AP Art History Final Semester I (Multiple Choice)
Terms in this set (85)
What is the easiest way to span an opening?
post and lintel
What is the Ziggurat of Ur?
the base of a temple
What do the large eyes in Sumerian culture represent?
wisdom - Votive Figures
Which Babylonian leader codified the law?
What is the Standard of Ur?
oldest artwork to connote social order
In Sumerian culture, how are the registers used?
The registers are used to tell a story
Where did the Egyptians record history?
In the tombs
Which work commemorates the unification of upper and lower Egypt?
The Palette of Narmer
What is the best example of clerestory in an ancient civilization?
The temple of Amen-Re in the Hypostyle Hall
What identifies Hatshepsut as a Pharaoh in the kneeling statue?
What kingdom do the Pyramids belong?
What plan do the new order temple buildings follow?
Central Axis plan - Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Where does fresco secco deteriorate over time?
the pigment does not penetrate the plaster
What is the purpose of Horus?
represented as a hawk/falcon, Horus protects the Pharoh
What is a standing male nude in Greece?
What political event started the Classical Period in Greece?
the defeat of the Persians
What kind of background does red-figure pottery have?
From what culture is the rigid posture in Greece influenced?
What is the architectural term for a female as supporting statue for a building?
In his doryphoros, how did Polykleitos show order?
by including balance and proportion
Columns from Etruscan temples resembled which Greek order?
Where are Etruscan sculptures found?
on the roof
What is the setting of the fresco The Room of Leopards?
outside in open air
Etruscan sarcophagi are made from what material?
Bust of Statesmen in Roman in the style of verism follow which Greek tradition?
Hellenistic - emotion
What is the court of law in Rome called?
What geometric shape is the Pantheon based on?
What does Roman Interior First style imitate?
natural stone - marble
What does Roman Fourth style imitate?
it combines the first three styles - natural stone, landscape, and architecture
What building did Trajan commission?
what is the purpose of coffering?
to lighten the weight of the dome
Which Roman Emperor recognized Christianity?
Why did the Romans persecute Christians?
They refused to worship pagan gods
What stylistic period is the representation of Christ as a shepherd influenced by?
Greece - classical tradition
What is the area in front of the door in a cruciform church?
Which church follows a Basilican plan?
Who was the founder of the New Rome?
What is the Dome of the Hagia Sophia supported by?
What does the Mosaic in San Vitale denote?
the connection between church and state
What does the image of Christ as a pantocrator represent?
What does Islamic religious architecture relate to?
What is considered the Islamic center?
What is the Hijera?
What is an Iman?
Muslim religious leader
What is significant about the Dome of the Rock?
It is a sacred site for the three main religions - Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
To which building is Solomon the Great/ Magnificent related?
What is the Mihrab?
a niche on the prayer wall
What direction are most Mosques oriented towards?
What is the origin of the Islamic Hypostyle Hall?
the house of Muhammad
What style does art in Irish Monasteries belong to?
What is the decorative shoulder broach called?
How does St. Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospel show classical influence?
sitting and writing like the philosophers
How did the monks paint the manuscripts?
by hand; tediously; beautifully
What period started the alternate support system?
What is the identifying characteristic of Romanesque architecture?
the Roman arch
What influenced the growth of cities in the Romanesque period?
What economic system was used in Romanesque Europe?
What did pilgrims journey to churches to view?
the relics of martyrs
What was the purpose of the pilgrimage?
to atone for the sins of the pilgrims
What did pilgrims believe the relics would do?
heal the body and soul
What was the most venerated pilgrimage?
Santiago de Compostela
What are compound piers?
piers with columns
What features of the Romanesque church contribute to the high quality of the acoustics?
the high ceilings and the barrel vaults
What impact did Bernard de Clairvaux have on the interior of Romanesque churches?
He said images on the inside of the church were distracting resulting in the general lack of interior decoration of Romanesque churches
Where is the second coming of Christ depicted?
in the tympanum of Ste. Foy
Which architectural feature supports the Romanesque church?
What is the intersection of two barrel vaults called?
a groin vault
What does the Bayeux Tapestry depict?
an actual historical event - the Battle of Hastings
What does the Royal Portal of Chartres Cathedral describe?
episodes from the life of Christ
How are the sculptural programming of Romanesque architecture different from that of Gothic?
there is the addition of the prominence of Mary
where did Gothic Style first appear?
Île de France
Whom did Gothic Cathedral depict?
The Virgin Mary
What Gothic period was the Royal Portal of Chartres Cathedral carved in?
What natural event sent Europe into an artistically dormant phase?
the Black Death
Where was the capital of the Roman Catholic Church?
What Italian city is considered to be "the daughter or Rome"?
What is a confraternity?
a group of law people who followed religious observances
Which artist created the the standard for modern art?
Who created the international Gothic style?
What did Giotto innovate?
the showing of the backs of people in paintings
Which Renaissance artist wrote architectural treatise?
Which Renaissance artist was also a friar who primarily painted the Virgin Mary?
Which building is the first Renaissance Central Plan?
the Pazzi Chapel
Which city cultivated the Renaissance?
What family is synonymous with the Renaissance?