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507 terms

> 500 TOEFL Words

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Affinity
a natural attraction or feeling of kinship
fledgling
young and inexperienced
hackneyed
overused, cliched
incessant
never stopping
opulence
wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
proximity
nearness, closeness
sagacious
having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd
supplant
to take the place of, supersede
unassailable
impossible to dispute or disprove; undeniable
voluminous
large in volume or bulk
brusque
Abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
dispassionate
impartial; calm, free from emotion
effervescent
bubbly, lively
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
misanthrope
someone who dislikes people in general
morose
Gloomy; sullen
nonchalance
indifference, a showing of little interest
progeny
descendants, offspring, children, followers, disciples
stoic
seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain
voracious
having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively eager
coalesce
combine; fuse
decadence
decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
exemplary
outstanding, an example to others
exuberance
joyful enthusiasm
incidental
not essential; minor
insolvent
unable to pay bills; bankrupt
parsimonious
Excessively thrifty, stingy
prodigal
wasteful, a person given to extravagance
surreptitious
secret, stealthy
writhe
twist in coils; contort in pain
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
clemency
mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness
frivolous
not serious in content or attitude or behavior
heist
commit a burglary
lampoon
ridicule with satire
querulous
inclined to complain; irritable
reproach
a mild rebuke or criticism
respite
a pause for relaxation
torpor
dormancy; sluggishness; inactivity; drowziness
unscathed
wholly unharmed, not injured
copious
large in number or quantity (especially of discourse)
dearth
a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine
eloquent
persuasive and moving, especially in speech
jargon
specialized technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
levity
lightness of manner
meander
To wind and turn while proceeding in a course.
peripheral
marginal; outer
substantiate
to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to
unobstrusive
Acting in a manner that does not attract attention
vacillate
To sway from one side to the other; oscillate
appall
dismay; shock deeply
cognizant
aware; conscious
commiserate
to feel or express sympathy or compassion
expedient
serving to promote your interest
hindrance
block; obstacle
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
lavish
generous; extravagant
ludicrous
ridiculous, laughable, absurd
obtuse
dull of mind, insensitive, stupid
opaque
not clear
paucity
an insufficient quantity or number; scarcity; dearth
recapitulate
to summarize; to repeat briefly
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
assuage
make less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
censure
rebuke formally
diatribe
bitter verbal attack
edifice
a very large building
gravity
seriousness, importance
infraction
a breaking of a law or obligation
profane
showing disrespect toward God or sacred things
somber
dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit; morose
negligent
careless
scrutinize
To examine closely
clamor
utter or proclaim insistently and noisily
contract
squeeze or press together
duplicity
double-dealing, hypocrisy
equivocal
ambiguous; intentionally vague
irresolute
uncertain how to act or proceed
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
stagnant
not moving
uniform
consistent; unchanging; the same for everyone
untenable
not able to be defended
vilify
to speak evil of, defame
affable
easy-going; friendly
apocryphal
of questionable authority or authenticity
desultory
without a plan or purpose; disconnected; random
garbled
confused, mixed up
irascible
irritable, easily angered
loquacious
talkative, wordy; fond of talking
blasphemy
speech which offends religious sentiments
enmity
deep-seated hostility, often mutual
erroneous
incorrect, containing mistakes
garner
to gather and store
heretic
someone who goes against accepted religious beliefs
incite
provoke or stir up
languish
lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief
peruse
to read thoroughly and carefully
recluse
hermit; loner
renounce
leave (a job, post, post, or position) voluntarily
indelible
Cannot be removed, washed away or erased
duty
work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons
messy
dirty and disorderly
mend
the act of putting something in working order again
heal
provide a cure for, make healthy again
demise
a death, especially of a person in a lofty position
depleted
emptied; drained; used up
neat
clean or orderly
ruminate
ponder, reflect, mull over, muse
shrink
decrease in size, range, or extent
footstool
a low stool to rest the feet of a seated person
likely
has a good chance of being the case or of coming about
sway
move back and forth or sideways
mull
reflect deeply on a subject
resemble
appear like
concealed
put out of sight; hidden
wisdom
the trait of utilizing knowledge and experience with common sense and insight
wool
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
blazing
a strong flame that burns brightly
drowziness
state of being in torpor, sleepy
catering
providing food and services
wise
having or prompted by wisdom or discernment
deceive
to make someone believe something that is not true
shiv
a knife used as a weapon
flunk
fail to get a passing grade
impart
to make known, tell; to give, pass something on
knob
a round handle
fright
cause fear in
vanish
become invisible or unnoticeable
roll out
launch new products
seizing
the act of gripping something firmly with the hands
stem cell
unspecialized cell that can develop into a specialized cell under the right conditions
trite
repeated too often
embrace
take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own
remain
continue in a place, position, or situation
inmate
a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
lame
disabled in the feet or legs
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub
among
in, into, or through the midst of more than two points,objects, etc.
ease
make easier
snub
ignore, to treat with disdain or contempt
chimera
a grotesque product of the imagination
cease
put an end to a state or an activity
swath
A path or strip; the space created by the swing of a scythe or the cut of a mowing machine
ruse
an action designed to confuse or mislead, a trick
donor
person who makes a gift of property
snore
breathe noisily during one's sleep
muck
fecal matter of animals, fertilization
hold dear
be fond of, love
swamp
low land that is seasonally flooded
poultry
flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food
stark
Strong, severe
stage
any scene regarded as a setting for exhibiting or doing something
sage
having wisdom that comes with age and experience
stripes
Rayas, lines
hatch
emerge from the eggs
fast
abstaining from food
dye
a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
grief
something that causes great unhappiness
smear
spread, cover or spot with a sticky substance
breed
to raise and mate animals
decay
a gradual decrease
leery
suspicious; distrustful
dimple
a small natural hollow in the cheek or chin
blast
an explosion (as of dynamite)
pledge
give as a guarantee
deed
the official document transferring ownership from seller to buyer
rot
(biology) decaying caused by bacterial or fungal action
mole
a small congenital pigmented spot on the skin
groan
an utterance expressing pain or disapproval
blister
(pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
wart
(pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin
callus
thickened layer of skin
burden
Problem, trouble, an onerous or difficult concern
loaf
a shaped mass of baked bread
shriking
making a annoying noise
harsh
extremely unkind or cruel
rash
hasty, incautious, reckless
overwhelming
very intense
crotch
the angle formed by the inner sides of the legs where they join the human trunk
blade
the flat part of a tool or weapon that (usually) has a cutting edge
seam
joint consisting of a line formed by joining two pieces
upsetting
causing an emotional disturbance
screech
a high-pitched noise resembling a human cry
edge
the boundary of a surface
wedge
a block of wood used to prevent the sliding or rolling of a heavy object
hedge
a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes
lease
a contract granting use or occupation of property during a specified time for a specified payment
worthy
having high moral qualities
rekindle
to restart as in restarting a fire
sovereignty
power attributted to a country
burst
the act of exploding or bursting something
slaughter
kill a large number of people indiscriminately
gorgeous
magnificent, wonderful
stretch
make long, longer or bigger
spree
a lively or wild outburst of activity
bout
an occasion for excessive activity
captivity
the state of being imprisoned
spotter
a person employed to watch for something to happen
bobbing
moving up and down
gravel
rock fragments and pebbles
sentient
aware; conscious; able to perceive
binge
an occasion for excessive eating or drinking
blow
forceful exhalation through the nose or mouth
harm
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
plea
a humble request for help from someone in authority
claim
ask for legally, according to one's rights, as of debts, for example
pulled
attracted
haggle
to argue in a petty way, especially about a price
endowed
given from birth
thrifty
careful about money; economical
struck
(used in combination) affected by something overwhelming
sulky
(adj.) in a bad or nasty mood, resentful; gloomy; somber
tuckered
tired, exhausted
grim
stern, merciless; fierce, savage, cruel
grudge
to be unwilling to give
dire
causing fear or dread or terror
blunt
characterized by directness in manner or speech
stingy
selfishly unwilling to share with others
snail
freshwater or marine or terrestrial gastropod mollusk usually having an external enclosing spiral shell
slug
any of various terrestrial gastropods having an elongated slimy body and no external shell
dentures
artificial teeth
rinds
the chewy or crunchy outside layers on fruit. cheese, or meat
upbeat
pleasantly (even unrealistically) optimistic
fizz
an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic), make a hissling noise
gerbil
a small rodent that is often kept as a pet
wreck
smash or break forcefully
stale
showing deterioration from age
put up with
endure, tolerate, accept
steep
having a sharp inclination
wilted
to become limp from lack of water or too much heat
shed
pour out in drops or small quantities or as if in drops or small quantities
slope
an elevated geological formation
admonition
a firm rebuke
mere
nothing more than; only
hermit
one who lives in solitude, alone
mischievous
deliberately causing harm or damage
throw up
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
loony
informal or slang terms for mentally irregular, lunatic, insane
prank
childish trick
squalid
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect; morally degraded
whinning
crying like a child
stroll
a leisurely walk (usually in some public place)
clever
showing inventiveness and skill
puddle
something resembling a pool of liquid
greedy
wanting to eat or drink more than one can reasonably consume
rough
lacking refinement or finesse
keen
having a sharp cutting edge or point
dull
not having a sharp edge or point
soaked
when a cloth takes in water and becomes wet
dreary
depressing in character or appearance; gloomy
bribe
payment made to a person in a position of trust to corrupt his judgment
gloomy
depressingly dark; dreary
hen
female chicken
lagging
hang back or fall behind in movement, progress, development
wipe
to rub something lightly with a cloth or one's hand in order to clean it
frantic
excessively agitated
cock
adult male chicken
sate
fill to satisfaction
ribbing
the act of harassing someone playfully or maliciously (especially by ridicule)
bear
endure, support or hold in a certain manner
offspring
the immediate descendants of a person
dean
an administrator in charge of a division of a university or college
pouring
flowing profusely
barely
by a small margin
hasty
excessively quick
flaw
a slight fault, defect, crack
progeny
descendants, offspring, children, followers, disciples
couch
an upholstered seat for more than one person
screw
cause to penetrate, as with a circular motion
repent
feel remorse for
brash
presumptuously daring
thick
not thin
sly
stealthy, insidious, or secret; mischievous; foxy
spouting
propelled violently in a usually narrow stream
outnumber
be larger in number
squirm
to move in a twisting or contorted motion, (especially when struggling)
weird
strikingly odd or unusual
wriggle
to twist to and from; to squirm
regret
sadness associated with some wrong done or some disappointment
retreat
pull back or move away or backward; withdrawal
veal
meat from a calf
fidget
a feeling of agitation expressed in continual motion, move restlessly
hollow
having nothing inside
beg
call upon in supplication
bet
the act of gambling
beef
meat from an adult domestic bovine
peel
the rind of a fruit or vegetable
pinch
squeeze tightly between the fingers
calf
young of domestic cattle
lean
to incline or bend from a vertical position
shelter
a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger
misleading
tending to give a wrong idea, often on purpose
stooped
bend's one's head or body forward or downward
bend
form a curve
stir
to mix gently with a spoon in a rotary motion
maize
a type of corn
stiff
lacking ease in bending
rug
floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric (usually with nap or pile)
cartons
a box made of cardboard
hurtle
to move with great force and speed
mock
to laugh at, make fun of, or imitate in a teasing way
convey
make known
dairy
food made from milk
shore
support by placing against something solid or rigid
outward
toward the outside
flair
a natural talent
flare
brief blaze of light, signal light; outbreak
udder
mammary gland of bovids (cows and sheep and goats)
swallow
pass through the esophagus as part of eating or drinking
stride
the distance covered by a step
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
welfare
a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
limb
any projection that is thought to resemble an arm
soothed
calmed or comforted
relieve
alleviate or remove
concern
something that interests you because it is important or affects you
ailing
somewhat ill or prone to illness
trustworthy
worthy of trust or belief
grip
the friction between a body and the surface on which it moves (as between an automobile tire and the road)
herd
a group of animals of a single kind
widen
extend in scope or range or area
obey
be obedient to
preach
to speak puplicly in church; to deliver a sermon, to give a lecture
whipping
beating with a whip or strap or rope as a form of punishment
mug
rob at gunpoint or with the threat of violence
clam
burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud
gut
the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
burglary
breaking and entering for the purpose of committing a crime
crop
the yield from plants in a single growing season
cattle
domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
orchard
garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
turd
obscene terms for feces
harvest
the gathering of a ripened crop
quarrel
an angry dispute
hassle
an angry disturbance
steady
firmly fixed, constant, not subject to change or variation especially in behavior
strain
a lineage or race of people
clutch
a pedal or lever that engages or disengages a rotating shaft and a driving mechanism
stubborn
persisting in a reactionary stand
peak
the highest point (of something)
glazed
(of foods) covered with a shiny coating by applying e.g. beaten egg or a sugar or gelatin mixture
ground
broken or pounded into small fragments
dazzling
shining intensely
ripe
fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used
doze
sleep lightly; nap
dumb
lacking the power of human speech
deaf
lacking the sense of hearing wholly or in part
lead
a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element
rouse
to wake or provoke
sober
not affected by a chemical substance (especially alcohol)
sticky
having the properties of glue
unpleasant
desagradable
grated
To reduce something to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater.
arousal
Activation of the central nervous system, the autonomic nervous system, and the muscles and glands
copper
a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element
shoplift
steal in a store
rebuke
an act or expression of criticism and censure
thorn
a sharp-pointed tip on a stem or leaf
lump
a compact mass
settle
become established
mold
a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter
lurches
makes and uncontrolled series of movements
faint
a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
churning
moving with or producing or produced by vigorous agitation
draped
covered with or as if with clothes or a wrap or cloak
trousers
(usually in the plural) a garment extending from the waist to the knee or ankle, covering each leg separately
wholly
Completely.
sparkle
to give off small flashes of light
dare
a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardy
waist
the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips
flood
a large flow
bared
uncovered; exposed; revealed
savants
individuals with mental retardation who are extremely talented in one domain
slum
a district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions
sweepings
the act of cleaning with a broom
slump
fall heavily or suddenly
dawn
the earliest period, the first light of day
shingles
viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes blisters on the skin
endure
to carry on through despite hardships; to put up with
roaring
a very loud utterance (like the sound of an animal)
craze
an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
bind
fasten or secure with a rope, string, or cord
squeeze
to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
pursuit
the act of chasing or seeking
silk
a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
feather
the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
stare
a fixed look with eyes open wide
deter
try to prevent
bend
form a curve
denim
a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
partake
to take part; participate. Share.
slippers
low footwear that can be slipped on and off easily
coeds
a female student at a school for males and females.
miff
bad-tempered mood
curl
hair that is wrapped around the roller
scrawl
write carelessly
fancy
very nice looking; expensive
slash
a strong sweeping cut made with a sharp instrument
weeds
any plant that grows where yhou dont want it to
prudish
exaggeratedly proper
stunt
a difficult or unusual or dangerous feat
feat
a notable achievement
puffy
breathing heavily
defy
to challenge to do something considered impossible; refuse to obey
rely
have confidence or faith in
dainty
something considered pleasant to eat
dart
a small narrow piece of iron; move quickly
fair
a traveling show
cumbersome
difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight
garments
an article of clothing
rage
something that is desired intensely
rave
praise enthusiastically
vogue
the popular taste at a given time
fad
something that is very popular for a short time, then forgotten
thigh
the part of the leg between the hip and the knee
leniency
mercifulness as a consequence of being tolerant
mild
moderate in type or degree or effect or force
complaisant
showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
loosely
without regard to specific details or exceptions
heel
the back part of the human foot
sew
create (clothes) with cloth
awash
covered with water
tide
the periodic rise and fall of the sea level under the gravitational pull of the moon
wool
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
knack
a special talent or skill; ability to do something easily
whalebone
a horny material from the upper jaws of certain whales
uncanny
strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation
weave
create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton
groping
acting with uncertainty or hesitance or lack of confidence
folly
the quality of being rash and foolish
gauntlet
a glove with long sleeve
culprit
one guilty of a crime
leather
an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning
brag
an instance of boastful talk
boast
speaking of yourself in superlatives
paw
a clawed foot of an animal especially a quadruped
aisles
spaces for walking between row of seats
nave
the central area of a church
clumsy
lacking grace in movement or posture
silly
lacking seriousness
moss
tiny leafy-stemmed flowerless plants
praise
an expression of approval and commendation
devise
arrange by systematic planning and united effort
hobbling
walking awkwardly
limp
walk impeded by some physical limitation or injury
fetter
a shackle for the ankles or feet
shackle
A ring or band put around the arm or leg to prevent free movement
groovy
(British informal) very chic
wax
type of structural lipid consisting of a long fatty acid chain joined to a long alcohol chain
chuckle
laugh quietly or with restraint
giggle
to laugh in a silly or uncontrolled way
tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
jiggle
a slight irregular shaking motion
undergo
to endure; to experience
popsicle
ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
skewer
a long pin for holding meat in position while it is being roasted
downwind
towards the side away from the wind
porch
a structure attached to the exterior of a building often forming a covered entrance
bequest
(law) a gift of personal property by will
amenable
disposed or willing to comply
come about
happen
adamant
very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem
trustee
a person who manages another's property
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner
comprised
included; consisted of
haunt
be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place
besiege
surround so as to force to give up
vex
to confuse or annoy
amidst
Surrounded by; in the middle of
eerie
so strange as to inspire a feeling of fear
snap
the noise produced by the rapid movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand
ridge
A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains
fulfill
accomplish, satisfy, meet, suit
convict
find or declare guilty
stony
showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings
hail
precipitation of ice pellets when there are strong rising air currents
fringe
an ornamental border consisting of short lengths of hanging threads or tassels
spurious
intended to deceive, lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
intricate
complicated; difficult to understand
beneath
in a lower place; under; below
distress
psychological suffering
underneath
under or below an object or a surface
pun
a humorous play on words
touchy
irritable and looking for trouble
disgruntled
in bad humor; displeased; discontented
lousy
infested with lice
jeopardy
danger, risk, hazard, peril
drizzling
(of rain) falling lightly in very small drops
rust
the formation of reddish-brown ferric oxides on iron by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water
deputy
an assistant with power to act when his superior is absent
haze
atmospheric moisture or dust or smoke that causes reduced visibility
seal
make tight; stamp
odorless
having no odor
riddle
a difficult problem
poised
marked by balance or equilibrium and readiness for action
ladder
steps consisting of two parallel members connected by rungs
hue
the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
onset
a start or a beginning
clash
a state of conflict between persons, colors, objects
aftermath
the consequences of an event (especially a catastrophic event)
stun
to shock; to daze
rehearse
practice for a performance, repetition of items to be remembered.
crap
obscene terms for feces