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Social Psychology- Chapter 10
Terms in this set (26)
Actions intended to benefit others. Complicated.
Preferential helping of genetic relatives which results in the greater likelihood that genes held in common will survive. ex. help those who are like us, identical helps more then fraternal
Helping because it increases the likelihood of being helped in return. - scratch my back and ill scratch yours.
Understanding or vicariously experiencing another individuals perspective and feeling sympathy and compassion for that individual.
cognitive: Take perspective of other person
emotional: Experience other oriented feelings
Why does empathy help?
It makes you feel good/ better.
Negative state relief model
The proposition that people help others in order to counteract their own feelings of sadness. feeling guilty/ sad= more likely to help others.
Help that is motivated by the desire to improve anothers welface
Twin study on altuism
Common enviornment and little thought. Reacting genetic predispositions, why phrase?
Motivated by the desire to increase ones own welfare.
we get something out of it (even if it feels good)
People failed to help died and was stabbed 17 times
The bystander effect
Whereby the presence of others inhibits helping.
ex. kitty, no one called for help assumed it was coming
The steps to helping
Noticing, interpreting, taking responsibility, Deciding how to help, providing help
1. Emergency situartion?
What gets involved?Distraction, inattention, self concerns
2. Event is an emergency?
ambiguity; diabetic acoma?
Relationship comes into play
The state in which people in a group mistakenly think that their own individual thoughts/ feelings are different from others. ex. smoke filled room study (Darly) 2
3. 7 helpers, less responsibility
animity: Dont know, less likely to intervene and feel responsible
- promote anonymity help people like us
- Closer you feel more likely to help them
Diffusion of Responsibility
The belief that others will or should take the responsibility for providing assistance to a person in need 3
Deciding how to help
Step 4. Bystanders are more likely to help when they feel competent to do so. ex. geneds, nursing students, nurses helping in emergencies
Step 5. Get help in a crowd. Single out individuals
eye contact, pointing, direct requests
Reluctance to help for fear of making a bad impression on observers. ex. look like a fool, costs exceeds rewards
Why feeling good leads to doing good
What puts you in a good mood, positive expectations/ thoughts
Why feeling good might not lead to doing good
costs of hleping are high, positive thoughts conflict with helping
When negative moods make us more likely to help others
If we take responsibility for what caused our bad mood, if we focus on people, personal values promote helping
When negative moods make us less likely to help others
If we blame others for our bad mood, self-focused, personal values do not promote helping, cant always be the best.
Who helps who?
Altruistic personality, empathy, moral reasoning( understand sitatution), just world( life is fair)
Who is helped the most?
Attractive, friendly, similar, women
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