Terms in this set (40)
Natural reaction of the mind and body to demand place on it --Pleasant of Unpleasant.
Eustress vs. Distress
Eustress is a stressor that is perceived to be positive.
Distress is a stressor that is perceived to be negative.
is prolonged unrelieved stress also called cumulative stress.
can be acute or chronic.
Critical Incident Stress (CIS)
A heavy duty stress that causes psychological and physical discomfort for 2 days to a month.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Creates major distress and long lasting disruptive changes in person's life.
Physiology of stress
A stressor that is in demand, real or imagined
A stressor that can be social, psychological, spritual/physical
Psychological changes are life saving.
A threat or demand is perceived and interpreted by the cerebral cortex.
3 parts of the nervous system
Central Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous system
Affects of Sympathetic Nervous System
Heart rate, Blood pressure, breathing, sweating
Huge blood flow changes
Senses and perception changes
Parasympathetic NC is turned off or reduced
Stress external to agency
Frustration with judicial system
Lack of consideration by the courts for scheduling officer appearance
Perceived lack of public support
Negative or distorted media coverage of policing
Officers dislike of the decisions and interest of city council, county commissioners, or legislature
Stress internal to agency
Policies that are offensive to officers
Poor training and inadequate career development opportunities
lack of identity and recognition for good performance
Poor economic benefits, working conditions, equipment
Stress in work itself
Rigors of shift work
frequent exposure to life's misery
Boredom, interrupted by the need for sudden action
fear and dangers of the job
constant responsibility for protecting other people
Stressor confronting the individual officer
Fears regarding job competence, individual success, and safety
Necessity to conform
Necessity to take a second job or to further education
altered social status in the community due to attitude changes
law enforcement personalities and characteristics
make a good safe officer but can often wreak havoc
hypervigilance--- state of hyper alertness
emotional control can result in the inability to emotionally engage at home
family and personal
Stressors related to the law enforcement career journey
begin career optimistic, enthusiastic, and idealistic
new experiences and relationships forged under challenges
non law enforcement friendships may fade
after graduation, a rookie loos to the veterans for how to to the job.
is the elevated alertness of surroundings required of law enforcement officers for survival.
Reticular Activating System (RAS)
Determines the the level of alertness necessary at any given time. Also engages the sympathetic nervous system causing heightened alertness and awareness increasing pulse, breathing body temperature, blood pressure, blood sugar and energy.
3 basic approaches to stress management
visualization- mental imagery
tactical breathing- breath for count of 4, hold for 4,exhale
progressive muscular relaxation
heart rates above 175 bpm
an officer may experience auditory changes, loss of peripheral vision, and depth perception
heart rates above 200 bpm
an officer may exhibit irrational behavior such as repetitive non productive activities.
Syptoms associated with High Symphathetic NS
time perception changes
hearing perception changes
heightened sense of alertness, elevated heart rate and breathing
Visualizing successful performance of skills in a variety of situations
Breath in for a count of 4, hold for count of 4 and exhale for count of 4.
5 phases of transition that experience traumatic events.
In a shooting
it is common department/investigative procedures to remove the gun from officer's possession as evidence
General US population statistics
Frequency of suicide in the US: 1 every 16 minutes
Women attempt more often, men more likely to complete suicide
Men more often use firearms; women more often use drugs or poisons.
Law enforcement statistics
1970-1999 has shown a gradual reduction of law enforcement felony deaths despite increasing gang activity, availability of automatic weapons, drug trafficking.
Risk Factors (SAD PERSONS)
previous exposure to suicide
social support system lacking
no spouse or significant other
Other Suicidal thoughts of officers
Loss/change in important relationship
expresses hopelessness, depression, guilt
change in sleep and/ or appetite
minimal social support
alcohol/ substance abuse
legal problems/financial problems
talks about death or wanting to die
Don't keep a secret
Find someone to stay with the person
23% of the officers had serious alcohol problems and 10% had serious drug problems.
Had 53% that came to work with a hangover, and that the "average" officer drank alcohol on the job almost eight days every half year.
Drives officers to seek extreme means to help them relax.
Symptoms of Drug and Alcohol abuse
failed attempts to cut back or quit for whatever reason
difficulty enjoying life
drink alcohol or frequently hung over on job
need a drink to get going
coworker can help in 4 ways
be aware and recognize the problem
urge the person to seek help
encourage the person after they seek help
keep in mind that avoiding the problem only contributes
consequences of drug abuse
increased risks of liver cancer, hepatitis, hypertension
symptoms of steroid use
mood swings and increased aggressiveness
voice lowering ( in females)
increases in facial and body hair
above normal gains in muscles
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