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119 terms

Civics Ch.12

STUDY
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what states cannot do
What does article 1 of the Constitution state?
tax, borrow money, spend money for their people, establish courts, enforce law
List the 5 concurrent powers
the 10th amendment
Which amendment gives states reserved powers?
the power to conduct elections, regulate education, make marriage and divorce laws
What powers do the states have?
reserved
__ powers are just for the states
6
article __ -the Constitution declares that laws made by Congress are Supreme, and this means that if a state law conflicts with a federal law, the federal law takes precedence
federal
if a state law conflicts with a federal law, the _____ law takes precedence
4
Article __ of the Constitution requires each state to have a representative democracy
state legislature, voters of the state
In state Constitutions amendments are usually proposed by the ____ and they are ratified by ____
amendments
__ are usually proposed by the state legislature and they are ratified by voters of the state
Delaware
What is the only state that does not propose amendments by a state legislature and ratify by voters of the state?
a representative democracy
What does article 4 of the Constitution require each state to have?
voters
In Delaware the state legislature ratifies instead of __
Louisiana's
_____ Constitution has been changed more times than any other state
11
How many times has the LA Constitution been changed?
1974, Edwin Edwards
Our current Louisiana Constitution was made in ___when ________ was governor
article 4
Which article encourages the states to cooperate with each other through what is called full faith and credit
that all states must honor the laws and court decisions of other states
What does full faith and credit mean?
New Hampshire, 400
Of all the states ____ has the largest state legislature (they have ___ people in their state legislature)
Nebraska, 49
____ has the smallest state legislature (__ people in their state legislature)
Nebraska
Which state is one of five that has a one house (unicameral) legislature?
105, 42,500
Louisiana has ___members as part of the house of reps, each rep represents ___ people.
144 (105 in the house of reps, 39 in the senate)
How many members serve on Louisiana's state legislature?
make treaties, produce coin money, tax imports, during peacetime, declare war
What can the states not do?
state governments
__ has the most impact on our dailey lives
articles of confederation
Under __ the national government was weak and ineffective
independence
When the states came together under the US Constitution, they lost some of their __
federal system
in which power is shared between the states and the national government
federal
our country is governed by a __ system
the power to conduct elections, regulate elections, make marriage and divorce laws
List the three reserved powers that are just for the states
Supreme Court
If conflicts arise between states and the federal government then the __ decides the case
constitution
each state has there own __, which is based off one common idea
constitution
plan of government
does not
The US Constitution DOES/ DOES NOT say anything about how a state should set up its government
.
All state constitutions are structured like the US constitution
preamble, articles, amendments
what are the three parts to the constitution?
1974, Constitutions
The Constitution of _ is the longest and most detailed of all state __
1930's
Since in the __ state governments and the federal governments have increasing cooperated to help Americans (the Great Depression)
state and federal governments
Since in the 1930's__ and the _ have increasing cooperated to help Americans (the Great Depression)
"grant-in-aid" programs
The federal government provides "award money" to states through what is called __
"award money"
the fed gov provides _ to state through grant in aid programs
cities and counties
who does the fed gov directly give award money to?
Article 4
__ of the constitution says that the federal government will protect each state against invasion and domestic violence
invasion and domestic violence
Article 4 of the constitution says that the federal government will protect each state against __
1. must be a US citizen 2. must be at least 18 3. Has to be a resident of the state 2 years preceding the election 4. Has to be a resident of the district 1 year before the election
4 Qualifications for Louisiana state representatives
4
In both houses in Louisiana state legislatures serve__ year terms
4,2
Louisiana is the only one of 5 states who does it like this; in most states there senates serve _ year terms and reps serve _ year terms
part
originally being a state legislator was PART/FULL time job
congress
State legislatures operate like __ when making laws
4,3
After a bill is sent to the governor he can do __ things with it, the president can only do __
1. sign it 2. veto it 3. pocket veto
What are the 3 things that the president can do with a bill?
line--item veto
Which of the four things that governors can do with a bill can't the president do?
line-item veto
means the governor can approve certain parts of a bill and veto other parts
line-item veto
what can governors do that presidents cannot?
overwrite a veto
states have the ability to __, however it will rarely done
divide their state into districts
after the census is taken every 10 years, all state legislatures __
land areas, population
throughout our nations history, legislative districts were based on __ not __
1964, population
in the year __ the Supreme court case of Reynolds v Sims ruled that all election districts must be equal in __ (Alabama)
Reynolds v Sims
in the year 964 the Supreme court case of ___ ruled that all election districts must be equal in population(Alabama)
Reynolds v Sims
which case was based on the principle of "one man one vote"?
more power was given to urban areas
what was the outcome of the principle "one man one vote"
the services they provide to their people
Short answer: In recent years most states have found it difficult to pay for ___
it would decrease their political popularity and they would not get reelected
Why won't most state legislators raise taxes?
1. borrow money (hurts the economy) 2. they have to cut essential services (hurts the people)
since most states legislators are not bold enough to raise taxes, they do one of two things:
true
T/F: Each state constitution sets its qualifications for its governor
1. US citizenship 2. must be at least 25 (in most states 30) 3. they must be a resident of the state for 5 years
What three things qualifies Louisiana governors?
false (directly)
T/F: The voters of each state elect their government indirectly
False (there isn't)
T/F: There is an electoral college system for governors
chief executive
What is a governors most important role?
chief executive
__ has to carry out the laws that the state legislature passes
commander in chief
governors also act as ___ by being in charge of their national guard
pardons and reprieves
like the president, governors have the power to give __ and __ to convicted criminals
reduce
governors have the power to commute a prisoners sentence. Commute means __
reprieve
_-to delay
false
T/F: presidents have the power to commute
true
T/F: Not every governor has a cabinet like the president, only some do
lt. governors
all governers have advisors called __ to help them
1. lt. governor is nect in line for succession 2. he presides over the states senate
in which two ways are the roles of the lt governor and the vice president similar?
Jay Dardenne
Who is Louisiana's current lt. governor?
state level (not at the federal level)
In the American legal system, most of the court cases are tried at the ___
misdemeanors
small local courts handle crimes known as __
justice courts, magistrate courts, municipal courts
List the three types of small local courts
justice courts
these courts are found in country areas and small towns
justice courts
their judges are called justices of the peace in the __ court
true
T/F: In Magistrate courts they are found in larger towns and small cities
flase
T/F: magistrate courts are found in county's and small towns
magistrate courts
__ are sometimes called police courts
municipal courts
these courts are for areas with large citites
municipal court
What kind of court does Lafayette have?
traffic courts, juvenile courts, and small claims courts
Municipal courts are divided into specialized areas such as:
felonys
The second level of the state courts deals with __
general trial
felonys are tried in __ courts
district courts, county courts, circuit courts, superior courts
general trial courts have several different names:
parish courts
What does Louisiana call their courts?
judge and jury
general trial courts use a _ and _ to decide a case
general trial courts
__ courts use a judge and jury to decide a case
true
T/F: an appeals court has no jury
a panel of judges that decide a case by majority vote
instead of a jury appeals courts have __
the defendant's rights were violated
what is usually the basis of an appeal?
state court
The state supreme court is the highest _
elected
In LA state supreme court justices are _
supreme court
except for cases that involve federal cases or the constitition the decision of the __ are final
shortage of funds, too few judges, not enough jail space, not enough space for cases to be heard
what are the four problems that state courts face?
federal system
o The sharing of power between the central and the state governments
reserved powers
o Powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
concurrent powers
o Powers shared by the state and federal government
grants-in-aid
o Money awarded to the states by the federal government
unicameral
o One-house legislature
apportion
o Divide among districts
line-item veto
o To veto only a specific part of a bill
parole
o To grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
justice of the peace
o The Judge of a small local court
misdemeanor
o A relatively minor offense such as vandalism or stealing inexpensive items
magistrate court
o Police courts generally located in larger towns, many handle traffic violations, civil cases involving small amounts of money
plaintiff
o A person or party filing a lawsuit
defendant
o An individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
felony
o A serious crime such as murder, rape, kidnapping, or robbery
plea bargain
negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge
extradition
to give up (an alleged fugitive or criminal) to another state or nation at its request.