Any science bowl terms picked up from the NoHo Science Bowl meetings.
Terms in this set (54)
Has a rating of 2 in Recycling. Has a high strength to density ratio. Is a thermoplastic material. Made from petroleum.
Brittle-Ductile Transition Zone
Hardest part in the crust.
Made up of Moisture, Lift, and Instability. Cumulonimbus clouds usually associated.
Southern Blotting found by Southern. Transfer of electrophoresis-seperated DNA fragments into filter membrane and detection by probe hybridization.
Denaturing Target DNA lengths (usually 100-1000 base pairs long) and finding it's complement hybridized to ssDNA.
Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization. Used to detect the presence or absence of specific DNA sequences. FISH used to find specific features, RNA targets, cancer cells, etc.
Unsorted Glacial sediments.
Cloud Condensation Nuclei
Small particles typically 0.2 µm, or 1/100 th the size of a cloud droplet about which cloud droplets coalesce. Water requires a non-gaseous surface to make the transition from a vapour to a liquid. In the atmosphere, this surface presents itself as tiny solid or liquid particles called CCNs.
Acute form of childhood protein-energy malnutrition characterized by edema, irritability, anorexia, ulcerating dermatoses, and an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates. Enlarged Abdomen as well.
Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. Body weight may be reduced to less than 80% of the average weight that corresponds to the height. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein wasting with the presence of edema.
Rocky Mounted Spotted Fever
Most lethal and most frequently reported rickettsial illness in the United States. It has been diagnosed throughout the Americas. The disease is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, a species of bacterium that is spread to humans by Dermacentor ticks. Initial signs and symptoms of the disease include sudden onset of fever, headache, and muscle pain, followed by development of rash.
Plasmodium. N'uff Said.
African Sleeping Sickness
Human African trypanosomiasis, sleeping sickness, African lethargy, or Congo trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease of people and animals, caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei and transmitted by the tsetse fly.
Form of "advertising" signal. The warning signal may take the form of conspicuous colours, sounds, odours or other perceivable characteristics. Aposematic signals are beneficial for both the predator and prey, both of which avoid potential harm.
Basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. Eliminates wastes from the body, regulates blood volume and blood pressure, controls levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulates blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone. About 800,000 to 1.5 million in humans.
State that had the record of largest snow depth. 451 inches.
Phylum for large segmented worms such as ragworms, earthworms, and leeches.
Hagfish or Lamprey
Genus of Gram-negative bacteria established by H. J. Conn that uses horizontal gene transfer to cause tumors in plants.
Resident cell of several types of tissues and contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin. Although best known for their role in allergy and anaphylaxis, mast cells play an important protective role as well, being intimately involved in wound healing and defense against pathogens.
The mast cell is very similar in both appearance and function to the basophil, a type of white blood cell. However, they are not the same, as they arise from different cell lines.
Methane hydrate, hydromethane, methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a clathrate hydrate) in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid similar to ice.
Device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimes used. They are different from batteries in that they require a constant source of fuel and oxygen to run, but they can produce electricity continually for as long as these inputs are supplied.
Type of respiration organ used for atmospheric gas exchange and is found in arachnids, such as scorpions and spiders. Each of these organs is found inside a ventral abdominal air-filled cavity (atrium) and connects with the surroundings through a small opening.
Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum
The most extreme change in Earth surface conditions during the Cenozoic Era began just after the temporal boundary between the Paleocene and Eocene epochs around 55.0 million years ago. It is associated with rapid (in geological terms) global warming, profound changes in ecosystems, and major perturbations in the carbon cycle.
Specialized cells located in the leaf epidermis of plants. Pairs of these surround tiny stomatal airway pores. These tiny holes in the surface of leaves are necessary for gas exchange into and out of the plant; carbon dioxide (CO2) enters the plant allowing the carbon fixation reactions of photosynthesis to occur. Oxygen (O2) exits the plant as a byproduct of photosynthesis. The opening and closing of the stomatal gas exchange holes is regulated by swelling and shrinking of the two surrounding guard cells
An abnormal number of chromosomes, and is a type of chromosome abnormality. Extra or missing from defect. Occurs when chromosomes do not separate properly during cell division. Usually extra number of chromosome: 21, 18, 13.
Occurs when two orbiting bodies exert a regular, periodic gravitational influence on each other, usually due to their orbital periods being related by a ratio of two small integers.
A celestial event in which a number of meteors are observed to radiate from one point in the night sky. These meteors are caused by streams of cosmic debris called meteoroids entering Earth's atmosphere at extremely high speeds on parallel trajectories.
27 Carbon: 'nuff said'
Scarcest Element in the Earth's Crust.
These stars are losing mass rapidly by means of a very strong stellar wind, with speeds up to 2000 km/s. They typically lose 10−5 solar masses a year. They are extremely hot, with surface temperatures in the range of 30,000 K to around 200,000K. They are also highly luminous, from tens of thousands to several million times the bolometric luminosity of the sun, although not exceptionally bright visually since most of their output is in far ultraviolet and even soft X-rays.
Also referred to as a lake overturn, is a rare type of natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) suddenly erupts from deep lake water, suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans. Such an eruption may also cause tsunamis in the lake as the rising CO2 displaces water. Scientists believe landslides, volcanic activity, or explosions can trigger such an eruption. Lakes in which such activity occurs may be known as limnically active lakes or exploding lakes.
Used to etch glass.
Phobos and Deimos
The two moons of Mars.
A metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate carbon substrates such as pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, and glucogenic amino acids.
It is one of the two main mechanisms humans and many other animals use to keep blood glucose levels from dropping too low (hypoglycemia). The other means of maintaining blood glucose levels is through the degradation of glycogen (glycogenolysis)
Commutator and Brush
Two components of a DC Motor.
Hepatic Portal Vein
A blood vessel that conducts blood from the gastrointestinal tract and spleen to the liver. This blood is rich in nutrients that were extracted from food, and the liver processes these nutrients; it also filters toxins that may have been ingested with the food.
Deficiency in Vitamin B1
This process is the major industrial process for the production of aluminium. It involves dissolving alumina in molten cryolite, and electrolysing the molten salt bath to obtain pure aluminium metal.
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere, Magnetosphere.
These are the Earth's atmosphere from the ground up.
Hydrogen, Helium, Oxygen
Major component of the atmosphere of Mercury from Highest to Lowest.
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Sulfur Dioxide
Major component of the atmosphere of Venus from Highest to Lowest.
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Argon
Major component of the atmosphere of Earth from Highest to Lowest.
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Argon
Major component of the atmosphere of Mars from Highest to Lowest.
Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur
Major component of the atmosphere of Jupiter from Highest to Lowest.
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Major component of the atmosphere of Saturn from Highest to Lowest.
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Major component of the atmosphere of Uranus from Highest to Lowest.
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Major component of the atmosphere of Neptune from Highest to Lowest.
An object's shape, especially a leaf or shell, as being round-toothed or having a scalloped edge.
The transition area between two biomes. It is where two communities meet and integrate.
A tropical atmospheric circulation that is defined by the average over longitude, which features rising motion near the equator, poleward flow 10-15 kilometers above the surface, descending motion in the subtropics, and equatorward flow near the surface. This circulation is intimately related to the trade winds, tropical rainbelts & hurricanes, subtropical deserts and the jet streams. One of three primary circulation cells.
English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854.
Stable Atom. Most common iron isotope.
organic, polyatomic cation that acts as a neurotransmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans.Acetylcholine is also the principal neurotransmitter in all autonomic ganglia.also behaves as an excitatory neurotransmitter at neuromuscular junctions in skeletal muscle.