8-World War II Review
Terms in this set (51)
This statement describes how U.S. foreign policy changed between 1935 and 1941?
The United States changed from proclaiming strict neutrality to aiding the Allies and making preparations for war.
This statement best explains how the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor changed public opinion in the United States?
It undermined isolationist sentiments left over from the aftermath of World War I.
This rationale best explains Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941?
to solidify its dominant position throughout the Pacific by crippling the U.S. Navy
This nation invaded Ethiopia as part of its military buildup in the 1930s?
An example of Japanese territorial aggression in the early 1930s was its invasion of
This statement best explains a major reason for the annexation of large amounts of territory by Nazi Germany?
The Nazis desired to absorb more members of the Aryan race into Germany.
Why was the settlement reached at the Munich Conference an important event in the buildup to World War II?
It emboldened Germany to continue to expand.
The Neutrality Act of 1935 prevented Americans from
selling weapons to any nation at war
After forming the Axis Powers in 1936, Germany and Italy shared This goal?
spreading fascism to Spain
Prior to World War II, This factor most contributed to growing interventionist sentiment in the United States?
Japanese aggression in China and the Pacific.
This factor presented the most serious challenge to the United States once it became involved in World War II?
The Axis Powers had conquered large amounts of territory.
This statement best describes why the United States and the United Kingdom occupied western Europe at the end of World War II?
Leaders of both countries feared the spread of communism to the region.
According to the principles applied by judges at the Nuremberg trials, This action constitutes a crime against humanity?
seeking to kill all members of a minority group within a country
This consequence resulted from the trials held at Nuremberg after World War II?
the establishment of international definitions of military justice
This goal was achieved when the Allies began their invasion of Italy?
providing relief for Soviet troops on the eastern front
The term Final Solution refers to
Nazi Germany's plan to exterminate Jews in death camps
How did U.S. policies during the 1920s and 1930s leave many European Jews unprotected from the Holocaust?
The United States was unwilling to accept a flood of Jewish refugees escaping from Nazi Germany.
This military challenge did the United States confront first in World War II?
protecting supply ships from German submarines
What was the significance of D-Day (June 6, 1944)?
It began the Allied invasion of western Europe.
The term Holocaust refers to
the systematic murder of millions of European Jews during World War II
This statement accurately describes territorial control of Europe after V-E Day in 1945?
Germany was controlled by the armies of several nations.
Where did the United States first attack after entering World War II?
As a result of Executive Order 9066, This person would have been required to report to an internment camp in the United States?
an American whose parents were born in Japan
According to the Supreme Court's ruling in Korematsu v. United States, This act is constitutional?
detaining Americans suspected of being a threat to national security
This factor strengthened labor unions in the United States during World War II?
The military service of Japanese Americans during World War II is evidence that best supports This statement?
Many Japanese Americans continued to support the United States despite its wartime policies.
This statement best explains how World War II affected the United States?
It reinforced trends toward a bigger, more bureaucratic federal government.
During World War II, the U.S. government rationed certain materials in order to
make sure the military had access to critical resources
This event most contributed to anti-Japanese sentiment in the United States during World War II?
the attack on Pearl Harbor
This contributed most to the success of the Manhattan Project?
the involvement of scientists who were refugees from Nazi Germany
This statement best describes how production in the United States changed during World War II?
Production for the military was given priority over production of consumer items.
This action ended the war in the Pacific?
the use of atomic weapons by the United States
How were the outcomes of the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa similar?
Both involved very costly fighting that left U.S. officials reluctant to endorse a ground invasion of mainland Japan.
The U.S. military was hampered in its early efforts in the war in the Pacific by a lack of
The U.S. victory at Iwo Jima enabled the United States to focus its efforts on capturing
This statement best explains why the decision to use atomic weapons was difficult for U.S. officials?
It could save American lives but result in significant Japanese civilian casualties.
This statement best describes the early stages of the war in the Pacific after the United States declared war on Japan?
Japan dominated the early stages of the war, and the United States would not win a significant victory for several months.
An important difference between the Battle of Coral Sea and the Battle of Midway is that
Japan continued with an offensive strategy following Coral Sea but was forced to adopt a defensive strategy following Midway.
During World War II, General Douglas MacArthur is remembered for his role in
leading the army from Australia through the Philippines toward Japan
This action illustrates the concerns of the United States regarding the postwar influence of other nations?
The United States withheld information about its weapons programs from the Soviet Union.
What role did Admiral Chester Nimitz play in the war in the Pacific?
He led the naval advance across the Pacific Ocean.
A colonial territory of This nation became the state of Israel after World War II?
After World War II, the Truman administration pursued a gradual demobilization strategy in an attempt to
prevent widespread unemployment
This statement best explains why the United States faced economic challenges after World War II?
The nation's manufacturing sector needed to convert from producing war materials to producing consumer goods.
This statement best explains why both the United States and the Soviet Union have tremendous influence in the United Nations?
Each country's veto power can prevent any UN Security Council ruling from moving forward.
This statement best describes the interests of the Soviet Union at the end of World War II?
Because the country suffered millions of casualties during the war, defense against foreign attacks was the main priority of Soviet leaders.
This statement best contrasts the Soviet Union and the United States at the end of World War II?
The United States was more prosperous because it could more easily transition to a peacetime economy.
Following World War II, This action did the Soviet Union take in part to preserve its own security?
It insisted on the establishment of buffer states in Eastern Europe.
This statement best explains how the Holocaust contributed to postwar Zionism?
Jews felt that a homeland would help them protect themselves against future persecution.
This decision was made at the Yalta Conference?
Each permanent member of the UN Security Council would have veto power.
This event increased tensions among the Allied leaders who met at the Potsdam Conference?
the resistance of the Soviet Union to democracy in Eastern Europe