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42 terms

OTA

STUDY
PLAY
beneficence
Ot staff will in all aspectsof their work have the client's well being as the primary goal.
nonmaleficence
Ot practiconer will do no harm
autonomy.privacy,confidentiality
OT staff will protect the privacy of the clients, and allow clients choices among services where such exsist.
duties
Ot providers will keep up to date on training and credentialing,and maintain ongoing awareness of developments in the field.
justice
Ot providers must operate within the bounds of the law, in accordance with this code of ethics, and in compliance with rules and regulations of facilities in which they practice.
veracity
OTs have to mpresent themselves, their credentials, and the service they can provide truthfully.
fidelity
relationships between OT staff and other colleagues, calling for them to treat other professionals with whom they work fairly and professionally.
jean ayres
sensory integration, the process of recieving and respondingto sensory stimuli, and is a neurobiological model.
allens cognitive levels
for assessing cognitive status and progress of client. This system comprises of six levels of cognitive ability or impairment, where the higher number denotes a higher level offunctional ability.
epidermis
outer layer of the skin
dermis
the layer below the epidermis
adhd attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
a child exhibits several symptoms of inattention and several of hyperactivity, and hyperactivity symptoms need to have been present before age 7. disruptive disorder
reflex sympathetic dystrophy RSD or complex regional pain syndrome CRPS
chronic pain condition that usually follows a nerve or other tissue injury, and typically affects one of the limbs oe extremities
dyslexia
learning disability in which people have difficulty with written language reading and spelling
left sided stroke
difficulty with speech and language, memory deficits, and physical problems on the right side of the body.
right sided stroke
problems with learning or with impulse control. also can cause partial blindness in which have the visual field is lost in both eyes and causes paraylsis or muscle tone problems on the left side of the body.
pervasive developmental delay
when there is no specific syndrome identifiedto account for deley in child's development in several relevant areas. causing academic problems and other learning deficits
autism
may have many of the same symptoms of pervasive developmental delay, but children with autism generally manifest considerable sensory dysfunction as well.
aspergers syndrome
similar to autism, but is often charecterized by the ability in some areas, accompined by deficits in others.
retinopathy of prematurity
ocular disorder in premature infants, can range from near-sidedness to blindness.
oppositional defiant disorder
psychiatric diagnosis of children that is charecterized by negetive, hostile, and disobedient behavior towards authority figures. disruptive disorder. anger easily, do not do well socially, poor frustration tolerance. often progresses to conduct disorder and later anti-social personality.
dysthmic disorder
chronic low-grade depression
anotomic aphasia
inability to understand nouns, or use them in ones own speech
auditory aphasia
inability or loss of ability to comprehend speech
aphasia
inability to understand words
apraxia
inability to perforn coordinated movements
hemianopsia/hemianopia
loss of half the visual field, mat occur in one or both eyes
motor aphasia/ broca's aphasia
impaired ability to perform the physical motions necessary for speech
prosopagnosia
visual agnosia specific to the recognition of familiar faces
sensory aphasia/ wernicke's
can speak fluently but cannot attach meaning to the words
visual agnosia
in the absence of visual impairment, an inability to identify objects by sight
neurodevelopmental approach
approach of looking at the whole individual, not the separate pieces. sensory stimulation and restoration of good body posture are used to increase or decrease muscle tone as needed.
client-centered approach
client should be the one that determines goals and meaningful ocupations in his/her life
moho - kielhofner/reilly
developed by a combination of psychological and psychosocial therories. is a holistic approach seeing the physical and emotional aspects of the person as one system.
occupational adaption
prompts the individual to adapt and adaption in turn promotes occupational accomplishment
task oriented groups
any activity that provides a service or result in an end product
directive group model
dedsigned for low functioning clients in inpatient settings
parallel process group
work on their own individual tasks withoit interacting with each other
project group
members engage in short-term interactions and display some sort of cooperation
egocentric-cooperative group
members work together on a shared task that is for an external purpose, rather than to meet personal needs of group members
cooperative groups
members are working together to satisfy emotional or other personal needs of all the group members, as in a support group
mature group
there is equality among participants and they each contribute to facilitating group goals