APWH AMSCO Chapter 10: East Asia in the Post-Classical Period
Terms in this set (52)
Chinese system during the Tang dynasty in which the goal was to ensure an equitable distribution of land.
The most important new crop introduced into China during the Tang and Song periods was
preliminary shift away from an agricultural economy; workers become full or part-time producers who worked at home in a capitalist system in which materials, work, orders, and sales depended on urban merchants; prelude to the Industrial Revolution.
they enabled merchants to deposit good or cash at one location and draw the equivalent in cash or merchandise elsewhere in China
legal currency issued on paper; it developed in China as a convenient alternative to metal coins
new technology used during Age of Exploration, brought from China, let sailors know which direction was north at any time
Steering device, usually a vertical blade attached to a post at, or near, the stern of the boat
A very large flatbottom sailing ship produced in the Tang and Song Empires, specially designed for long-distance commercial travel.
earliest form of the printing press
a family made up of parents and their children
Extensive adaptation of Chinese culture in other regions; typical of Korea and Japan, less typical of Vietnam.
A form of marriage in which men have more than one wife
Empress Wu's grandson; under his rule, Chinese porcelain became famous as "china"
(713-756 CE)- built a new captital, Chang-an. External enemies were more active. After his reign there was rebellion in Tang Dynasty which led to civil wars.
one of Yang Guifei's proteges, that launched a rebellion in 755 and briefly seized the capitol of Chang'an. When the rebellion was stopped, Yang Guifei was put to death.
Class that controlled much land and provided most candidates for civil service; replaced the old landed aristocracy as the political and economic elite of Chinese Dynasty; Agricultural society
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
(589-618 CE) The Chinese dynasty that was like the Qin Dynasty in imposing tight political discipline; this dynasty built the Grand Canal which helped transport the rice in the south to the north.
The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire.
Capital of later Song dynasty; located near East China Sea; permitted overseas trading; population exceeded 1 million.
(618-907 CE) The Chinese dynasty that was much like the Han, who used Confucianism. This dynasty had the equal-field system, a bureaucracy based on merit, and a Confucian education system.
Term applied to the rich agricultural lands of the Yangtze River
Kingdom during period in which the Tang Dynasty conquered Korea and views China as their overlord
A system in which, from the time of the Han Empire, countries in East and Southeast Asia not under the direct control of empires based in China nevertheless enrolled as tributary states, acknowledging the superiority of the emperors in China.
During this Chinese dynasty (960 - 1279 AD) China saw many important inventions. There was a magnetic compass; had a navy; traded with india and persia (brought pepper and cotton); paper money, gun powder; landscape black and white paintings
Southern Song Dynasty
The ____________________________ was established after the downfall of the Northern Song Dynasty. The ___________________________ was not a large political state, being carved out of the pre-existing structures of the Tang and Northern Song Dynasties. However, the cultural explosion of the _______________________ was enough to classify it as one of the most vibrant cultural settings in the world, despite its brief existence. The downfall of the _______________________ was the Mongolians. The king of the Mongolians, Kublai Khan, established a new dynasty, the Yuan and invaded Lin'an, the Song capital. This attack climaxed with the downfall of the ______________________.
(627- 649) He reconquerored the northern and western land that China had since the decline of the Han Dynasty. He started the achievements of the Tang Dynasty.
Founder of the Song Dynasty. Unable to reconquer the northwestern part of the country from the nomadic Khitan peoples.
The capital city in China under the Tang dynasty was?
capital city of the Song dynasty
(1279-1368 CE) The dynasty with Mongol rule in China; centralized with bureaucracy but structure is different: Mongols on top->Persian bureaucrats->Chinese bureaucrats.
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
Warrior clan whose most powerful warrior, Minamoto Yoritomo, defeated several rivals and strengthened the state of the Kamakura peninsula where he set up his power base. He created a centralized gov. under a powerful military leader.
A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name
Class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land.
The capital of Korea in the medieval era, modeled on the Chinese capital of Chang'an
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
a former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission
one of the invaders from the north-east, their invasion/betrayal weakened the Tang dynasty and added to their downfall
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household.
most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings.
One of the main Chinese poets during the Tang dynasty. He was the Confucian poet of Tang China.
A blending of Buddhism from India with Taoism from China. It is predominately practiced in China and Japan.
term that describes the resurgence of Confucianism and the influence of Confucian scholars during the Tang Dynasty; a unification of Daoist or Buddhist metaphysics with Confucian pragmatism
The key figure in the effort to centralize their authority so that they could mount a more effective resistance in the event of a Chinese invasion. He was also a leading aristocrat in one of the dominant clans in the Yamoto region. Died in 622.
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
They were a powerful family of regents in Japan that monopolized the regent positions. They dominated the government of Japan 794-1160. There is no clear starting point of their dominance. However, their domination of civil administration was lost by the establishment of the first shogunate.
Japan's first capital city modeled on the Chinese capital city of Chang'an
Capital city of Japan under the Yamato emperors, later called Kyoto; built in order to escape influence of Buddhist monks; patterned after ancient imperial centers of China; never fully populated
___________________ was a Japanese novelist, poet, and a maid of honor of the imperial court during the Heian period. She is best known as the author of The Tale of Genji, written in Japanese between about 1000 and 1008, one of the earliest novels in human history.
The Tale of Genji
first novel in any language; relates life history of prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor's son; evidence for mannered style of the Japanese society.
The Feudal Japanese code of honor among the warrior class.
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