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Terms in this set (30)
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
The study of the physical form and structure of urban places.
Urban Hearth Area
A region in which the world's first cities evolved
Borchert's Model Of Urban Development
a ranking of settlements according to their size and economic functions
a city that was deliberately established or developed as an administrative or commercial center by colonial or imperial powers
arch of the dominant overland, trade-based cities stretching from London to Tokyo in the 1500s before the rise of sea-based trade and exploration
Urban place experiencing infrastructural challenges related to massive and rapid urbanization.
Cities that were developed hugely as an effect of the Industrial Revolution
Rank Size Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Christallers Central Place Theory
A theory formulated by Walter Christaller in the early 1900s that explains the size and distribution of cities in terms of a competitive supply of goods and services to dispersed populations
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Literally, "country behind," a term that applies to a surrounding area served by an urban center. That center is the focus of goods and services produced for its hinterland and is its dominant urban influence as well. In the case of a port city, the hinterland also includes the inland area whose trade flows through that port.
the minimum market size required to make the sale of a particular product or service profitable
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
One of a small number of interconnected, internationally dominant centers (e.g., New York, London, Tokyo) that together control the global systems of finance and commerce.
a very large city characterized by both primacy and high centrality within its national economy.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
In the United States, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
Micropolitan Statistical Area
An urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city.
The division of a city into different regions or zones (e.g. residential or industrial) for certain purposes or functions (e.g. housing or manufacturing).
The area of a city where retail and office activates are clustered
a settlement in which certain products and services are available to consumers
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
Burgess Concentric Zone Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings
a pattern of migrants moving into the CBD
Zone in Transition
an area of mixed commercial and residential land uses surrounding the CBD.
Peak Land Value Intersection
The most accessible and costly parcel of land in the central business district and, therefore, in the entire urbanized area.
Bid Rent Curve
a chart explaining land costs getting cheaper as you move away from the CBD
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