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15 terms

Chapter 14: Physical and Cognitive Development In Adolescence

Flashcards for Developmental Psych
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Growth Spurt
A rapid change in height and weight that signals the onset of puberty.
Puberty
The series of biological developments that transforms individuals from a state of physical immaturity into one which they are biologically mature and capable of sexual reproduction.
Primary Sex Characteristics
The organs directly involved in reproduction. ex: uterus, vagina, penis, scrotum
Secondary Sex Characteristics
The anatomical and physiological signs that outwardly distinguish males and females. ex: breast, broad shoulders
Menarche
the first occurrence of menstruation in a woman.
Semarche
The first ejaculation. Ejaculation often occurs spontaneously during sleep and is called nocturnal emission.
Secular Trend
Observed and industrialized countries, a pattern in which the average age of puberty declines across decades.
Emotional Tone
The degree to which a person experiences a sense of well-being verses depression and anxiety.
Formal Operations
In Piaget's terms, a kind of mental operation in which all possible combinations are considered in solving a problem. Consequently, each partial link is a grouped in relation to the whole. In other words, reasoning moves continually as a function of a structured whole.
Sociocognitive conflict
Cognitive conflict that is rooted in social experience.
Morality of Justice
A morality that emphasizes issues of rightness, fairness, and equality.
Morality Of Care
A morality that stresses relationships, compassion, and social obligations.
Positive Impact of Formal Reasoning
A suggested scientific reasoning becomes possible. Allows for systematic information processing.
Imaginary Audience
Belief of being center of attention. Leads to extreme self-consciousness and going to extreme lengths to avoid embarrassment.
Personal Fable
Believe everyone is watching= inflated sense of self-importance. Feeling of being unique.