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24 terms

Walker's Bio-Vocab 2

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Calvin Cycle
a biochemical pathway of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide is converted into glucose using ATP
Biome
A group of similar ecosystems
Cancer
Uncontrolled cell growth
Phenotype
physical characteristics of an organism
Facilitated Diffusion
movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through protein channels
Transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
Light-Dependent Reactions
reactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
Ionic Bond
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another
Heterozygous
having two different alleles for a trait
Allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
Metaphase
second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
Vertebrae
Organisms with a spine
Translation
decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
Mutualism
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent
Homozygous
having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
Photosynthesis
synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)
Ecology
the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
Solvent
a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
Cellular Respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Sexual Selection
a form of natural selection in which individuals with certain inherited characteristics are more likely than other individuals to obtain mates
Anatomy
the study of the structure of an organism
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
Incomplete Dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over the other allele
Genotype
genetic makeup of an organism