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money migrants send home to their family

cyclic movement

invloves shorter periods away from home

periodic movement

involves longer periods away from home


involves a degree of permanence and the other two do not

activity spaces

..., the space within which daily activity occurs


Movement among a definite set of places

Migrant labor

people who cross national borders for jobs. Example: periodic movement


The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.

Military service

land tenure by service in the lord's army

International migration

Permanent movement from one country to another.


migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)

Internal migration

Permanent movement within a particular country.

Forced migration

Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.

Voluntary migration

Permanent movement undertaken by choice.

Laws of migration

CREATED BY ERNEST RAVENTSTEIN: 1)Every migration flow generates a return or countermigration. 2)The majority of migrants move a short distance. 3)Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose big-city destinations. 4)Urband residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas. 5)Families are less likely to make international moves than you adults.

Gravity model

A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.

Push factors

negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their home and migrate to a new location

Pull factors

a factor that draws or attracts people to another location

Distance decay

The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.

Step migration

migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city

Intervening opportunity

The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.


the expulsion from a country of an undesirable alien

Kinship links

types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success

Chain migration

migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there

Immigration wave

Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.


a person examining a region that is unknown to them


system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land

Regional scale

Interations occuring within a region, in a regional setting.

Islands of development

Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure

Guest workers

legal immigrant who has work visa, usually short term


people who flee their country because of persecution or danger

Internally displaced persons

groups and individuals who flee an area due to conflict or famine but still remain in their country of origin. These populations often live in refugee like conditions but are harder to assist because they typically do not qualify as refugees


a shelter from danger or hardship


the act of returning to the country of origin


systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Immigration laws

laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state


established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year

Selective immigration

process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating

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