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12 terms

Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 section 3

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monomers
the small units.
polymers
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
carbohydrates
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually in a ratio of 1:2:1.
monosaccharides
single sugar molecules.
polysaccharides
the large macromolecules formed from monosacchar rides.
Lipid
a large and varied group of biological molecules that are generally not soluble in water.
nucleic acids
macromolocules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus.
nucleotides
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar; a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
deoxyribonucleic (DNA)
nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose.
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; need by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes.
amino acid
compound with an amino group (-NH2) on one end and a carboxyl group (-COOH) on the other end.