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62 terms

AP English III-Rhetorical Devices Test

STUDY
PLAY
Rhetoric
the art of persuasion
Ethos
appeal based on speaker's qualifications
Logos
appeals to logic
Pathos
appeals to emotions
Diction
choice of words
Vivid imagery
big picture to persuade
Allusion (4 sources)
referring to something indirectly (Bible, mythology, literature, history)
Analogy
comparison of two or more things
Alliteration
same beginning consonant sounds
Assonance
same vowel sounds
Consonance
same consonants sounds
Anaphora
using the same phrase to begin sentences
Parallelism
grammatically equal
Connotation
feeling word implies
Denotation
dictionary meaning
Hyperbole
exaggeration
Understatement
saying less than what you mean
Inversion
not normal word order
Verbal irony
say opposite of what you mean (sarcasm)
Situational irony
expect one thing, but something else happens
Dramatic irony
audience knows something character doesn't
Juxtaposition
put two things next to each other to contrast them
Metaphor
stronger comparison without like or as
Extended metaphor
comparison continued over a piece of literature
Implied metaphor
do not directly state metaphor, but hint at it
Simile
using like or as, weakest form of comparison
Metonymy/synecdoche
use a part to represent a whole
Paradox
a contradictory statement on surface that makes sense when you think about it
Rhetorical question
do not require an answer because the answer is obvious
Syllogism
If A=B, and B=C, then A=C.
Tone
the way the speaker says something
Mood
the feeling you get
Pronoun usage
the use of pronouns to get someone on your side and against your enemies
Anadiplosis
use end of line as beginning of next line
Antithesis
put two contrasting sentences together with their ideas juxtaposed to make a point
Onomatopoeia
word that sounds like the sound it makes (bang, pop)
Archaism
using old words
Card stacking
overload your side with goodness and overload opponent's side with badness
Refutation
turn opponent's words against them
God is on our side
God is with you and against enemy
Repetition of thought or idea
continuously emphasizes a thought or idea
Exact repetition
saying something exactly the same
Rhyming
it rhymes!
Listing
list all of good points or all of bad points
Euphemism
using gentler way of presenting a harsher reality
Classical Mode
oldest and most common pattern
Introduction (exordium)
beginning the web
Narration (narratio)
narrate problem
Confirmation (confirmatio)
giving evidence
Refutation (refutatio)
gives opposing reasons and explains how wrong
Conclusion (peroratio)
summation, restate thesis
Narration
tell a story to get a point across
Description
go into detail to get point across (never whole thing)
Process Analysis
step-by-step process
Exemplification
using examples to prove point
Induction
start with examples to prove point, thesis at end
Deduction
take point (general statement), prove with examples
Comparison/Contrast
alike and different
Classification
classifying one topic, categories
Definition
defines a subject
Cause and Effect
causes and effects!
Rhetorical Triangle
also called the Aristotelian Triangle; three sides-speaker, subject, audience