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______ emerges as a world leader
Japan emerges as a world leader during WWI on the side of the Allies
began a military campaign to reunite China under a national government after Sun's death
_______ & _______ work together against Japan
Mao Zedong & Chiang Kai-shek work together against Japan
_______ wanted to rebuild the Roman Empire & invaded _______
Mussolini wanted to rebuild the Roman Empire ------> invades Ethiopia, League of Nations only institutes sanctions, later also took Albania
"living space", Hitler rearms Germany, gets out of the League of Nations, violates the Treaty of Versailles
German & Italian alliance, shows support of Francisco Franco of Spanish Civil War, this is practice before WW2
prime minister of Great Britain who met with Hitler to seek a solution to the Czech crisis, Sudetenland told to join the German Reich but they refuse
prime minister of France who told Chamberlain to give away the land at the Munich Conference
Hitler demands the _____ ______ but France & Britain refuse to allow this
Hitler demands the "Polish Corridor" but Britain & France refuse to allow this
September 1, 1939
German forces attack Poland -----> Britain & France declare war on Germany, Poland taken in 4 weeks
Germany's powerful & superior air force, later bomb cities & civilians during Hitler's invasion of Great Britain
______ invades Poland from the east & agrees to divide Poland w/ Germany, later they also take ______
Russia invades Poland & later takes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, & parts of Finland
individuals within a country who secretly aid the enemy by spying, spreading enemy propaganda, & committing sabotage (happened to Norway)
______ bypassed all British & French soldiers by going through heavy fortifications
Germans bypassed all French & British soldiers by going through heavy fortifications
Mussolini sees Allie trouble & invades _____
Egypt (where Mussolini sees Allie trouble and invades), British push Italy out, take troops & valuable material
brilliant German commander known as the "Desert Fox", sent by Hitler to help Mussolini, later accused of conspiring to kill Hitler in 1944, given a choice of trial or suicide, chooses suicide
______ becomes the new prime minister of Britain
Churchill becomes the new prime minister of Britain
authorized the President to sell military supplies to any country whose security was important to the US
document setting forth "common principles" on which the US and Britain based their hopes for a better world future
Hitler violated the pact with ______
Stalin, (Hitler violated the pact w/ Stalin for lebensraum ("living space") & natural resources
German attack on Russia fails b/c.....
Russian winters defeat the Germans, scorched-earth policy, Battle for Stalingrad
fanatical militarist who became the dictator of Japan, signs a nonaggression pact w/ Russia
famous quotes about the attack on Pearl Harbor
"date which will live in infamy" - Franklin Roosevelt, "sleeping giant" - Japanese admiral Yamamoto
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
American who landed on the Algerian coast & Sicily, North Africa is won for the Allies
Casablanca, Morocco meeting
Churchill & Roosevelt want nothing less than "unconditional surrender" by the Axis
invasion of France by US & Britain, deceived the Germans as to where the attack would be
June 6, 1944
Eisenhower ordered the attack to proceed on 5 different Normandy beaches, greatest amphibious operation in history
General Douglas MacArthur
American commander who vowed, "I shall return" to the Philippines after surrender to the Japanese (Bataan Death March later occured in the Philippines b/c of Japanese takeover)
_______ take a lot of land = too much for them to cover
Japanese take a lot of land = too much for them to cover
_______ returns to Philippines ------> Battle of Leyte Gulf
General MacArthur returns to Philippines -----> Battle of Leyte Gulf
Battle of the Bulge
wasted much of Germany's strength & hastened the end of the war, last effort by Hitler
Harry Truman - President after Roosevelt, Clement Attlee - new prime minister after Churchill, issued an ultimatum to Japan
Little Boy - dropped on Hiroshima in August 1945, Fat Man - dropped on Nagasaki after Japan refused to surrender
designed to maintain international peace & security, Isaiah 2:4 is inscribed on the building in New York
3 major bodies in the UN
1) Secretariat - administrative arm of the UN, 2) General Assembly - all member nations are represented to debate world issues, 3) Security Council - embodies the executive, or enforcement, power of the UN
1) privately owned business with government control, 2) highly nationalistic, 3) military dictatorship, 4) glorifies the state
1) government owns & controls business, 2) seeks classless, international society, 3) "dictatorship of the proletariat", 4) teaches that the state will gradually wither away
leader of the Fascist party in Italy, became the premier of Italy, il Dulce - "leader" or "commander"
president of the Weimar Republic, asked Hitler to join the coalition and made him chancellor
artist paints how he feels rather than realistically portraying the object, color is key
poet who portrayed the desolation & meaninglessness of modern life, "The Waste Land" & "The Hollow Men"
presented central characters as passive figures victimized by uncontrollable surroundings
Statute of Westminister
declared Canada, Australia, New Zealand, & South Africa to be "autonomous communities"
programs of relief, recovery, & reform; increased power of the Bureaucracy - the non-elected officials who handle government affairs
characteristics of totalitarian states
1) use of propaganda, 2) use of secret police, 3) emphasis on goals of state, 4) state control of every aspect of life, 5) government maintained by force, 6) one-party political system
attempted to suppress revolutionary ideas & activities; censorship, pogroms - organized government massacres of the Jews
government soldiers opened fire on unarmed marchers; 200,000 singing people asking for reform
leader of the Bolsheviks, believed in violent revolutions, student of Karl Marx, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (ended war with Germany)
leader of the Communist "Red Army", opponents were the White Army which was supported by the US
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