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8 terms

Enlightenment in Europe

Vocab for week 2
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Enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Social Contract
an implicit agreement among people that results in the organization of society
John Locke
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Philosophe
Member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society
Voltaire
French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)
Montesquieu
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
Rousseau
French primitive painter (1844-1910)
Mary Wollstonecraft
English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women