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50 terms

Geography unite 1 test

STUDY
PLAY
3 categories of geography
-Physical Geography
-Human Geography
-Geographic techniqoics
How many oceans
5-because of southern ocean
-indian oceaan
-atlantic ocean
-souther ocean
-pasfic ocean
-artic ocean
Largest ocean
The Pacific Ocean
Smallest ocean
The Arctic Ocean
Geography
The study of the earth and the people and places within it
Largest country (land)
Russia
Largest State
alaska
Most populated country
China
Most populated state
california
Number of people on earth
7billizion
Number of people in USA
312 million
4 geographic points of a map
-Prime meridian
-Tropic of cancer
-Tropic of paporcorn
-Equator
Tropic of cancer
a line of latitude about 23.5 degrees North of the equator Defines the tropical zones
tropic of capricorn
a line of latitude about 23.5 degrees South of the equator
another name for lines of Longitude
meridian
Define culture
the way of life of given people at a given time
5 themes of geography
-What is the location of a place?(where)
-What is the character of a place? (Culture)
-How do people interact with the natural environment? (climate)
-How do people, goods, and ideas move between places (communication)?
- How is one place similar to and different from other places?
Kalahari Bushmen
The indigenous people of southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Botswana,
Nacerima
-americans, lives in north american
Horace Miner
anthropologist who examined the Nacirema culture (American culture author in the 1950's of the passage on the "daily mouth ritual"
Anthropology
the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
Cultural Sensitivity
learning about other cultures and being respectful of their customs, rites, and beliefs (NOT JUDGING POEPLE)
Difference between weather and climate
Weather is what you get day to day Climate is what you suspect(measure of a long period of time)
Climate of north america
Temperate, not tropical
3 climate zones
1. Polar Zones- cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low angle.
2. Temperate Zones- between the polar zones and the trophics
3. Trophic Zone- near the equator
Global coordinates of portsmouth, nh
43 N 71 W
Sub. Cat. for Physical Geography
Geoglogy-study of rocks
Meteorology- The study of weather
Biology- The study of life
Pedology- The study of distance
Sub, Cat. for Human Geography
History- study of the past
Politics- Study of gov't and leaders
Economics- Study of Money
Sociology- study of society
Demography-Study of large groups
Sub. Cat. for Geographic Techniques
Cartography- map marker
Engineering
Computer Science, gps
GPS
global positioning system
Strait
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
Plain
a large area of flat or gently rolling land
Valley
a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
Canyon
deep and narrow valley with steep walls and usaly has a river
Peninsula
land surrounded by water on three sides
Delta
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Isthmus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
Lake
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
Archipelago
a group of many islands in a large body of water
longest River
The Nile
Largest desert
Sahara desert
China population
1.3 billion
Portsmouth natural vegetation
Mixed forest
Portsmouth climate region
Humid Subtropical
Similarities between us and the Kalahari Bush man
- live togeather
-family
-like to have fun
Diffusion (matching
the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
Acculturation (matching
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
Culture hearth (matching)
A place in which important ideas begin and there after spread to surrounding caulturs
Immigrants
people who come to a new country to live
Emigrants
people who leave a country to live somewhere else