56 terms

chapter 13

_________defined as ability to exercise ones will
__________power, exercised over oneself. _________power is the ability of people to exercise their wills over the wills of others
personal; social
_______power referring to unmarried couples or unmarried and married couples
intimate partner power
________power described as husbands and wives
marital power
Four things marital power involve?
decision making, divison of labor, allocation of money, sense of empowerment
________both partners share equally in the rights and responsibilities of the relationship
________ are the rewards and privleges of relationship proportional to contributions of partners
_____________of fairness is generally more powerful
_________power willing and ability to punish partner. _______abilitiy and willingness to give partner material or nonmaterial gifts and favors. ________power knowledge, ability and judgment. ___________power, knows more about a consumer item, child rearing, travel, destination housing market.____________ power emotional identification with partner. ___________power society and culture authorize power of one or other partner or both
coercive; reward; expert; informational; referent; legitmate
Blood and Wolfe's _____________holds spouse with more resources holds more power
resource hypothesis
_________major source of decision making power
wage and salary
One criticism of the resource hypothesis is that ________
doesn't take into account their personalities and way they interact
According to Dair Gillespie power giving resources tend to be __________
unevenly distributed between sexes
____________in traditional society male authority is legitimate power
resources in cultural context
The generation born in U.S has moved to a _______________in which husband -wife relationships are more flexible and negotiated
transitional egalitarian situation
Those most likely that have attained the egalitarian norm are
lesbian couples
____________traditional norms of male authority are strong husbands will dominate regardless of personal resources
patriarchal norm of marital power
Philip Blumstein and Pepper Schwartz covered aspects of couples relationships such as
money, sex, and compared married couples to cohabitation and gay couples
Women have more _______power which can offsets mens __________power
informational; resource or legitmate
____________is whether couple pool their money and who controls pooled or separates money
allocation systems
Mens____________ is a precussor to wife beating or sexual abuse. Women on the other hand fear being ___________
subjective sense of powerlessness; too powerful
_______power gave husbands greatest power in decision making and _______power ascribed more authority to men. Women gain power from __________power
resource; legitimate; informational
Steven Nocks defines MEDS (mutually economically dependent spouses) as
dual earner couples in which each spouse earns between 40 and 59 percent of family's income
Among evangelical Christians a gendered divisions of labour, formal male dominance in decision making and egalitarian spirit combine ____________
neotraditional family
Wilcox and Nock see egalitarian definition of marital power as circumscribed by the symbolic importance of maintaining gender boundaries known as __________
gender model of marriage
Pepper Schwarts points to __________were couple who have developed egalitarian marriages or tried to
peer marriages
According to Schwarts peer marriages ____________believe in equality but combination of children and desire to maximize income means husband does not participate much. _____________were marriages in which male dominated decision making but both parties were ok with this
near; traditionals
___________means that each partner has ability to mutually and reciprocally influence and be influenced by the other
no power
Three alternative to power politics proposed by Blood and Wolfe are
partners take charge of separate domains, one partner disengages from power struggles, the best alternative, for more powerful partner to consciously relinquish some power
According to Carlfred Broderick he proposed exercise to help people disengage from power struggles
resign the crown, do it yourself, make an offer your partner cant refuse, join with joy
The best way to work through power changes is _________
openly discuss and fight about it fairly
3 sources of data for family violence are
National Crime Victimization Survey, National Incident Based Reporting System, National Violence Against Women Survey
Researchers developed a measure of family violence termed _________ in which respondents were asked about acts such as threw something, pushed, grabbed
conflict Tactics Scale
Sever violence defined as ________
acts that have relatively high probability of causing an injury
__________is the physical or emotional abuse of spouses, cohabiting or noncohabiting relationship partners or former spouses
intimate partner violence
Rate of violence is higher for _______couples
cohabiting partners
_________are more likely to have experienced intimate partner victimization
younger women
Vicitimization rates are higher for ___________
Native American women
__________have higher rates of situational couple violence but __________are more likely to be the target of intimate terrorism
cohabiting couples; married women
Some of the reasons women live with violent partners are
fear, cultural norms, love, economic dependence, and hopes of reform, gendered socialization, childhood experiences, low self esteem
Low self esteem interacts with fear, depression, and anxiety to create ___________
battered woman syndrome
Some forms of to avoid women experience male partner violence are
shelters and domestic violence programs
According to Murray assaults by women on male partners have _______
stayed the same
__________refers specifically to abuse that is almost entirely male and that is oriented to controlling the partner through fear and intimidation and occurs more often in marriage
intimate terrorism
___________refers to mutual violence between partners and involves fewer instances and is not likely to escalate and is less severe
situational couple violence
Studies have shown that violence between same sex partners occurs ____________as heterosexual relationships
same or greater
Lesbians and bisexuals women are subject to __________minority stress where as lesbian women of color experience ___________
double risk; triple jeopardy
Other approaches to stopping relationship violence include
counselling and group therapy and criminal justice system
People use the term _________to refer to overt acts of aggression
child abuse
__________is not considered abuse
spanking or hitting a child with a paddle stick or hairbrush
Number of child fatalities due to neglect and abuse has been _________
_________includes acts of omission such as failing to provide adequate physical emotional care. ______________involves parents being overly harsh and critical failing to provide guidance or uninterested in child's needs
child neglect; emotional child abuse or neglect
Most common forms of incest are __________
sibling incest
According to National Family Violence Survey it found ________to be the most pervasive form of family violence
sibling violence
Child abuse is reported more among
poor and nonwhite families
Three major approaches to combating child abuse are _________which views abuse and neglect as crimes and parents should be punished _____________approach which views abuse as a family problem requiring treatment ____________approach which looks to stress factors and the family's social context
punitive approach; therapeutic approach; social welfare approach