Moving Toward Independence
Terms in this set (31)
On May 10th 1775, the second Continental Congress assembled where?
The delegates of the second Continental Congress sent a letter to the king and Parliament, asking them to preserve their rights as Englishmen. The petition conveyed such a desire for peach it was called what?
The Olive Branch Petition.
The Congress continued to prepare for war even though they had petitioned the king for peace, doubting it would happen. They took control of the army at Boston. What did they name the army?
The Continental Army.
Who did the Continental Congress name as the commander of the army?
The King refused to read the Olive Branch Petition, instead what did he do?
He ordered the army to suppress the rebellious colonist.
The king, to make matters worst, order the Parliament to issue the Prohibitory Act. What three things did that act entail.
It cut off Britain trade with the colonies. It also stated that Britain would no longer protect the colonies. Colonial ships were now subject to capture and their cargo the "the lawful prize" of the captors.
Upon hearing of the incident at Lexington and Concord, who decided to capture the British outposts of Ticonderoga and Crown Point?
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys.
Who were the Green Mountain Boys and what was their purpose?
A unit raised to defend the New Hampshire land grants.
What Lake were Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point along side?
What would be the benefit of capturing these forts be to the colonist.
It would prevent the British from coming down the Hudson River and cutting off New England from New York and the rest of the colonies.
Who argued with Ethan Allen over who should command the Green Mountain Boys in the operation of taking over Ft. Ticonderoga?
How many casualties were there at Ft. Ticonderoga and Ft Crown Point.
None. They took the Forts without firing a shot.
What else did they capture besides the men at Fort Ticonderoga?
All the artillery cannons.
The Battle of Bunker Hill was really fought on what hill?
Reeds Hill on the Charlestown peninsula.
Who was the colonel in charge at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
Colonel William Prescott.
The British General in charge at the Battle of Bunker Hill was who?
General Thomas Gage ordered General William Howe who reinforced Gage, and his three thousand men to capture the hill.
How many assaults did it take to take Reeds Hill?
Why did the colonists loose at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
They ran out of ammo.
The British began to step up military operations using mercenaries. What were these mercenaries called and why?
Hessians, they were named that because that was the region in Germany they had come from.
The taking of Fort Ticonderoga and Fort Crown Point opened up the avenue to what?
An attack on Canada.
Why did the Colonists want to take Canada from the British?
They hoped the Canadians would ally themselves with them against the British seeing how they were somewhat populated with the French who hated the British.
Who were the two men that were suppose to take Quebec in the initial planning?
General Philip Schuyler and Benedict Arnold.
Who were the two men who actually led the attack on Quebec?
Richard Montgomery a former British officer and Benedict Arnold, due to General Philip Schuyler becoming ill.
Which commander got killed in the attack on Quebec and which was severely wounded.
General Montgomery was killed and Benedict Arnold was severely wounded in the leg.
What was the concentrated effort that took place during 1775 - 1776.
Getting the British out of Boston.
Who brought the cannons from Fort Ticonderoga to Dorchester heights in 47 days and how much artillery was there.
Colonel Henry Knox, 60 tons of artillery was brought three hundred miles over mountains and snow and placed on Dorchester Heights the night of March 4th.
What was the effect of Colonel Henry Knox's extraordinary feat?
The British left Boston for New York and 1000 loyalist left Boston for Halifax Nova Scotia.
What two commanders led their men in the strategic capture of the British forts Ticonderoga and Crown Point?
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold.
What were the colonists called that favored the British cause?
When Arnold was wounded at Quebec, who took over command and took several barricades of the British.
What cost the colonist the Battle of Quebec?
Benedict Arnold did not know that Montgomery had been killed and Lt. Col. Donald Campbell took over and oversaw a disorganized retreat with his men. Arnold ordered Daniel Morgan to wait on Montgomery and when the battle resumed Morgan and his men where capture. Had he not waited on Morgan things may have turned out differently. ANSWER: Waiting on Montgomery who was killed and whose troops had retreated and left the battle.