The Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments
Contains five basic freedoms essential to the American way of life. Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
The right to bear arms
Written because colonist were forced to house British soldiers in their homes. In other words, No forced quartering of troops during peace time.
No unreasonable searches or seizures.
Requires indictment, a grand jury; and due process of law for an accused person; protects from self incrimination and double jeopardy; guarantees the right to own property.
An accused person has a right to a prompt, public trial, to be informed of charges, and to have a lawyer.
The right to a jury trial for a case concerning a defective product is guaranteed.
Requires reasonable bail and forbids "cruel and unusual" punishments.
The people have many other rights not listed in the Constitution.
Any powers not given to the national govenment by the constitution are reserved for the states or for the people.