Road to Revolution
Study Guide for Road to Revolution Quiz
Terms in this set (66)
Age of Enlightenment
science and reason can improve society and government
French and Indian War
In 1756 European nations, Native Americans and American colonists fought for North American land; part of the 7 years war
Problems facing King George after the French and Indian War
1) Maintaining British rule over a vast tract of land
2) paying off a huge war debt.
Proclamation of 1763
Stopped colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains after French & Indian War
In 1765 the act forced colonists to shelter, feed & supply British soldiers. Colonists saw it as another way of taxing them.
In 1764 Britain taxed imported goods to the colonies including sugar and molasses; They punished smugglers harshly
In 1765 the British required legal and commercial documents to carry a stamp showing a tax had been paid
income or money
Taxation without representation is tyranny
Said by James Otis about the British taxes; He meant that the colonist should have a say in how they were being taxed
urged colonists to resist taxes and said "if this be treason, make the most of it!"
refusal to buy goods from a certain person or place
Passed in 1766,it gave the British Parliament supreme authority to govern colonies
Passed in1767, the Townshend acts taxed manufactured goods from England: glass, paper, silk, lead, painters colors, tea, etc.
writs of assistance
a type of search warrant used by the British soldiers to enter homes of suspected smugglers
A leader in the Sons of Liberty who publicly urged colonists to boycott British goods
Sons of Liberty
group of male colonists who formed to protest British control
Daughters of Liberty
group of female colonists who formed to urge women to boycott British goods; this resulted in British trade suffering
Writs of Assistance II
Allowed British officials to search colonial homes for smuggled goods
In 1770 British soldiers shot and killed 5 Boston colonists during a fight at the docks
African American killed during the Boston Massacre
American lawyer who defended British soldiers who were prosecuted for the Boston Massacre
In 1773 the British taxed tea & gave Britain's East India Company control of American tea trade
committees of correspondence
started by Samuel Adams to exchange letters between colonists regarding colonial issues and problems
is ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
In 1774, the acts punished the citizens of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party by closing the Boston Harbor, banning committees of correspondence, allowing British soldiers to be housed anywhere & allowing British officials to stand trial in Britain
Boston Tea Party
In December 1773, the Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor as a protest of the Tea Act
First Continental Congress
Held in 1774 in Philadelphia, it banned trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed and called on each colony to begin training troops
Messenger who along with John Dawes was charged with spreading information about British troop movements
One if by land, two if by sea
The signal to show how the British would arrive; the number of lanterns that would burn in the Old North Church Steeple
Lexington and Concord
Where the first Revolutionary War Battles were held in 1775
Patrick Henry II
Said "Give me liberty or give me death!" in a famous speech to the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1775 when urging colonists to support the war against Britain
Made midnight ride with William Dawes and others to warn Patriots "the British were coming!"
"Shot heard 'round the world"
Quote from Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson regarding the first battles of the Revolutionary War; It mean that everyone would now have to decide if they supported the colonists or the British Government
Shot Heard 'Round the World
First gun shot that started the first battle of the American Revolution at Lexington and Concord
colonists who supported the British Government
colonists who sided with the American "rebels"
A rebel is a person who stands up for their own personal opinions despite what anyone else says. A true rebel stands up for what they believe is right, not against what's right.
Second Continental Congress
Held in 1775, it formed the Continental Army with George Washington in command, printed money to pay the troops & appointed a committee to write the Declaration of Independence
formed in 1775 after battles in Lexington and Concord with George Washington as their leader
led his band of Green Mountain Boys and captured Fort Ticonderoga a British stronghold which had supplies, and artillery
cannons and large guns
Battle of Bunker Hill
Happened in June 1775 when colonists seized Breeds and Bunker Hills in Boston. The British attacked and eventually won but they lost over 1000 men
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes!"
Reportedly said by Colonel William Prescott (rebel leader) at the Battle of Bunker Hill, to make sure that colonists conserved ammunition during the battle
Olive Branch Petition
drafted in July 1775 by the colonists to avoid war; this last attempt at peace with Britain was rejected
The olive branch symbolized peace for ancient Christians
Response by King George to the Olive Branch
blockade of American harbors and sending German soldiers to occupy the colonies
German soldiers sent by King George to occupy rebellious American colonies
Officer in American Army who was in charge if the Fort Ticonderoga battle; he did not believe the colonists could win the war and he betrayed the Americans by giving the British their plans
Benedict Arnold II
When you call someone a Benedict Arnold you are calling them a traitor
British retreat from Boston
Tin March 1776, the British left Boston because they did not feel they could win a battle there
a pamphlet written to convince colonists to break away from Britain
Wrote the pamphlet Common Sense to urge colonists to break away from Britain's control
When the Second Continental Congress adopted the resolution to authorize the 13 colonies to establish their own governments
Declaration of Independence
document written by colonists that declared independence from Britain
one of the main writers of the Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
Date that Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence
Holiday held every year to commemorate the adoption of the Declaration of Independence
Wanted to rebel from British control
Wanted to stay under British control
philosopher who stated that all men have rights, governments are created to protect those rights & people can replace a government that fails to protect their rights
someone who brings goods illegally into the country or colony.
The refusal to buy or import goods. A form of protest.
citizens of Massachusetts who banded into militia groups and secretly prepared for war.
theory of trade that England practiced with her colonies. The colonies existed to benefit the mother country.
Laws that England put in place to ensure that America would only trade with England. England profited tremendously from these laws. The basis of these laws was mercantilism. England first restricted trade with these laws.
What was the response of the colonists every time the King and Parliament tried to impose their will?
d. The more the King & Parliament tried to impose their will, the more the colonists rebelled.
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