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Bismarck's "battle for civilization," in which his goal was to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above their allegiance to the Church
Cavour gained no land, Joined Britain and France againstt Russia Sardinia gained French respect
1849-1878; became king of all of Italy in 1861 with help from Cavour & Garibaldi; nationalism
secret agreement between France and Sardinia where France would help Sarinia if Austria attacked them. Sardinia would get Lombardy as pay
reforms of Czar Alexander
jurry trials erased censorship, reduced military service, and encouraged industry
Cavour reforms Sardinia's economy by
improved argiculture, built railroads, supported free trade and ended local tariffs
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