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123 terms

unit test

1. Hoover believed that efforts to relieve human suffering
a. Should come from private charities
2. the sit down strike
d. was first used against General Motors in 1936
4. in his 2nd term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT
c. the defeat of minimum wage and maximum hour legislation
5. which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
a. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
6. a short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, school, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
7. The Artist of this cartoon is commenting upon which of the following topics?
d. the first lady's unusually active involvement in politics which included increasing the rights of women
8. Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees, build bridges, and fish ponds by the
9. Francis Townsend Advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
a. all Americans over the age of 60
10. Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
support strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones
11. The Social Security Act of 1935
c. was a fundamentally conservative measure
12. Huey Long advocated
sharing the wealth
13. Criticisms of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration included each of the following EXCEPT
- Contributing to Dust Bowl conditions on the Great Plains
14. The social and economic effects of the Depression
- Hit the middle class especially hard
15. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
- Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies
16. The bonus army that came to Washington in 1932 was made up of
- WWI veterans who lobbied Congress
17) The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by
promoting cooperation between business and labor
Hoover's response to the Depression could best be described as
the individual who was most responsible for promoting African American rights during the New Deal was
harry hopkins
) Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who
reduced their crop production
The Farm Security Administration was designed to C
help tenant farmers and sharecroppers buy their own land
Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional
National Recovery Act
The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain
Which New Deal agency was designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the
Farm Security Administration
The NRA encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT
the appeal for patriotic public support fell on death ears
Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?
The TVA was designed to
bring modernization and jobs to desolate areas of the upper rural south
During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, EXCEPT
propose government ownership of major industries
Father Coughlin's radio sermons
contained blatant Anti-Semitic references
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.
The first woman Cabinet member was
Francis Perkins
Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretary of state was
Cordell Hull
2. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to
end the war quickly
3. Britain and France responded to initial German aggression by attempting
to appease hitler
6. United States troops first went into combat against German troops in
North Africa
7. Supporters of the Kellogg-Briand Pact hoped it would
initiate the process of outlawing war
8. With the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, President Roosevelt
declared American neutrality
9. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?
Complete trade embargo with all belligerents
10. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president
11. During World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan were collectively known as the ____ powers
12. The Munich Conference considered Germany's demands on
the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia
13. The German invasion of the Soviet Union was turned back at
14. The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of
14. The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of
constantly strained by significant ideological differences
16. The general chosen to command the Allied invasion of France was
Dwight D. Eisenhower
17. The Fascist dictator of Italy was
Benito Mussolini
18. In 1931, the illusion of peace was shattered by the Japanese invasion of
19. The United States' strategy against Japan in the Pacific can be described as
guerilla warfare
20. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?
Battle of the Coral Sea
21. During 1940- 1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by
applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo
The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was
A. Philip Randolph
The American fleet at Pearl Harbor was caught by surprise when Japan attacked because
of human miscalculations and mistakes
. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as
27. The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed when Italy invaded
29. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain
relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys
30. The Good Neighbor Policy promised Latin American countries
a cooperative, rather than paternalistic, relationship with the US
31. The United States' response to Japan's invasion of Manchuria was
to refuse to recognize Japan's seizure of the territory
32. The Lend- Lease Act of 1941
ensured the British easier access to American war supplies
17) The crucial issue discussed at the Potsdam Conference invoved
b. war reparations
18) At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was
e. strongly supported by the Soviet Union
19) The pamphlet shown above was tupical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?
a. the cold war
20) George Kennan believed firmly that
c. American foreign policy should be left to the experts
21) American policy toward Japan after World War II.
c. brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy
22) The Marshall Plan proposed
c. the infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europe
23) At the ______Conference, the victorious Allied powers decided to take reparations from their own occupation zones in Germany.
e. Potsdam
24) The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in
c. Greece and Turkey
25) George Kennan's containment policy proposed
e. American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies
26) The defense policy statement known as NSC-68
c. advocated a massive expansion of the American military
27) During the Korean War, General Douglas MacArthur
b. was overconfident and gave Truman bad advice
28) The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of 1948
a. Strom Thurmond
29) President Eisenhower's first serious foreign policy crisis came when
e. Egypt seized the Suez Canal.
1. In 1953, Eisenhower appointed ____________ as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
a. Earl Warren
2. The National Defense Educational Act was passed in response to
a. The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union
3. An organization founded by Martin Luther King, Jr. to promote civil rights was the
a. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950s television was the
a. Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming
5. Which one of the following Eisenhower appointees is INCORRECTLY matched with his job?
a. Richard Nixon/Secretary of State
6. Eisenhower's legislative record could be characterized as
a. Very modest
8. A major point of agreement among those concerned with education in the 1950s was their belief in the need for
a. A college education
9. The first U.S. Satellite placed in Earth's orbit was
a. Explorer
10. The 1950s in American were characterized by
a. A new affluence and economic good times
12. The first president to attempt seriously to alter the historic pattern of racial discrimination in the United States was
a. Harry Truman
13. During the Eisenhower administrations, Congress
a. Was not subject to intensive lobbying by the president
) A striking feature of the culture of the 1950s was:
the abundance of self-criticism
The tone for the so-called "beat" movement was set by the novelist
: Jack Kerouac
The one significant legislative achievement of the Eisenhower years was the
: Highway Act of 1956
Which of the following was NOT a component of President Truman's Fair Deal program:
an interstate highway system
22) The best description of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's political perspective was: "
Moderate Republicanism"
The beginning of active African-American protest against discrimination occurred in:
Montgomery, Alabama
26) The dominant social theme of the 1950s was:
27) During the Truman administration:
an order for desegregation of the armed forces was issued
29) President Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforce the desegregation of the public schools in:
Little Rock, Arkansas
30) The Deep South responded to court-ordered desegregation:
with massive resistance
The NAACP lawyer who argued the Brown v. Board of Education decision before the Supreme Court was:
Thurgood Marshall
Sputnik, the earth satellite put into orbit by the Soviet Union in 1957, was capable of:
transmitting a "beep...beep...beep" radio signal
1. A former Harvard psychology professor who encouraged young people to experiment with drugs was
Timothy Leary
2. In Vietnam, American military strategists counted heavily on the benefits
of massive American firepower
3. In his program of health care, President Lyndon Johnson secured
established of the Medicare program for the elderly
4. Lyndon Johnson's domestic program was called
the Great Society
5. The first sign of student rebellion came in the fall of 1964 at the
University of California at Berkley
6. The Supreme Court decision banning school prayer was
Engle v. Vitale
7. The Soviet leader with whom both Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy had to deal was
Nikita Khrushchev
8. The main premise of General William Westmoreland's strategy in Vietnam
was to wage a war of attrition against the Communists
9. President Kennedy became extremely frustrated when the leaders
of the steel industry decided to raise prices
10. American foreign policy hawks believe that the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis
justified a policy of nuclear superiorityq
11. The building of the Berlin War in 1961 was meant to keep
East Germans from migrating to the West
12. JFK domestic program was known as the
New Frontier
13. The loser of the presidential election of 1960 was
Richard Nixon
14. The man selected to serve as secretary of defense by JFK was
Robert McNamara
15. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson sent American soldiers to the
Dominican Republican in order to prevent a Communist takeover there
17. In general American tactics in the Vietnam
war were ill-suited for the type of war being fought
19. For the United States, the turning point of the Vietnam War was the
Tet Offensive
20. Lyndon Johnson's political downfall resulted primarily fromr
his obsession with the Vietnam Wa
21. The _____ was important stimulus for social change in the early 1960s
Supreme Court
22. In 1963 event pictured above
was sponsored by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who delivered his I have a dream speech. This issues being highlighted by this event were addressed by which of the following Civil Rights Acts of 1964
23. Lyndon Johnson sought the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to demonstrate
to the North Vietnamese and his political opponents, his determination to take a tough stance in Vietnam
24. American bombing of North Vietnam
generally failed to accomplish anything
25. President Kennedy's most controversial Cabinet appointment involved his choice for
attorney general
26. Lyndon Johnson must bear great responsibility for the American
problems in the Vietnam War because he failed to confront the American people with the stark truth of the war
27. Critical to FK victory in the election of 1960 was
his success in televised debates against Richard Nixon
28. The American experience in the Tet Offensive
led Lyndon Johnson to begin an effort to open peace negotiations with the Communists
29. JFk played down civil rights legislation because
he feared alienating Southern Democrats
30. Civil rights leader stokely Carmichael
31. Which of the following regions was not a foreign policy crisis for JFK
32. Which one of the following groups sponsored the freedom riders