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ecology vocabulary for populations and food webs.
A diagram showing all of the connected food chains in an ecosystem
Large variety of organisms
An organism that breaks down dead organisms
A diagram that shows how energy decreases as it travels through a food chain
A diagram showing how energy passes from one organism to the next in an ecosystem
An organism that eats both plants and animals
An organism that eats only other animals
An organism that eats only other plants
When two organisms fight over the same resource
All of the different populations of organisms in an area.
All of the living space on earth.
Living and nonliving things interacting in an area
All of the members of the same species in an area.
When two organisms push each other to evolve.
The organism that is hunted
The organism that hunts others for food.
A trait that helps an organism survive.
The scarcest resource that limits a populations size.
The largest population size an ecosystem can hold.
A type of relationship where one organism benefits while harming the other organism
A type of symbiosis where one species benefits and the other is not harmed.
A type of symbiosis where two organisms help each other.
A relationship where to species interact and one is benefitted.
Living part of the environment
Non living part of the environment
The study of how living things interact with nature.
Chemicals that living things can use to live and grow.
Any organism able to make its own food (aka Producer)
An organism that has to eat its food (aka consumer)
Used for organisms to do everything it needs to do to live
A type of sugar used by plants to store energy from the sun.
Third level consumer. Often top of the food chain
The 1st level consumer. Eats producers
Eats 1st level consumers. Often is a predator and a prey
4th level consumers. Food chains don't always go this far
An animal that eats other dead animals.
one individual living thing
Bright Colors to warn predators they are poisonous
When prey use poison or noxious chemicals to deter predators
When prey have armor or spikes to protect from predators.
Looking like a more dangerous organism
When a new ecosystem forms where there isnt one.