PLT Practice 3
Terms in this set (50)
Of the special learning environments recently created, which model is autonomous and independent of the regulations and rules that govern the traditional public school system?
a. elementary schools
b. charter schools
c. middle schools
d. magnet schools
Which practice is not associated with Piagetian Theory?
a. Identifying children with developmental delays
b. aligning state-mandated standards
c. selecting appropriate activities
d. designing appropriate activities
Which of the following is a belief of cognitive psychologists?
a. by changing environmental conditions, one can control student behavior
b. all people pass through developmental stages, although at varying times
c. learning involves constructing individual knowledge from individual experiences
d. responses are influenced by the consequences that follow them
Extrinsic reinforcement can be legitimately employed in all but which one of the following scenarios?
a. engaging students in an activity or task of low interest
b. providing feedback for increasing competence
c. providing students with social support and acceptance
d. increasing interest in a task itself
What is the goal of multicultural education?
a. enable teachers to generalize across ethnic groups
b. encourage ethnic groups to adopt the practices of the dominate culture
c. provide all children with equality of opportunity
d. identify students with limited English proficiency
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates that educational rights are to be granted to all people in what age category?
a. birth to 21
b. 3 to 21
c. 6 to 18
d. 6 to 21
State or national standards drive the curriculum in most school districts. Standards are organized into scope and sequence. What does scope mean?
a. the repetition of the content
b. the depth of the content
c. the span of the curriculum
d. instructional objectives
Which answer is not one of the facets of psychosocial development that can contribute to academic success?
c. social interaction
d. moral reasoning
Which of the following reflects behaviorists' beliefs?
a. students learn by observing models
b. by manipulating the environment one can control behavior
c. students construct their own reality
d. negative consequences have little effect on student behavior
Which method of evaluation determines what students know and can do prior to or during instruction?
d. performance based
According to Howard Gardner, a student who exhibits talents in perceiving visual images and imagined representations possesses which of the multiple intelligences?
a. bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
b. logical mathematical intelligence
c. naturalist intelligence
d. spatial intelligence
Which is not one of the typical capabilities of a second grade child?
a. performing mental operations with the use of concrete objects
b. classification of items
d. hypothetical thinking
Teachers assess students' prior knowledge for all but which one of the following reasons?
a. identifying misconceptions
b. assess working memory
c. ascertaining interests
d. determining current levels of understanding
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs suggests which scenario would most likely impair a student's ability to concentrate on intellectual pursuits?
a. an undeveloped aesthetic appreciation
b. a lack of interest in self-actualization
c. alienation from peers
d. an unexpected outcome on one test
Which answer is not one of the goals accomplished through multicultural education?
a. the creation of culturally literate students
b. an increased understanding and tolerance of culturally based belief
c .the elevation of dominant culture role-models for ethnic groups
d. an increase in student confidence to pursue goals previously thought unattainable
Referral for evaluation into a Special Education program can come from which of the following?
a. parents, teachers or physicians
b. parent or physicians
c. parents or teachers
d. teachers only
The application level of Bloom's Taxonomy requires students to do which of the following?
a. appraise information or data
b. construct something unique by combining information
c. examine the various parts of information
d. use information in an actual situation
A third grade student who is punished for not meeting expectations is most likely suffer from which one of the following?
Negative reinforcement is best described as which one of the following?
a. punishment in the form of consequences for specified behaviors
b. unpleasant stimulus that requires student action for its removal
c. time out that excludes students from activities
d. punishment that involves the loss of a positive reinforcer
Objective tests remain popular for all but which one of the following reasons?
a. reliability is high
b. objectivity is high
c. electronic scoring is possible
d. environmental complexity is high
Site based management is decentralized and has which of the following advantages
a. teachers have a high level of involvement without accountability
b. teachers are given decision-making authority
c. administration assumes the role of decision-making with accountability
d. administration is recognized as having the necessary expertise to guide outcomes
A foreign language teacher pairs a fluent speaker with a less fluent speaker to practice a skit. Will this practice be successful or unsuccessful?
a. successful, the fluent speaker can provide support for the less fluent speaker
b. successful, the level of understanding has little to do with peer collaboration
c. unsuccessful, students learn language best through direct instruction
d. unsuccessful, the more fluent students gains little from the experience
All but which one of the following are effective ways to retain fact-based information?
b. meaningful learning
Students who have an external locus of control exhibit which of the following behaviors?
a. taking responsibility for their outcomes
b. experiencing pride for their success
c. giving credit for their accomplishments to others
d. attributing failure to a lack of effort
Tracking, or ability grouping, is acceptable in which one of the following situations?
a. interests or vocational aspirations
b. intelligence or interests
c. ethnicity or vocational aspirations
d. tracking is never acceptable
Identify the elements that is not necessary for an Individualized Education Program (IEP)
a. present level of performance
b. strengths and needs to determine goals and objectives
c. instructional strategies and support services
d. an explanation of the most restricted environment
A teacher who is designing a student-centered lesson would incorporate activities based on which learning theory?
d. the zone of proximal development
Typical fifth grade students would comply with school and classroom rules based upon what level of moral reasoning?
a. fear of being caught
b. adherence to rules is important
c. social contract
d. universal ethical principal
For minor misconduct from a student, a teacher should do which of the following?
a. detention after school
b. a private discussion outside of the classroom
c. ignore the behavior
d. support the undesired behavior with attention
Performance based assessment, or authentic assessment is best characterized as which one of the following?
a. a method to determine prior knowledge and establish readiness
b. a way to emphasize student active responses that result in a product or event
c. an evaluation where students most interact with the information by interpretation
d. a method to determine the core knowledge a student has attained
Induction programs accomplish all but which one of the following?
a. help teachers successfully adjust to a new career or school system
b. furnish information regarding district resources
c. reduce attrition rates
d. introduce novice teachers to the Praxis III Evaluation
Metacognition pertains to all but which one of the following answers?
a. students' extenuation in use of words as in overgeneralization
b. students' knowledge of their own cognitive processes
c. studnets' awareness of their limitations
d. students' determination of personally effective student strategies
The practice of mastering a skill to automaticity is best exemplified in which scenario?
a. students mimicking a foreign language teacher to learn new vocabulary
b. students collecting samples of vegetation for a science lab
c. students talking to themselves to work through a difficult problem
d. students using flash cards to learn their multiplication facts
Which quality is not typical of a student with learning goals?
b. self-regulatory behavior
v. using the teacher as a resource
d. focusing on grades
Teachers should accommodate individual learning styles of students for which one of the following reasons?
a. most school districts mandate such practices
b. it increases student motivation
c. students advance incrementally
d. in decreases time on-task
Which one is the current definition of inclusion?
a. individualization of instruction for all students with the cooperating teachers and special education teacher teaching all students
b. individualization of instruction for special education students with a special education teacher present in the classroom to assist special education students
c. no individualization of instruction in the regular classroom and frequent visits to a special education resource room
d. no individualization of instruction
If a ninth grade teacher design problem solving activities that are ill-defined, will he transfer of learning likely be successful or unsuccessful?
a. successful because students like those types of problems
b. successful because most problems outside of school are ill-defined
c. unsuccessful because relevant information may be missing
d. unsuccessful because goals may be unclear
Select the desired management style for teachers and parents to use with children
Classroom environments should be structured to facilitate which of the following?
a. teacher control
b. student access
d. student control
How are norm-referenced scores accomplished?
a. by having set criteria on which to base the test
b. comparing the performance of students
c. by projecting expected performance on a test
d. by determining what has and has not been learned
Which answer is not one of the benefits students receive when their parents are involved with their education?
a. increased attendance
b. improved attitudes toward school
c. increased academic achievement
d. increased dependence
Which language irregularity is typified by incorrectly using one word or label for several different objects?
b. under generalization
c. over regularization
d. expressive speech
Integrating the curriculum is beneficial for all but which one of the following reasons?
a. it maintains the complexity of the actual environment
b. students use language from several disciples to examine problems
c. methodology from various subjects is utilized
d. it primarily is skill-based and literal to reduce students' misconceptions
Which type of modeling would be most beneficial for a student struggling with an unfamiliar or difficult task?
a. teacher modeling
b. peer modeling
c. cultural modeling
d. parent modeling
Optimal use of computers in the class requires that teachers do which one of the following?
a. locate standard for the discipline in which the computers are to be sued
b. pan and implement objectives as they typically would in the classroom
c. program instruction based on B. F. Skinner's theory of programmed instruction
d. accommodate the various learning styles of students in the classroom
which of the following is not an acceptable modification for special education students?
a. adjusting the size of assignments
b. varying the time allotment for an assignment
c. decreasing the level of difficulty
d. assigning homework to introduce concepts
Instruction objectives determine which one of the following?
a. a clear statement concerning what the student tis to accomplish
b. a brand perspective concerning learning goals for a school year
c. the repetition of depth of content covered
d. the span of the curriculum
According to research which one of the following is a common outcome of student who experienced day care?
a. assertiveness, independence, and compliance
b. assertiveness, independence, and less polite
c. self-confidence and polite
d. independence, politeness, and assertiveness
Teachers should base rules for the classroom on which one of the following factors?
a. the rules children's parents have in their home
b. the developmental stage of the children
c. what rules the children in the classroom determine as a group
d. what has traditionally be prescribed in schools
Student evaluation that is based upon a set criterion and not the performance of others is referred to as which one of the following?
d. summative evaluation