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20 terms

AP Human Geography UNIT ONE

Unit one vocabulary words (11 with sub-types and examples where applicable)
STUDY
PLAY
situation
location of a place on Earth relative to other places (good for unfamiliar places through reference to familiar ones)
site
physical characteristics of a place (ex. climate, water bodies, topography, soil, vegetation, elevation)
scale
relationship between a portion of Earth and the Earth as a whole (ex. 1:24000 means 1 unit of a map of a place on Earth relates to 24000 of the unit on the actual Earth)
vernacular region
region people create as part of their cultural identity (ex. American definition/perception of the South)
formal region
in it, everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region
area organized around a focal point (ex. Western Europe around Mediterranean; Mecca)
toponym
name of a place on Earth (ex. Sri Lanka)
possibilism
the physical environment can limit human activity but humans can change the environment
hearth
origin of an innovation or something new (ex. Renaissance began in Italy)
distance decay
the farther a group is from another, the less likely the two groups will interact (ex. closer Muslim and Christian populations in Africa experience more conflict)
cultural landscape (PEC Features)
cultural features of an area (for ex. language or religion), economic features (for ex. agriculture and industry), physical features (for ex. climate and vegetation)
cartography
map-making (There are the Goodes and Robinson's projections)
expansion diffusion
the snowball effect--a feature spreads by becoming greater/more numerous
diffusion
spread of something across space over time
region
area of the Earth with specific cultural and physical features
relocation diffusion
the spread of an idea by people's movement (moves from original location to a different one) (ex. African farming techniques came to America through slavery)
density
frequency that something occurs in an area
arithmetic density
total number of objects in an area (affected by land area)
physiological density
the number of persons per unit of area that can farm
agricultural density
number of farmers per unit of farm land