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AP English III Exam Review
Terms in this set (25)
In composition, spatial order is a method of organization in which details are presented as they are (or were) located in space--such as, from left to right or from top to bottom.
writing that tells a story by recounting events.
takes a person or object and then describes that person or thing in great illustrative detail
analyze, examine and interpret such things as an event, book, poem, play or other work of art; relies, often, on making inferences
explaining ideas step-by-step
stating a claim and developing the position with reasons and evidence
statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth - example: Wise fool
a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics.
Example: "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players." -William Shakespeare
arranged in the order it happened
two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect. Example - Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice.
short and interesting story or an amusing event often proposed to support or demonstrate some point and make readers and listeners laugh.
components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter
meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly. Words carry cultural and emotional associations or meanings in addition to their literal meanings or denotations.
literal or dictionary meanings of a word
a literary technique in which the normal order of words is reversed in order to achieve a particular effect of emphasis Example - What a beautiful picture it is!
a sentence that, by leaving the completion of its main clause to the end, produces an effect of suspense.
Example - Unable to join the others at the dance because of my sprained ankle, I went to a movie.
a phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, which is usually a noun or a pronoun, and any modifiers of the object - Example - in the gray desk
a sentence having two or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Example - The lightning flashed (independent clause) and the rain fell (independent clause) as he entered the house (dependent clause).
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally. Example - "to wait an eternity.".
An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to a place, person, or something that happened. This can be real or imaginary and may refer to anything, including paintings, opera, folk lore, mythical figures, or religious manuscripts. The reference can be direct or may be inferred, and can broaden the reader's understanding.
the act or an instance of understating, or representing in a weak or restrained way that is not borne out by the facts. Example - The journalist wrote that the earthquake had caused some damage. This turned out to be a massive understatement of the devastation.
writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or to explain
concerned or dealing with a specific subject, purpose, or end. Example - The ad hoc committee disbanded after making its final report.
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based. Example - the analogy between the heart and a pump.
The kind of sentence that asks a question and uses a question mark
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