a reference to a literary, mythic, artistic, religious, or historical person/event/idea
word choice - specifically: careful attention to choosing specific words
words that appeal to the five senses and bring to life the words in the poem
the overall emotional atmosphere or feeling in a literary work
the poet's or speaker's attitude towards his/her subject or audience
the person whose voice we "hear" in the poem ("I" might be the poet or persona)
the main (or one of the main) ideas of the work; the message
the repetition of sounds at the beginnings of words in the same line or the next line
the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds
the repetition of consonant sounds at the ends of words
the use of words whose sounds imitate actual sounds
repeating the same word or phrase for effect
the repetition of words close to each other whose last vowel and consonant sounds are the same
arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem
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