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Veale & Riley (Mirror Gazing)
Unpretty By TLC
Terms in this set (30)
What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?
A mental illness in which a person has symptoms of a medical illness, but these can't be explained by an actual physical disorder
People with BDD are preoccupied with an imagined _____defect that others often cannot see.
Name some of the most common areas of concern for BDD patients:
skin imperfections, hair, facial features, body weight
What is the exact cause of BDD?
It is not known
Read the following BDD symptoms:
Engaging in repetitive and time-consuming behaviors, such as mirror gazing, picking at the skin, and trying to hide or cover up the perceived defect
Constantly asking for reassurance that the defect is not visible or too obvious
Repeatedly measuring or touching the perceived defect
Experiencing problems at work or school, or in relationships due to the inability to stop focusing about the perceived defect
Feeling self-conscious, not wanting to go out in public, feeling anxious when around other people
Repeatedly consulting with medical specialists, such as plastic surgeons or dermatologists, to find ways to improve his or her appearance
What is the aim of this study?
to better understand BDD so we can better define it and develop new strategies to treat it
Name the participant group
52 subjects with BDD (with mirror gazing as a problem) and 55 controls
The participants had to take a ______.
Mirror Gazing Questionnaire
How is this a matched pairs design?
The groups were matched on age and sex (the 55 controls and 52 participant with BDD)
How did this display self report?
took a mirror gazing questionnaire
What kind of things were asked n the questionnaire?
if they had a long session in front of the mirror (on most days)
How could you answer the questionnaire?
with 1 (strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree)
Results: long sessions
More BDD patients had a long session in front of the mirror each day
REsults: short sessions
87% BDD and 80% normal said they had one or more short sessions
Results: length of sessions
BDD patients used mirror far longer
no difference in the length of short sessions
REsults: frequency of sessions
BDD checked mirrors more frequently
BDD were more likely to use the mirror is they were feeling _____.
BDD patients did have some ____to their behavior: they were more likely to agree with the statements(2)
"Looking in a mirror so often and for so long distorts my judgment about how attractive I am"
"Every mirror I look in I see a different image"
Motivations to look in the mirror:
1. hoping to look different
2. A desire to know exactly how they look
3. reassurance that their efforts at camouflage have worked
4. belief that they will feel worse if they resist
BDD patients listed a range of abnormal behaviors while in front of the mirror.....
1. washing rituals
2. studying my eyes and hair to observe the effects of ageing and stress
3. pulling and squashing features to see how I would look with plastic surgery
4. making ugly faces to prove how ugly i am
For long sessions BDD patients were more likely to focus their attention on an ______. (this was not true for short sessions)
internal reflection or feeling
Was there a preference for natural light among BDD patients?
What were the types of mirrors used?
Short Sessions: shop windows
Long: a series of mirrors with different profiles (BDD) BDD patients also had a wider vriety of reflective surfaces listed
As a result of this study, _____ have been changed to help BDD patients to stop mirror gazing.
What type of study is this?
A lab study
Does this study raise any ethical concerns?
Data was collected from a___.
This was a ____pairs study.
How was the study matched?
on age and gender
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Rosenhan (Sane in Insane Places)
Thigpen & Cleckly ( Multiple Personalities)
Baron-Cohen & Wheelwright (Emphasizing & Systemizi…
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