of a three-part economical system known as the MIddle Passage of the Triangular Trade.
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade