45 terms

V/H I Respiratory system (Review book) April 19th

Respiratory System Therapeutics
STUDY
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What is not a short-term effect of corticosteroid therapy?
osteoporosis
A common side effect of antihistamine drugs such as diphenhydramine is
Sedation
Puppies born via cesaren section that are not breathing well may benefit from __________ drops administered sublingually.
Doxapram
Most biotransformtion of drugs occurs in the___.
Liver
A drug that has extrene potential for abuse and no approved medicinal purpose in the United States is classified as ________.
C-1
Guaifenesin is and example of a(n)
Expectorant
What is an antitussive?
any medicine used to suppress or relieve coughing
Which of these drugs is available over the counter as an antitussive? 1.theophyllin(Theo-Dur) 2. Albuterol 3. Doxapram HCI (Dopram) 4. Terbutaline
Doxapram HCI (Dopram)
Butorphanol tatrate is an example of a drug that functions on more than one body system. It is both an
Antitussive and norcotic analgesic
The type of drug that would be most helpful for a patient with a productive cough is
Expectorant
An expectorant is a drug that acts to
Liquefy and dilute viscous secretions in the respiratory tract
What is the reversal agent for Xylazine(Rompun)?
Yohimbine(Yobine)
The reversal agent used for opioid toxicity or narcotic overdose is
Naloxone (Narcan)
An asthmatic cat may receive which of the following drugs for its bronchodilatory effect?
Theophylline
Butorphanol is an opioid that is often used for its analgesic properties but is also used in other clinical scenarios as
an antitussive agent
What drug is a respiratory stimulant
Doxapram
Drugs that effectively block the cough reflex are called?
Antitussives
Drugs that reduce the ciscosity of secretions in the respiratory tract are called
Expectorants
Drugs used to increase airflow through respiratory passageways narrowed by the contraction of smooth muscle around them are called
Bronchodilators
Butorphanol and hydrocodone are examples of
Antitussives
Drugs that are described as B2-adrenergic receptor stimulators have what effect on the respiratory tree?
Cause bronchodilatation
Terbutaline, albuterol, and metaproterenol are described as selective B2-adrenergic agonists, They are used in veterinary medicine to
Treat feline asthma or other bronchoconstrictive diseases
Methylxanthines are often used to improve breathing in cardiac patients and patients with respiratory disease, What drugs are methylxanthines used for this purpose?
Theophylline and aminophylline
Cimetidine and ranitidine are often called H 2 blockers, traditionally referred to as Histamine receptors. For what effect are the used?
Antacid
Guaifenesin
Expectorant ("Robitussin")
Removes excess sputum but large doses necessary; Does not suppress cough reflex.
Guaifenesin is an expectorant what is it also used for?
To induce/maintain anesthesia in horses
Mucolytics
Agents that destroy or dissolve mucus
What are adverse effects of Beta-2-Adrenergic Agonists
Hypertension
Headache
Tremors
Tachycardia
Hyperkalemia
Shock
Paradoxical Bronchospasm
Decribe Methylxanthines
a medication for chronic bronchitis and emphysema to produce bronchodilation, improve diaphragmatic strenght and less fatigue, better mucociliary clearance. Theophylline (po) and Aminophylline (IV). adverse effects are toxic serum levels ...can cause tachycardia and palpitations.
Describe Antihistamines
blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy. Acts on H1 receptors to cause bronchoconstriction
Mucolytics
Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst)
What is given to treat acetaminophen toxicity?
Acetylcysteine
Describe Mucolytics
agents that destroy or dissolve mucus, degrade mucin, helpful in opening airways.(COPD)
What schedule drug is Hydrocodone Bitartrate
C-III (schedule 3) opiate agonist
What schedule drug is Butorphanol Tartrate
C-IV (schedule 4) controlled substance
What scedule drug is Codeine by its self
C-V (schedule 5) opiate antagonist in cough preparations
What is another name for Temaril-P
Prednisolone, which is a corticosteroid
What is a centrally acting anititussive
Temaril-P
What are some adverse effects with Beta-2-adrenergic agonists (Bronchodilation)
Tachycardia and hypertension
Name 2 Beta-2 adrenergic agonists dosage forms.
Albuterol--- Ventolin, and Proventil
Name a dosage form of antihistamines
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and Pyrilamine (histavest-p)
What antihistamine is used in cats to block brochoconstriction
Cyproheptadine (Periactin)
Name 2 Methylxanthines
Aminophylline and theophylline
Describe Aminophylline
bronchodilator. relaxes smooth muscle of the respiratory tract. (methylxanthines)
Describe Theophylline
generic name for a smooth muscle relaxant, used chiefly for its bronchodilator effect. (Methylxanthines)