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Key features of language
-arbitrary (rarely sound like their meanings)
- has additive structure (words = sentences = paragraph)
- can be analyzed in various ways
- is productive (nearly endless combos of words)
- dynamic, constantly changing, evolving
Developed by Noam Chomsky, describes organization of language which differentiates superficial of word arrangement and the meaning of the words
Theory of linguistic relativity
Developed by Benjamin Lee Whorf, Edward Sapir, says speakers of different languages develop different cognitive systems
rule of thumb is judged by what events come most to mind (airplanes are more dangerous than cars)
judge objects and events in terms of how closely they match their prototype (putting everything in a little box, discrimination)
tendency to think we would have acted perfectly once looking back or knowing all the facts
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