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15 terms

Byantine

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Characteristics of Byzantine Art
Serene, unrealistic, clothing, RELIGIOUS
Constantine
First Byzantine Emperor
Theocentric
Culture that places little emphasis to human achievements but devotion to the gods
Belisarius
Justinian's general; recovers lost Western Roman Empire from Germanic tribes
Justinian
Claimed to be the head of the Roman Empire, Emperor during the golden age
Code of Justinian
Served the empire for 900 years; cleared up confusion regarding old and new Roman laws
Achievements of Justinian
Built Public Works:
Hagia Sophia- largest church in the Christian World at the time
Hippodrome- chariot racing and circus acts
Crushed Rebellions and Restored Stability:
Nika Rebellion
The Great Schism
The permanent division of Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Patriarch
Leading bishop of the east, answers to Emperor, first among equals
Iconoclasts
Icon breakers
Excommunication
Church outcast
Byzantine Influence on Slavs
Eastern Orthodox Christianity; Cyrillic alphabet
Roman Catholicism
Mass is in Latin, divorce not allowed, priests must be celibate, popes claim spiritual authority overrides temporal(emperor)
Pope
Leader, without equal
Eastern Orthodox
Mass in vernacular, divorce allowed in certain circumstances, priests can marry, emperor has authority over patriarch