21 terms

Chapter 19 vocab

Second Industrial Revolution
Steep growth in industry and the production of steel, petrolium, electric power, and the machinery to produce other goods
Henry Bessemer
This man revolutionized the way to manufacture steel by making the process quicker and more efficient
Louis Pasteur
French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)
Incandescent Lamp
electric lamp consisting of a glass bulb containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated
Carl Benz
built a three wheeled vehicle
Dresder Bank
Wright Brothers
Orville Wright credited with the design and construction of the first practical airplane. They made the first controllable, powered heavier-than-air flight along with many other aviation milestones, also showing the beginning of the individual progressive spirit.
Marie Curie
French chemist (born in Poland) who won two Nobel Prizes
Quantum theory
(physics) a physical theory that certain properties occur only in discrete amounts (quanta)
someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
Rubber Condoms
used rubber for condoms because it was natural (from a tree) but then after world war II, there was a mass distribution of condoms causing a decline in STDs so more money was put into manufacturing better condoms and began to use latex
movement of individuals away from a population
Zionist movement
a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine
Farewell to old Erin's isle
a member of the working class (not necessarily employed)
Emile Zola
French novelist and critic
Contagious Disease Act
Baron Georges Haussmann
He was the administrator of the plan Napoleon III launched to modernize and beautify the city of Paris.
London's East End
severely overcrowded area in Britain that exemplified the deteriorating quality of urban housing
Ferry Laws
a set of French laws, which established first free education (1881) then mandatory and laic education (1882). Proposed by the (Republican) Minister of Public Instruction Jules Ferry, they were a crucial step in the grounding of the Third Republic