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Food Security

Having a supply of nutritionally safe food, which has continued stability as a food source throughout the year and reasonable access to foods with good nutritional needs. Key words are Supply, Stability, Access


A consequence of food insecurity that, because of prolonged involuntary lack of food, results in discomfort, illness, weakness, or pain beyond a mild uneasy sensation.

Food Crisis

A steep decline in food availability with a proportional rise in hunger and malnutrition at the local, national, or global level.

Food Poverty

Hunger occurring when enough food exists in an area but some of the people cannot obtain it because they lack money, are being deprived for political reasons, live in a country at war, or suffer from other problems such as lack of transportation.

Food Deserts

A term used to describe urban and rural low-income neighborhoods and communities that have limited access to affordable and nutritious foods

Food Recovery

Collecting wholesome surplus food for distribution to low-income people who are hungry

Food Banks

Facilities that collect and distribute food donations to authorized organizations feeding the hungry.

Food Pantries

Community food collection programs that provide groceries to be prepared and eaten at home.

Emergency Kitchens

Programs that provide prepared meals to be eaten on-site; often called soup kitchens.


Nontraditional money sources typically involving small loans to disadvantaged people for business development

Refeeding Syndrome

A serious condition of electrolyte and other imbalances that can occur when a severely malnourished person is fed too aggressively; it can lead to heart or respiratory failure and death.

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