Characteristics of Byzantine Art
Serene, unrealistic, clothing, RELIGIOUS
First Byzantine Emperor
Culture that places little emphasis to human achievements but devotion to the gods
Justinian's general; recovers lost Western Roman Empire from Germanic tribes
Claimed to be the head of the Roman Empire, Emperor during the golden age
Code of Justinian
Served the empire for 900 years; cleared up confusion regarding old and new Roman laws
Achievements of Justinian
Built Public Works:
Hagia Sophia- largest church in the Christian World at the time
Hippodrome- chariot racing and circus acts
Crushed Rebellions and Restored Stability:
The Great Schism
The permanent division of Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Leading bishop of the east, answers to Emperor, first among equals
Byzantine Influence on Slavs
Eastern Orthodox Christianity; Cyrillic alphabet
Mass is in Latin, divorce not allowed, priests must be celibate, popes claim spiritual authority overrides temporal(emperor)
Leader, without equal
Mass in vernacular, divorce allowed in certain circumstances, priests can marry, emperor has authority over patriarch
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