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4. in his 2nd term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT
c. the defeat of minimum wage and maximum hour legislation
5. which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
a. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
6. a short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, school, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
7. The Artist of this cartoon is commenting upon which of the following topics?
d. the first lady's unusually active involvement in politics which included increasing the rights of women
9. Francis Townsend Advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
a. all Americans over the age of 60
10. Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
support strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones
13. Criticisms of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration included each of the following EXCEPT
- Contributing to Dust Bowl conditions on the Great Plains
15. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
- Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies
16. The bonus army that came to Washington in 1932 was made up of
- WWI veterans who lobbied Congress
17) The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by
promoting cooperation between business and labor
the individual who was most responsible for promoting African American rights during the New Deal was
) Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who
reduced their crop production
The Farm Security Administration was designed to C
help tenant farmers and sharecroppers buy their own land
Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional
National Recovery Act
The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain
Which New Deal agency was designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the
Farm Security Administration
The NRA encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT
the appeal for patriotic public support fell on death ears
During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, EXCEPT
propose government ownership of major industries
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.
2. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to
end the war quickly
9. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?
Complete trade embargo with all belligerents
14. The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of
constantly strained by significant ideological differences
20. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?
Battle of the Coral Sea
21. During 1940- 1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by
applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo
The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was
A. Philip Randolph
The American fleet at Pearl Harbor was caught by surprise when Japan attacked because
of human miscalculations and mistakes
. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as
29. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain
relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys
30. The Good Neighbor Policy promised Latin American countries
a cooperative, rather than paternalistic, relationship with the US
31. The United States' response to Japan's invasion of Manchuria was
to refuse to recognize Japan's seizure of the territory
19) The pamphlet shown above was tupical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?
a. the cold war
21) American policy toward Japan after World War II.
c. brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy
22) The Marshall Plan proposed
c. the infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europe
23) At the ______Conference, the victorious Allied powers decided to take reparations from their own occupation zones in Germany.
25) George Kennan's containment policy proposed
e. American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies
26) The defense policy statement known as NSC-68
c. advocated a massive expansion of the American military
27) During the Korean War, General Douglas MacArthur
b. was overconfident and gave Truman bad advice
29) President Eisenhower's first serious foreign policy crisis came when
e. Egypt seized the Suez Canal.
2. The National Defense Educational Act was passed in response to
a. The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union
3. An organization founded by Martin Luther King, Jr. to promote civil rights was the
a. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950s television was the
a. Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming
5. Which one of the following Eisenhower appointees is INCORRECTLY matched with his job?
a. Richard Nixon/Secretary of State
8. A major point of agreement among those concerned with education in the 1950s was their belief in the need for
a. A college education
12. The first president to attempt seriously to alter the historic pattern of racial discrimination in the United States was
a. Harry Truman
13. During the Eisenhower administrations, Congress
a. Was not subject to intensive lobbying by the president
Which of the following was NOT a component of President Truman's Fair Deal program:
an interstate highway system
22) The best description of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's political perspective was: "
The beginning of active African-American protest against discrimination occurred in:
29) President Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforce the desegregation of the public schools in:
Little Rock, Arkansas
The NAACP lawyer who argued the Brown v. Board of Education decision before the Supreme Court was:
Sputnik, the earth satellite put into orbit by the Soviet Union in 1957, was capable of:
transmitting a "beep...beep...beep" radio signal
1. A former Harvard psychology professor who encouraged young people to experiment with drugs was
2. In Vietnam, American military strategists counted heavily on the benefits
of massive American firepower
3. In his program of health care, President Lyndon Johnson secured
established of the Medicare program for the elderly
5. The first sign of student rebellion came in the fall of 1964 at the
University of California at Berkley
7. The Soviet leader with whom both Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy had to deal was
8. The main premise of General William Westmoreland's strategy in Vietnam
was to wage a war of attrition against the Communists
9. President Kennedy became extremely frustrated when the leaders
of the steel industry decided to raise prices
10. American foreign policy hawks believe that the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis
justified a policy of nuclear superiorityq
11. The building of the Berlin War in 1961 was meant to keep
East Germans from migrating to the West
15. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson sent American soldiers to the
Dominican Republican in order to prevent a Communist takeover there
22. In 1963 event pictured above
was sponsored by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who delivered his I have a dream speech. This issues being highlighted by this event were addressed by which of the following Civil Rights Acts of 1964
23. Lyndon Johnson sought the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to demonstrate
to the North Vietnamese and his political opponents, his determination to take a tough stance in Vietnam
25. President Kennedy's most controversial Cabinet appointment involved his choice for
26. Lyndon Johnson must bear great responsibility for the American
problems in the Vietnam War because he failed to confront the American people with the stark truth of the war
27. Critical to FK victory in the election of 1960 was
his success in televised debates against Richard Nixon
28. The American experience in the Tet Offensive
led Lyndon Johnson to begin an effort to open peace negotiations with the Communists
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