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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Isonizaid
  2. tetracycline
  3. Thayer Martin VCN medium
  4. cholestyramine
  5. reye syndrome
  1. a Selective media for N. gonorrhea
    PMN: Always the rich people who have the STDs
  2. b Sudden onset of mental status changes, emesis, and liver dysfunction after taking aspirin.
  3. c Treats: TB
    MOA: inhibits enzyme synthesis for mycolic building blocks.
    SD: nausea, peripheral neuropathy, hepatotoxicity, liver dsfxn, seizures, fever, anorexia, nausea
    Antidote: Pyridoxine
  4. d Tetracycline (Bacteriostatic). Inhibit protein synthesis by preventing attachment of aminoacyl-tRNA (30S).
    Use: mycoplasma, chlamydia, rickettsia, borrelia, chronic bronchitis, acne, cholera, syphilis, H. pylori
    Tox: GI upset and superinfections, Fanconi's syndrome, photosensitivity, dental enamel dysplasia. Do not take with milk, antacids or iron
  5. e bile acid sequestrant
    - Can ↓ pt's LDL, by ↑ cholesterol excretion in liver, but have disadvantages as can form gall stones

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. very high fever (105.8); can lead to permanent brain damage
  2. contains crystal violet which inhibits the growth of Gram + bacteria and bile salt-tolerant; only bacteria that will grow are Gram - and bile salt-tolerant ex. will grow Ecoli
  3. Coronaviruses - common cold and SARS
  4. BCG vaccine
  5. -Propensity to cause disease in smokers consisting of very high fever, diarrhea, headache and confusion
    G-ve rod
    Tx: erythromycin
    Legionnaire's disease

5 True/False questions

  1. Diptheriatumbling motility, facultative IC, unpasteurized milk/cheese; deli meats; vaginal transmission

          

  2. K1 capsuleAffinity for ketones and high blood glucose because of its enzyme, ketone reductase; These fungi proliferate in blood vessel walls, causing necrosis of the downstream tissue.
    -Broad nonseptate hyphae with right angle branching

          

  3. Most common causes of osteomyelitis in childrenAdeno, Rhino, coronaviruses

          

  4. S saprophyticusDISEASE: Infection: Impetigo, Cellulitis, Abscesses, Wound infections, (vomiting, no fever). Septic arthritis, osteomyelitis. Pneumonia (hosp). Bacteremia & endocarditis. Toxins: Scalded-Skin syndrome, Gastroenteritis, Toxic Shock Syndrome. TREATMENT: many are β-lactam resistant (ΔPBP) --> MRSA; TREAT: with TMP-SMX(sulfonamide) for skin. For serious, treat with Vancomycin & PRP

          

  5. Clindamycin-Lincosamide
    Treats: G+ve rods, anaerobes
    MOA: Inihibits 50S
    MOResistance: Methylation binding site on 50S
    Tox: GI irritation, skin rash, C. difficile superinfection