23 terms

Africa Geography SS7G1

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Terms in this set (...)

Sahara
A huge desert stretching across most of North Africa; largest desert in the world
Sahel
a strip of dry grasslands on the southern border of the Sahara; also known as "the shore of the desert"
Savanna
a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.
Tropical Rainforest
most diverse and hottest terrestrial biome, biome near the equator with warm climate wet weather and lush plant growth
Nile River
This early empire has its home along Africa's longest river, with a detailed form of writing.
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
Congo River
A river in Central Africa that flows into the Atlantic Ocean; Africa's second longest river
Niger River
The mouth of this River flows through a large delta, often referred to as the "Oil Delta" because of the petroleum industry that's centered here.
Biome
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical organisms; Sahara, Sahel, Savanna and Tropical Rainforests are all biomes
Kalahari Desert
A desert in southwestern Africa - largely Botswana and Namibia. Like the Sahara, there is little rain here
The Atlas Mountains
Mountains that create a rain shadow effect resulting in the Sahara Desert.; located in Northwest Africa; a mountain range in northern Africa between the Mediterranean and the Sahara Desert
Africa's longest mountain range
Lake Tanganyika
longest and 2nd deepest freshwater lake in the world
Desertification
The process by which formerly fertile lands become increasingly arid, unproductive, and desert-like (major issue in the Sahel region.
Deforestation
The process of stripping the land of its trees
Famine
a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
droughts
Long periods of unusually low precipitation
Lake Victoria
Africa's largest lake, located in East Africa and provides an important life source for the people in the area.
Great Rift Valley
area in africa where parts of the plateau's surface dropped and early human fossils are found;
the largest rift in the earth's surface
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Africa's highest mountain;
Africa's highest peak;
Located on great rift valley, africa's tallest mountain, 19,341 ft high;
a dormant volcanic mountain in Tanzania, which is the highest mountain in Africa.
Egypt
This early empire has its home along Africa's longest river, with a detailed form of writing.
Country in North Africa on the Mediterranean Sea
Kenya
African country that was under British rule until it was granted independence in 1963; the Mau Mau secret society fought here for their independence from British rule.
South Africa
this country practice apartheid; Nelson Mandela was the first African president; colonized by Great Britain
Sudan
divided into a Muslim North and a Christian South; the capital of Khartoum is located in the Muslim North. Conflict exists between the North and South due to religious reasons. The North does not acknowledge the South as being seperate.
Nigeria
Country on Africa's West Coast in the Gulf of Guinea; has a rich oil delta

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