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38 terms

Chapter 3 Migration

STUDY
PLAY
remittances
money migrants send home to their family
cyclic movement
invloves shorter periods away from home
periodic movement
involves longer periods away from home
migration
involves a degree of permanence and the other two do not
activity spaces
..., the space within which daily activity occurs
Nomadism
Movement among a definite set of places
Migrant labor
people who cross national borders for jobs. Example: periodic movement
Transhumance
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Military service
land tenure by service in the lord's army
International migration
Permanent movement from one country to another.
Immigration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
Internal migration
Permanent movement within a particular country.
Forced migration
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
Voluntary migration
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Laws of migration
CREATED BY ERNEST RAVENTSTEIN: 1)Every migration flow generates a return or countermigration. 2)The majority of migrants move a short distance. 3)Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose big-city destinations. 4)Urband residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas. 5)Families are less likely to make international moves than you adults.
Gravity model
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Push factors
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their home and migrate to a new location
Pull factors
a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
Distance decay
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Step migration
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Intervening opportunity
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
Deportation
the expulsion from a country of an undesirable alien
Kinship links
types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success
Chain migration
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Immigration wave
Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.
Explorers
a person examining a region that is unknown to them
Colonization
system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land
Regional scale
Interations occuring within a region, in a regional setting.
Islands of development
Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
Guest workers
legal immigrant who has work visa, usually short term
Refugees
people who flee their country because of persecution or danger
Internally displaced persons
groups and individuals who flee an area due to conflict or famine but still remain in their country of origin. These populations often live in refugee like conditions but are harder to assist because they typically do not qualify as refugees
Asylum
a shelter from danger or hardship
Repatriation
the act of returning to the country of origin
Genocide
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Immigration laws
laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state
Quotas
established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
Selective immigration
process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating