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a reference, explicit or indirect, to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar consonant sounds
a poem or song that tells a story, a narrative species of folk songs which originate, and are communicated orally, among illiterate or only partly literate people; a literary ballad is composed in imitation of an old folk ballad
(dissonance) language which seems harsh, rough, and unmusical; the discordance is the combined effect of meaning and difficulty of pronunciation, as well as sound
a pattern poem in which the visual form or shape of the poem reflects the poem's theme or content
consonance (one letter)
repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse, similar to alliteration but not limited to the beginning letter of a word
consonance (two or more letters)
the repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowel
a three-syllable metrical foot consisting of a heavy stress followed by two lights, as in might-i-est
a type of poem or dramatic speech where a single person, who is NOT the poet, utters the entire poem in a specific situation at a critical moment.
a formal and sustained poetic lament (and usually consolation) for the death of a particular person
poetic line in which the pause in the reading, naturally occurring, coincides with the end of the line
run-on lines - the continuation of a sentence or phrase from one verse line to the next without end-stopped punctuation
long narrative poem on a great or serious subject told in an elevated style and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the fate of a tribe or nation
any short poem which is polished, terse, and pointed, which often ends with a surprising or witty turn of thought
changing/reversing the natural word order; sometimes this is an artificial way for the poet to achieve a rhyme and rhythm
the rhythmical pattern of a poem, determined by the number and types of stresses, or beats, in each line
a long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style, and elaborate in its stanzaic structure
a type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics
a word whose sound, by an obscure process, to some degree suggests its meaning, such as flicker, slippery, glisten
a play on words that are either identical in sound (homonyms) or very similar sound, but are sharply diverse in meaning
a metrical foot composed of two successive syllables with approximately equal light stresses
four-line stanza; the most common in English versification, and is employed with various meters and rhyme schemes
a phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza
the varying speed, intensity, elevation, pitch, loudness, and expressiveness of speech especially prevalent in poetry
the repetition of identical or closely related sounds in the syllables of different words, most often in concluding syllables at ends of lines
rhyming accented syllables followed by identical unaccented syllables at the ends of lines, as in brightly/lightly
the pattern of a poem's rhyme, usually indicated by assigning a letter of the alphabet to each rhyming sound
an often intentional change in anything - point of view, scenery, mood, etc.; can often be intended as a device
a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of fourteen iambic pentameter lines linked by an intricate rhyme scheme; Elizabethan and Petrarchan being the predominant forms
descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another; using one sensory experience to describe another
poetry written in tercets which are interlinked in that each is linked to the one following by a common rhyme
a two-syllable metrical foot consisting of a heavy stress followed by a light stress; as in never or gather or happy
restraint or lack of emphasis in expression, as for rhetorical effect (see also litotes and meiosis)
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