How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

34 terms

unification of italy germany

Mrs Martin April 15
STUDY
PLAY
bismarck
Iron chancelor of Germany
kulturkampf
Bismarck's "battle for civilization," in which his goal was to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above their allegiance to the Church
cavour
prime minister of Sardinia
Crimean War
Cavour gained no land, Joined Britain and France againstt Russia Sardinia gained French respect
Goals of Cavour
end Austria power in Italy; Annex Lombardy and Venetia
Mazzini
Giuseppe Mazzini was the first person that tried to unify all of Italy. created Young Italy
Risorgimente
reawakening of Italian unification
victor emanuel
1849-1878; became king of all of Italy in 1861 with help from Cavour & Garibaldi; nationalism
plombiere
secret agreement between France and Sardinia where France would help Sarinia if Austria attacked them. Sardinia would get Lombardy as pay
Hapsburgs
longest ruling dynasty
zemstovs
elected assemblies, and created by alexander II
reforms of Czar Alexander
jurry trials erased censorship, reduced military service, and encouraged industry
marxists
formed the german social deomcratic party
began social reforms
old age pensions, health insurance, accident insurence and good public schools
cavours goals
to end Austrian power in Italy, to annex Lombardy and Venetia
Cavour reforms Sardinia's economy by
improved argiculture, built railroads, supported free trade and ended local tariffs
Francis joseph
was 18 when he assumed the throne, and gave them constitution
Ottoman Empire
sick man of Europe
Serbs
Wanted Bosnia and Herzgevonia
the balkans
the powder keg of Europe
Alexander II
was assinated by terrorists
pogroms
violent mob attacks, persecuted the Jews
Liberals
Inspired by the enlightenment of the French revolution, believed in natural rights
reistag-
lower house appointed by rulers of German
bundesrat
upper house appointed by rulers of German states
william 1
kaiser of Germany
Germany
industrial giant of Europe, second to Britain
Napoleon Bonaparte
dissolved the holy roman empire and created the confederation on the Rhine
congress of Vienna
created German confederation weakened
zollerein
economic policy of Germany
Krupp Works
steel and weapons
August Thyssen
Steel
/carl /zeiss
optical equipment
Bloody Sunday
Nicholas II leaves palace; troops fired on crowd