467 terms

Finals US History

1. Britain's adoption of mercantilism polices set it apart from other European powers of the seventeenth century
2. Among the enumerated articles of the navigation act of 1660 was tobacco
3. John Locke's writing justified revolution in some cases
4. Colonial governors' retained powers and prerogatives that the king no longer had
5. Of the great colonial wars of the eighteenth century, king Williams's war was the fourth
6. The New England colonies were hurt more that the southern colonies in the colonial wars of the first half of the eighteenth century
7. The seven years war was truly a world war
8. The quartering act required the colonies to provide provisions and barrack for British soldiers
9. The sugar act affected more Americans than the stamp act and therefore generated more protest
10. John Adams defended the British soldiers accused of murder in the Boston massacre
11.Colonial boycotts had limited popular support and no significant of murder in the Boston massacre
12. Colonial boycotts had limited popular support and no significant effects on the British trade
13. The fighting at Lexington and concord started the revolutionary war
14. The Germans mercenaries hired to fight the American rebel were known as Prussians
15. John and Sam Adams, the "patriot brothers of Philadelphia" urged their fellow colonist to reject the argument of the common sense
16. Thomas Jefferson was the chief author of the declaration of independence
17. The first conflicts of the American Revolution took place in South Carolina
18. During the revolution, loyalists came exclusively from the elite rank of society
20. Inflation was a big problem
21. Before the revolution was over, the British were fighting the Spanish, the French, and the Dutch, as well as the Americans.
22. After 1778, most of the fighting in the revolution was done in the south.
23. Benedict Arnold, originally a British officer, switched to the American side halfway through the was
24. The articles of confederation left many powers to the states.
25. Except in Virginia, the Anglican Church was disestablished before the revolutionary war was over
26. The ultimate source of legal authority
The King
27. Mercantilism involved
Government's attempt to maintain to favorable balance of trade
28. The navigation acts did all of the following
• Cause resentment among Americas
• Increase customs revenue collected in England
• Prove difficult to enforce
• Date back to the period of Cromwell's rule
NOT increase trade with England's rivals
John Locke contract theory of government argued that
men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to liberty,life and property
During the revolution, loyalist came exclusively from elite rank of society
a writ of assitance was
a blanket search warrant that did not specify the place to be searched
during the period of salutary neglect
the british government took less of a role in governing the american colonies
the spanish colonies in north america failed in part because
the regions lacked gold and silver of central and south america
french colonies in north america
established cooperative relations with the indians
the missionary priests who so energetically served in new france were:
by 1750, the french population in north america
was vastly outnumbered by the english
of the four major wars involving the european powers and their new world colonies, the climatic conflict
the french and indian war
the french and indian war was triggered by:
conflicting french and english claims to the ohio valley
as a result of the 1763 treaty of paris, britian aquired______ from spain
as a result of its defeat in the war, france
lost all of its territory in north america
at the end of the war, new orleans and all of the french lands west of the mississippi
went to spain
in retrospect, britain's victory in the french and indian war
led to the loss of its american colonies about twenty years later
as a result of the french and indian war
a sense of american nationalism was developing
the triumph of what britian called the great war saw americans
celebrating as joyously as londoners
the sugar act of 1764
taxed imports in order to raise revenue
the currency act of 1764
prohibited the colonies from making their currency legal tender
in the long run, the most important item taxed by the townshed acts was
the bostonians described"supreme genius of revolutionary agitation" was
samuel adams
the boston massacre
grew out of crowd reaction and heckling of british soldiers in boston
in pennsylvania,the paxton boys
killed and threatened peaceful indians
the major objective of the tea act of 1773 was to:
bail out the East india company
which is true about the boston tea party
americans destroyed a large amount of property
the purpose of the coercive act was to
punish boston for the tea party
who participated in the boycott of british goods in colonial america
ordinary men and women
in april 1775, the british marched to concord, massachusetts, in an effort to:
seize a stockpile of weapons
which is NOT a reason that george washington was chosen as commander-in-chief of the continental army
-he was from virginia
-he had military experience
-he made himself available
-he looked like a military leader
thomas paines's pamphlet, common sense
made a powerful case for independence
the continental congress passed the resolution "that these united states colonies are, and of the right out to be, free and independent states"
after more than a year of war against the british
all of the following are true of thomas jefferson except
-it took many ideas from george mason and john locke
-it was revised by other members of the congress
-it was meant as a statement of american principle and grievance
-it spoke of certain "unalianable rights"
EXCEPT it secured the independence
thomas paines the american crisis
bolstered american morale
on christmas night 1776, washingtons crossed the deleware to defeat the
washington soon learned that the best hope of beating the british was
a long war of attrion
the state militia units
oftem seemed to appear at crucial moments and then evaporate
which of the following provided most of the money raised by the continental congress for the revolution
new issues of paper money
in 1775, washington dealt with the threat of smallpxs to his army by
ordering a mass inoculation
the american victory at saratoga resulted in
france's entry on the american side
on the western frontier, indian tribes such as the mohawks, shawnees and cherokees
supported the british
the british shifted their military effort to the south
to utilize the strengths of local tories
the american victory at yorktown would have been impossible without
french assistance
the news of yorktown inspired the british to
the end of the war
at the time of the revolution,a republican form of government
was considered a radical idea
under the articles of confederation, congress
combined legislative and executive power
which of the following was NOT a power of the national government under the articles of the confederation
the right to levy taxes on trade and commece
the revolution did all of the following except
-foster a spirit of social equality
-lower property requirements for the vote
-encourage greater participation in politics
-establish american independence
EXCEPT limit opportunties to acquire land in the west
during the period of the revolution, a slave might gain his freedom
-if he served in the american army
-if he joined the british
-if it were granted by his master
-if he successfully ran away
the celebration of ___ soon became rhe most popular public ritual in the united states
independence day
unlike, the mayas and the aztecs, indians living north of mexico practiced no agriculture
england's glorious age of discovery came during the reign of henry VII
many of the new worlds early explorers were looking for a shorter and sfer route to the orient
christopher columbus had to convince his sponsors that the earth is round
the new world was named for the italian explorer amerigo vespucci
the introduction of the indian foods uch as corn and potatoes spurred a dramatic increase in europe's population
ferdinand megellan's ship was the first to sail around the work
the presence of horses greatly disputed the ecology of the great plains
calvisim stressed toerlance and liberal theology rather than a strict moral code
those who wanted to purify the church of england were called puritans
as a result of the "glorious revolution" england abolished the monarchy and became a republic
the first blacks in british america were brought to virginia
by the mid-1670's, many of virginia's free white adult males owned no land
due to its harsh winters, new englands death rate was higher than maryland or virginia
after being banished from massachusetts, roger williams found rhode island
the indian wars of the mid-1670's cost proportionately more casualties than any other american war
new amsterdam was the most ethnically diverse of the american colonies
british immigrants to america tended to retain much of their british cultures
when british settlers reached the new world, the entered a pristine environment little changed by human intervententions
people in the american colonies generally married at a younger age than those in britian
by 1700, rice and indigo were virginias most important export crop
by 1750, new england had as many slaves as virginia
new englanders, more than southerners, turned to the sea for their livelihood
nearly one-third of americans colonist lived in cities at the end of the 17th century
the colonies of virginia and maryland were the chesapeake colonies
christopher columbus sailed in the service of
what was the first permanent english colony in america
puritians who founded massachusetts bay colony in 1630 were
roman catholics who wanted to purify the church of england
which of the following colonies was established as a haven for roman catholics
scholars believe the paleo-indians migrated from asia into north america
in pursit of large animal
thousand of years after people first appeared un north america
climate changes and extensive hunting had killed off the large mammal population
the city of tenochtitlan was founded in 1325 by the
which of the following is not considered a characterize of the mississippi indian culture
cliff dwellings and widespread use of irrigation
at the time europeans arrived in north america, indians:
tended to worship spirits in their natural surrounding
the importance of the vikings in the new world history is limited because
their newfoundland settlements were not long-lasting
navigation in the age of discovery was hampered by the inability to accurately determine
a central element of john calvins theology was his belief in
the protestant reformation in england
occured mored for political reasons than because of disagreements about religious doctrine
a major reason for defeat of the spainsh armada
storms in north sea
the english attempt to establish a colony on roanoke island resulted in
the disapperance of the colonist
which of these is true of the english society by the early 1600's
there was a growing population of beegars and vegabonds
the glorious revolution of 1688
increased the power of the parliament
the stockholders who invested in virginia company were motivated primarily by
financial profit
the british colonies differed from the spanish in all of the following except
-they experienced less centralized control
-they were developed with private investment funds rather than royal money
-they were in a more compact geographical area
-they encountered no indian empires like the aztecs or incas
NOT they were able to establish settlements which still exist today
as jamestown's leader, captain john smith
made the colonies work in order to eat
the jamestown colony finally attained a measure of prosperity from
all of the following are true of the piligrims except that that they
-est the plymouth colony
-based their initial colonial government on the mayflower compact
-were separatists who had abandoned the church of england
-originally fled to houston
NOT were a sect of radical catholics
mayflower compact:
provided the orginal government for the plymouth colony
puritans viered the indian belief in nature filled with spirit as
during the oliver cromwell's rule, defeated english royalist would most likely seek refudge in
in the southeast, the profitability of indian captives prompted a frenzy of
slaving activity
all of the following are true about the english quakers except that they:
-were pacifists
-refused to take oaths
-sufered great persectution
-encountered wililam penn amon their number
NOT followed charismatic preachers
NOT true of georgia
-it was the last colonies to be established
-it was to serve as a millitary buffer against spainsh florida
-james oglethorpe led the initial settlers
-first permanent settlement in savannah
NOT it succeeded in keeping out slavery
by the eary 18th century, the english colonies in north america
were the most populous and prosperous on the continent
colonist arriving in the new world found that indians
regularly burned forests to promote new growth
english farm animals allowed to roam free
devastated indian land and cornfiels
benjamin franklin believed a major reason for colonial population growth was
an abundance of cheap land
in the 1st century of colonization, morality rates among settlers were highest in which regions
the south
throughout the colonies, husbands expected their wives
submission to authority
the economy of the couthern colonies centered on which fundamental fact
land was plentiful and laborers were scare
the indentured servants who came to colonies
usually worked for to seven years to pay off their debt
of all the slaves brought to the new world from africa, how many came to the colonies of british north america
about five percent
Middle passage:
the transportation of slaves in the west indies
by 1750, the small percentage of slaves lived in:
new englnad
which church dominated the chesapeake region by 1700
which is not one of the middle colonies
"half-way covenant" adopted in 1662 was a puritan attempt to address the problem of
increasing materialism
the witch craze in salem started when
a slave named tituba cursed the village minister
by the 1700 the most democratic and important social institutions were:
the enlightment
encourage the idea that god was like a master clockmaker who planned the universe and set it in motion
puritans commitment to edcation is best explained by their
need to read scriptures
the great awakening developed in the reaction to the:
deism and skepticism associated with the enlightment
the religious revivals knons as the great awakening did all of the following except
-affect all 13 colonies
-split the number of churches
-feature traveling ministers
-emphasis on formal religions
NOT further promote enlightment thinking
the religious revivals known as the great awakening did all of the following
further promote enlightment thinking
jonathan edward's famous sermon "sinners in the hands of an angry god"
the gruesome reality of hell
one result of the great awakening was it spurred an increase in the number of
the phrase "critical period" refers to:
americans under the articles of confederation
which was one of the following gave the confederation government the most trouble
the northwest ordiance of 1787
banned slavery in the northwest
an ongoing source of american tension towards the british was
british forts along the canadian border
america contended with spain over
freedom to navigate the misssissippi
one serious economic problem under the articles of confederation was
the differing tariff policies of the state
in response to Shay's rebellinon, thomas jefferson:
said occasional revolt was necessary
the convention's most gifted political philosopher and man who emerged as its central figure was
james madison
the constitution addressed slavery by:
stating that african slave trade could not be banned before 1808
on the question of womens' rights, the proposed consitution:
said nothing
the founding fathers viewed the most "democratice" branch of the government as
the house of representative
the presidents powers were limited by all of the following EXCEPT
-he could not declare war
-congress could override his vetoes
-he could be impeached
-he could convicted and removed from office
NOT he would be chosen by popular vote
amendments to the constitution
would be proposed by a 2/3 voteof congress
most of the federalist essays were written by
alexander hamilton
the federalist argued that
the size and diversity of the large new country would make it impossible for any one faction to control the government
wanted a bill of right to protect individuals from new government
by 1790, america:
remained predominantly rural society
by 1790, the indians:
remained a powerful threat to western settlement
washington's secretary of state was
thomas jefferson
the bill of rights did all of the following except
-safeguard freedoms such as press,speech and assembly
-appease some inital critics of the consitution
-constitute the first ten amendments to the consitution
-protect againist "cruel and unusual" punishment
NOT settle all questions about federal versus state authority
in regards to religion, the consitution:
prevents congress from establishing an official religion
alexander hamilton's basic vision of america was to make it
a vibrant capitalist power
madison decided to support hamilton's debt proposals in return for an agreement to
relocate the nation capital southward
the party led by madison and jefferson that opposed hamilton was the:
thomas jefferson was all of the following EXCEPT
-an aristocrat from virginia
-skilled and educated in a wide range of subjects
-washingtons secretary of state
- an admirer of small farmers
NOT a staunch advocate of urbanization
the hamiltonians viewed deveopments in france by the early 1790's as:
radical and horrifying
jay's treaty:
infuriated republicans for its concession to the british
the attitude of the federalist towards western land sales was produced by their desires to
protect their political base in the east
the preferred crop of pioneers on the wilderness road was
the 1796 presidential election:
was the nations first partisan election
the political involved in partisan attacks on John Adams while he served as Adam's vice president was
thomas jefferson
the sedition act was aimed primarily at
republicans newspaper editors
the alien act of 1798:
was aimed especially at french and irish republican
just before he left office, adams
appointed john marshall chief justice
the election of 1800 did all of the following EXCEPT
-evevate jefferson to the presidency
-mark the first time an opposition party came to power
-show the emergence of a more democratic politics
-bring slaveholding republicans into power
NOT cause federalist rioting in the streets of the capital
between 1800 and 1840, the nation's most dramatice poulation expansion occured:
west of the appalachians
in the case of maybury v. madison, the supreme court
declared a federal law unconstitional
in the case of maybury v. madison, the supreme court chief justice who established the principle of judicial
john marshall
jefferson showed his commitment to limited government by:
cutting military spending
thomas jefferson believed that a large federal debt would:
mean high taxes and public corruption
the louisiana purchase was made possible by:
napoleon's disastrous setback in haiti
the louisiana purchase was a problem for jefferson because:
he believed that the constitution did not give authority to acquire new land
all of the following are true of the louisiana purchase was:
-it was jefferson's greatest achievement as president
-the US acquired an immensity of new territory
-it was easily apporved by the senate
-it soon led to further territorial acquisition
NOT it was clearly constitutional
lewis and clarks's expedition
gave the US a claim to oregon
the 1804 presidential election resulted in
jefferson's landslide reeelection
to avoid the problems associated with political parties running multiple candidates for the presidency, congress:
passed the 12th amendment providing that the electors use seperate ballots to vote for a president and a vice president
aaron burrs treason trial featured
john marshalls insistence upon a rigid definition of treason
western settlers and politicians believed war with britian might enable
conquest of canada
the most notable aspects of the british aasault upon baltimore was:
its inspiration for the eventual national anthem
the war of 1812:
generated intense patriotic pride
the united states experienced a period of economic prosperity in the years after the war of 1812
the bank of the united states quickly ended the panic of 1819 by making credit more easily available
support for the taiff of 1816 came primarily from the south
the national road was a good example of an internal improvements,because it was financed by the federal government
james monroe was the first president from the new york
the "era of good feelings" was marked by peace and prosperity
the second bank of united states was chartered in 1826
langdon cheves was president of the second bank of united states
as a territory, missouri had not allowed slavery
the missouri compromise was almost undone when missouri put into its constitution a provision excluding free blacks and mulattoes
the monroe doctrine was part of president monroes's annual message to congress
the monroes doctrine's effectiveness in preventing the restoration of spain;s colonies depended upon british naval supremacy
four presidential canidates recieved electoral votes in 1824
john Quincy adams displayed superb poltical skills during his term as president
during the 1820's the tariff level generally declined
jacksonians believed in equality of opportuntity rather than equality of result
martin van buren was a native of north carolina and had served two terms as that state's govenor
john c calhoun was born in south carolina
the tariff of 1828 was also known as the " tariff of abomination"
in the midst of the nullification crisis, john c. calhoun resigned as vice president
henry clay was andrew jackson's second vice president
president jackson's response to nullification crisis was to ask congress to raise the taridd
osceola led the sminole resistance to their removal from their land
the cherokee indians were forced westwards on the route that came to be known as the trail of tears
the distribution act provided for each veteral of the war of 1812 to recieve 360 acres of land in the west
during jackson's presidency, the national debt grew smaller until it was paid off entirely in 1835
most whigs were states' right advocates
martin van buren opposed the establishment of an independent treasury
the whig presidential candidate in 1840, william henry harrison, was born in a log cabin
jacksonian democracy involved the extension of voting righ to blacks, indians, and women
as late as 1860, 3/4 of the american people lived within twenty-five miles of the atlantic oceans
eli whitney invented the cotton gin on a plantation in georgia
before 1845, steamboats were used more for transportation on the ocean than on internal waterways
by the 1850's, trains traveled an average of forty miles an hour
the united states has caught up with britian's textile production by 1815
one average of new england for manufacturing was a river system that provided power and transportation
church attendance and temperance were enforced among early workers at lowell
theater-goers in the antebellum period often hurled insults and objects at performers
the gratest proportionate influx of immigrants in the history of the united states came in the 1820s
because they too had suffered descrimination, irish immigrants tended to be sympathetic to blacks
irish immigrants to the united states tended to join the republican party
most of the growth of the catholic church in america in the mid-nineteenth century can be attributed to immigrations from ireland
chinese immigrants to the united states often did the heavy work of construction
the american party was based on nativism
despite the rhetoric of the era, the jacksonian period was actually marked by rising econmic and social inequality
ironically, thomas jefferson's embargo in 1807:
led to a significant increase in american manufacturing
following the expiration of the first bank of the united states in 1811, state banks,:
issued an excess of paper money
the tariff of 1816 was intended to do all of the following EXCEPT
-raise revenue
-protect american industry
-tax imprtts
-promote economic independence
NOT lower the price of british goods
in the first half of the 19th century internal improvements
was supported by the people in the west
the chief advocate for the program for economic development called the american system was:
henry clay
the american system included support for all the following policies EXCEPT
-high tariffs
-a national bank
-internal improvement
-high prices for western land
NOT free public schools
the monroe doctrine
depended upon british naval power for enforcement
andrew jackson:
was elected to the US senate from tennesseee in 1823
the "corrupt bargain" in the election of 1824 referred to:
the belief clay supported adams in return for becoming secretary of state
one of john quincy adams's major short coming as president was his lack of :
political skills
as president, which of the following did adams NOT propose
-to support internal improvements
-to create a department of the interior
-to establish a national university
-to promote science
NOT to create a national bank
the 1828 presidential campaign was dominated by:
vicious personal attacks
one of jackson's greatest personal vulnerabilities in the 1828 campaign was
the scandal surrounding his marriage
by the 1820's the right to vote had generally been extended to
adult white males
in this new political era, jackson had a tremendous advantage because of his
rise from common orgins
all of the following characterized the united states by the time of andrew jackson's election EXCEPT
-dramatic population growth, especially in urban areas
-increasing production for a national rather than a local markey
-an increasing number of wage laborers toiling in factories
-greater regional specialization in term of production
NOT a dynamic econ absent of panic or depressions
before he became president ANdre jackson did:
-killed a man in a duel
-was a popular general
-fought the british in the revolution
-had experienced a powerful youth
andrew jackson's soldiers nicknamed him:
old hickory
the peggy eaton affair revealed:
the destructive gossip of washington's social scene
despite the fact that andrew jackson continually opposed federal aid to local projects, he did support:
interstate projects such as the national road
President jackson's policy toward indians could best be described as one of:
removal to lands west of the mississippi
the trail of tears resulted in:
the death of thousands of indians
in regards to banks and banking policy, Jackson
much preferred hard money to paper currency
Jackson viewed the bank of united states as:
a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few
by the 1832 election, the Jacksonians had become known as the:
As a result of Jackson's bank polices:
banks printed new bank notes with abandon
the one thing that united all members of the new whig party was opposition to:
Andrew JAckson
Least likely to become whigs would be:
german and irish catholics
After the panic of 1837, working-class americans could expect all of the following EXCEPT:
-massive joblessness
-wage cut
-high price for food and clothes
-numerous bank failures
NOT government assistance
one undebatable fact about the jacksonian era is:
the dramatic increase in voter participation by 1840
the cotton gin:
made possible efficient seperation of seeds from fibers
the cotton gins invention:
made cotton a major export item
All of the following encouraged migration to the west EXCEPT:
-cheaper prices for federal land
-fertile soil
-advances in agricultural technology
-easy credit from state banls
NOT construction of numerous frontier forts
the settlement of the west was accelerated by Cyrus McCormick's invention of the:
mechanic reaper
Cyus McCormick's grain reapers:
were manufactured at his factory in Chicago
brought cheaper and faster two-way traffic to mississippi valley
the erie canal did all of the following EXCEPT:
-stretch from albany to buffalo
-dramatically reduce freight rates
-inspire more canal construction
-increase shipping through the port of NY
NOT bankrupt NY state with its huge cost
all of the following were true of the trains in use by the 1850's EXCEPT:
-they were much faster than stagecoaches and steamboats
-they spurred iron production
-they reduced transportation costd
-they encouraged further expansion of farming
NOT the could only operate in warm-weather months
the first american factories produced:
cotton textiles
one striking aspects of the lowell factories was:
their employment of young single women
By the early 1800's, the five largest american cities were all major:
by 1860,______ had become the largest city as its population surpassed one million
New York
Anti-Irish prejudice was especiall based upon
fear of catholic influence
the largest group of immigrants living in 1860 was
the various Workingmen's parties failed for all of the following except:
-major parties took over their issues
-labor politicians were inexperienced
-they were vulnerable to change of radicalism
-courts were often pro-managment
NOT most workers had no serious problems
Boston was the center of the liberal theology known as unitarianism
on the major denominations, baptists and methodists were among the least affected by the fronteir phase of the second great awakening
peter cartwright was president of oberlin college
mormon leader joseph smith was an advocate of "plural marriage"
margaret fuller edited the dial, a transcendaentalist journal
new england trancendentalist were partly influenced by asian religions
edgar allan poe based several of his novels on his experiences abroad an australian whaler
herman melville's greatest novels made him rich and and famous
horace mann was a notable promoter of public schools
the world teetortaler orginated with a temperance society's use of the lettter "T" to signify total abstinence
a major reform of the 1830's was the establishment of debtors' prison
because of the cult of domesticity, no profession was open to women
lucretia mott wrote a treatise on demostic economy
the women's right movement secured the vote for women in several state before 1860
the successful example of antebellum utopian communities converted many americans to socialism
william henry harrison died one month after his inauguration as president
john tyler favored henry clay's american system
there were more than 200 different indian tribes west of the mississippi river in 1840
the great plains were virtually devoid of a human presence until the spanish introduced the horse and gun
california rancheros often worked indians to death on their vast estates
indians seldom attacked wagon trains
the 1851 fort laramie treaty banned white settlers from the northern plains
members of the donner party engaged in cannibalism when stranded on their way to california
christopher "kit" carson was one of the most famous and knowledgeable of the mountaiin men
the united states annexed california during tyler's presidency
president andrew jackson wanted to purchase california primarily because of the gold discoveires
henry clay was the democrats presidential candidate in 1844
james k polk was known to supporters as "young hickory"
california's bear flag republic lasted about ten years
zachary taylor's decisive victory at the battle of buena vista led to an immediate mexican surrender
one of the most realistic depictions of the old south comes from the classic film Gone With The wind
the south staple crop tended to exhast the soil and lead to erosion
agricultural diversity in the old south was pratically nonexistent
econmically, the south was a sort of colonial dependency of the north
most white northerns were anti-racist abolitionists
A black overseer on a plantation was known as a driver
denmark vesey plotted a slave insurrection to charleston, south carolina
men on the southern fronteir tened to drink less alcohol than men in the eastern states
the american colonization society established the african nation of liberi a NEW HOME FOR free american blancks
william lloyd garrison published a militant-NTI-SLAVERY NEWSPaper called liberator
white abolitionists tended to favor the formation of seperate black-anti-slavery organization
federick douglas was a black abolitionist
JQA opposed the "gag rule" that stifled debate over slavery in congress
the northern states had little racial discrimination and segregation before civil war
after about 1830, southern intellectuals presented slavery as a postive good rather than as a necessary evil
included founding fathers such as jefferson and franklin
universalists believed that:
everyone can be saved
camp meetings and circuit riders appealed most to:
fronteir people
camp meetings often gave women an opportuntiy to :
be leaders outside the home
bringham young:
led mormons to utah
alll of the following are true of transcendentalists EXCEPT that they:
-were largely based in new england
-studied various eastern regions
-often disagreed with one another
-included males and female minsters and reformers
NOT rejected romanticism due to their intellectual faith in reason
in response to the mexican war, thoreau
refused to pay his poll tax
the poet walt whitman
disturbed some readers with his sexual themes
in 1840, american literacy rates:
were the highest in the western world
the temporance movement was movatied by all of the following except
-religous concerns
-the need for a sober industrial labor force
-the effect of alcoholism on females and families
-the desire of reformers to improve society
NOT binge-drinking among college students
prison reformers of the early 1800s saw a major objective of the penitentiary as:
most of the utopian communties of the early 19th centruy
quickly became failures
as president, william henry harrison:
died after one month in college
president tyler infuriated henry clay by vetoing his bill in support of
a new national bank
when editor john L. o'sullivan wrote of "manifest destiny," he meant that american westward expansion:
was sanctioned by god
spain began to settle california in 1760 to protect it from the encroachment of the
most of the american settlers in texas wnt the because of
cheap cotton land
the mexican ban on american immigration to texas:
was ineffective
in the 1820's , stephen F. Austin
encouraged thousands of anglos to settle in texas
at the battle of the almos
the mexicans won a costly victory
at the battle of san jacinto
santa anna was captured
sam houstons contribution to tecas independence was his
defeat of the mexican army at san jancinto
congress voted to annex texas
between polks election and his inauguration
the rebublic of texas
developed trade with britian and france
according to henry clay, annexation of texas:
was "dangerous to the integrity of the union"
the major factor that delayed texas annexation until 1845 was:
concern over texas entering as a slave state
future president james buchanan , head of the penn democrats, declared that marin van buren's stance againist annexing texas would:
cost him his party's nomination
in election of 1844:
liberty party votes in NY cost clay the white house
as president, polk supported all of the following EXCEPT
-acquistion of california
-tariff reduction
-restoration of the independent treasury
-settlement of the oregon boundary question
NOT internal improvement
polk ordered zachary taylot to move his troops to the rio grande to
provoke a mexican attack
early in the mexican war, polk grew most concerned over zachary taylor's
possible ambitions as a whig presidential candiate
the decisive victory in the war came with winfeild scott's capture of
cerro gordo
all of the following resulted from the treaty of guadalupe hidaglo EXCEPT
-the US gained Cali
-US paid $15 million
-mexico gave up all claims to texas
-US gained new mexico
NOT US troops continued to occupy mexico
which of the following about the mexican war is not TRUE
-it was america's first succesful offensive war
-it gave many future civil war generals valuable experience
-many more americans died of diseases than died in battle
-the fighting lasted less than two years
NOT it was one of the most unselfish wars in history
the mexican war contributed to all of the following EXCEPT
-the US becoming a continental nation
-combat experience for futue civil war generals
-the creation of department of the interior
-mexican loss of much of the territory
all southerners moved further west between 1820 and 1860
cotton production soared
the southern belief the that "cotton is king"
did not anticipate declining world demand for cotton
south white families owned slaves
if poor southern whites seemed lazy it likely because of:
dietary and diseases lke hookworm
how many slaves lived in the south in 1860?
4 million
free black in south
sometimes owned slaves
slave religion:
mixed african and christian elements
which of the following is NOT true of the american colonization society
-founded 1810s
-backed by many prominent politicians
-proposed to send blacks to africa
-it did not reduce the total number of slaves
american anti-slavery society split over the issue of
womens right
southerns used alll of the following to justify slavery EXCEPT
-claims of black racial inferiority
-biblical support of slavery
-fear of race war if slavery were abolished
-superior life africans enjoyed in the southern states
first shots
we the people
preamble of consitution
father of contution
james madison
in the war of 1812
fought britian
the missouri compromise
extension of slavery
common man
andrew jackson
president of confederacy
jefferson davis
bloodiest battle
april 185, surrender
at court house
impeatched during reconstruction
andrew johnson
wilmont proviso
prohbit slaves in any lands required from mexico
john c calhoun believed
violated the 5th amendment
popular soverignty
allowed people in the territory to decide of slavery
free soil party EXCEPT
cotton whigs
free soild party was indorced by
john c calhoun
won election of 1848
zachary taylor
late 1849, zachary taylor
immediate calif
wanted calif to come in because
bypass the desive issue of slavery in territory
president taylors death
strengthen chance for compromise
compromise of 1850
clay called for an end to sectional division
stephen douglad
douglas passed it easier than clay
he split the issues into seperate bills
compromise of 1850:
strength the fugitive state law
the new fugitve slave laws
outraged abolishinist
election of 1852:
produced Franklin peirce
stephen douglas proposed kansas-nebreska
might allow slavery
attempt in boston anthony burns to slavery
abolisihinst stormed jail
john brown and his fowllera
muredered pro-slavery
preston brooks canning of charles sumner
made him a hero of the south
winter of 1856 election
james buchannan
dred scott sued for his freedom
he lived in areas where slavery forbidden
chief jusitice for dred scotts
robert b taney
supreme court descion:
implied missouri compromise was unconsutuion
buchan supported:
dependent on southern congress man
panic of 1857
southern confidence of cotton
lincoln douglas debates:
bolsted lincoln presidential prospects in 1860
john brown raid
was to provoke slaves, made south parinoid
in his ignaturation lincoln said
union was internal
started ft smutner
descion resupply
robert e lee joined;
loyal to virginia
when the war started the south
defensive war
at the start of the civil war the north
edge 4:1 potential power
after fall of ft smutner
end with one sudden bold stroke
the first real batlle of bull run
in washingthon
fight between the montior and virgina
iron clade
civil war soldiers
sometimes drafted
anti draft rioters were:
african americans
legal opptions on both sides
hire a subsitute
fighting along kansas border
gurellia warfare
lincoln intially rejected emncipation
to keep border in union
54th mass regemnts
blacks fight
by the end of the war number of blacks
serving in the union 10%
depended on public faith in government
south food:
outrageously expensive
deal with disloyalty
suspended hebus corpus
1864 opponent:
jefferson davis most vocal opponets
state riders
in addition to the civil war death
great number of hoses
union commander grant:
relentlessly attack
grant put the confederates under seige
in north the civil war elevated power of:
bussiness leaders
during civil war congress passed
homestead act of 1862, which gave 162 acres
the south greatest montary loss
loss of slaves
after the war rumors swept the south X slaves would recieve:
40 acres and a mule
among many task freemen breau
set up schools
at the end of civil war newly freed slaves given:
medical and legal assitance
under lincoln plan for reconstruction
alligences 10% of voters of 1860
lincoln assination john wilkes boothe
proconfederate actor
state that had succeded and the nations goal was to return..made by
unionist in congress
dienied their seats
black codes inacted by southern legislators
tried to restore key elements in slavery
radical republican essential needed:
the right of X slaves to vote
johnson fully broke from congress when:
vetoed a bill to continue a feedmen breu
14th amendment
guarenteed legal protection to all citzens
gattensburg purchase
southern route transconntential route
republican oppoesed
john brown raid
won the the election of 1860 by
sweeping the free state
first state to secede
south carolina
in response to succession
did nothing
after fall of ft smutner
believed the war might be ended with one strike
at the first battle of bull run
thomas jackson earned his nick name
most of his efforts was aimed at
strong defensive group
greenback issued
depended on faith and government
battle of chasler
loss stonewall
grant was characteried by
relentlessly attack