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tax, borrow money, spend money for their people, establish courts, enforce law
List the 5 concurrent powers
the power to conduct elections, regulate education, make marriage and divorce laws
What powers do the states have?
article __ -the Constitution declares that laws made by Congress are Supreme, and this means that if a state law conflicts with a federal law, the federal law takes precedence
state legislature, voters of the state
In state Constitutions amendments are usually proposed by the ____ and they are ratified by ____
__ are usually proposed by the state legislature and they are ratified by voters of the state
What is the only state that does not propose amendments by a state legislature and ratify by voters of the state?
Which article encourages the states to cooperate with each other through what is called full faith and credit
that all states must honor the laws and court decisions of other states
What does full faith and credit mean?
New Hampshire, 400
Of all the states ____ has the largest state legislature (they have ___ people in their state legislature)
144 (105 in the house of reps, 39 in the senate)
How many members serve on Louisiana's state legislature?
make treaties, produce coin money, tax imports, during peacetime, declare war
What can the states not do?
the power to conduct elections, regulate elections, make marriage and divorce laws
List the three reserved powers that are just for the states
If conflicts arise between states and the federal government then the __ decides the case
The US Constitution DOES/ DOES NOT say anything about how a state should set up its government
Since in the __ state governments and the federal governments have increasing cooperated to help Americans (the Great Depression)
state and federal governments
Since in the 1930's__ and the _ have increasing cooperated to help Americans (the Great Depression)
The federal government provides "award money" to states through what is called __
__ of the constitution says that the federal government will protect each state against invasion and domestic violence
invasion and domestic violence
Article 4 of the constitution says that the federal government will protect each state against __
1. must be a US citizen 2. must be at least 18 3. Has to be a resident of the state 2 years preceding the election 4. Has to be a resident of the district 1 year before the election
4 Qualifications for Louisiana state representatives
Louisiana is the only one of 5 states who does it like this; in most states there senates serve _ year terms and reps serve _ year terms
divide their state into districts
after the census is taken every 10 years, all state legislatures __
land areas, population
throughout our nations history, legislative districts were based on __ not __
in the year __ the Supreme court case of Reynolds v Sims ruled that all election districts must be equal in __ (Alabama)
Reynolds v Sims
in the year 964 the Supreme court case of ___ ruled that all election districts must be equal in population(Alabama)
the services they provide to their people
Short answer: In recent years most states have found it difficult to pay for ___
it would decrease their political popularity and they would not get reelected
Why won't most state legislators raise taxes?
1. borrow money (hurts the economy) 2. they have to cut essential services (hurts the people)
since most states legislators are not bold enough to raise taxes, they do one of two things:
1. US citizenship 2. must be at least 25 (in most states 30) 3. they must be a resident of the state for 5 years
What three things qualifies Louisiana governors?
pardons and reprieves
like the president, governors have the power to give __ and __ to convicted criminals
1. lt. governor is nect in line for succession 2. he presides over the states senate
in which two ways are the roles of the lt governor and the vice president similar?
state level (not at the federal level)
In the American legal system, most of the court cases are tried at the ___
traffic courts, juvenile courts, and small claims courts
Municipal courts are divided into specialized areas such as:
district courts, county courts, circuit courts, superior courts
general trial courts have several different names:
except for cases that involve federal cases or the constitition the decision of the __ are final
shortage of funds, too few judges, not enough jail space, not enough space for cases to be heard
what are the four problems that state courts face?
o Powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
o Police courts generally located in larger towns, many handle traffic violations, civil cases involving small amounts of money
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