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27 terms

Mod A CH. 12, 13

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neuron
This was a one year term that was made up of two people. they could present ideas to the senate that they wanted to get passed, yet they both had to agree on the bill. you could get relected but not in consecutive years and after consel you went to the senate., a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
synapse
the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle
gial cell
a cell of the central nervous system that provides support for neurons and supplies them with some essential chemicals
neurological disorder
a disorder of the nervous system
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
lumbar puncture
removal by centesis of fluid from the subarachnoid space of the lumbar region of the spinal cord for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
sympathetic
showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity
parasympathetic nervous system
originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord
cns
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
# of paired spinal
31 PAIRS CARRIES MESSAGES TO AN FROM SPINAL CORD SUPPLIES MOST AREAS OF THE BODY WITH NERVES
crainal nerves
creates movement in head
name the lobes of the brain
frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, limbic, insular
cerebellum
a major division of the vertebrate brain
cerebrum
anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres
gyria
limit of rotation
autonomic nervous system
the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
types of reflexes
Stretch reflex, Tendon reflex, Flexor withdrawal reflex, Crossed extensor reflex
function of the olfactory
sense of smell
auditory
of or relating to the process of hearing
optic
the organ of sight
vagus nerves
The vagus nerves are very large mixed nerves (They carry both sensory input and motor input) that innervate virtually every visceral organ. They are especially important in transmitting parasympathetic input to the heart and digestive smooth muscle.
multiple scelerosis
T cells attack the myelin sheath> fatigue, tingling, numbness, problems with motor coordination, walking, talking
parkinson's disease
a progressive disease that destroys brain cells and is identified by muscular tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis
shingles
viral infection of sensory neurons serving the skin; scaly, painful blisters; caused by the same virus as chicken pox
herpes zoster
viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves, characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following the affected nerves, usually unilateral; also known as shingles
tic douloureaux
severe pain in lip, tongue or gums
cerebral palsy
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth