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22 terms

Color Vocabulary

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Accent color
an element of color variety. When an accent color is used next to other hues it heightens the effect of the other colors. Accents are generally used in small amounts and are different from the color they intend to heighten.
Arbitrary or Expressionistic Color
These are often chosen for their emotional impact rather than their relationship to typical or standard colors. For example an arbitrary color for a cow might be blue.
Analogous Hues
These are colors that lye directly next to each other on the color wheel and if three are used it creates an analogous color scheme.
Color Depth
This is a visual illusion that colors tend to advance and recede event though they are applied to the same surface. Warm light colors tend to move forward and cool or dark colors tend to recede.
Color Schemes
This is a planned group of hues generally combined to create a feeling through color.
Color Temperature
The temperature is the sensation that hues portray either a warm or cool feeling. On the color wheel red, yellow, and orange are considered warm while blue, green, and violet are considered to be cool colors. When creating spatial effects, warm colors advance and cool colors tent to recede.
Color Wheel
A circular two dimensional model showing color relationships to each other.
Complimentary Hues
These are colors that will lie opposite each other on the color wheel. When places side by side, they will intensify each other. When mixed they will dull each other and create a brown tone.
Hue
This is the common technical name for the chroma or color itself.
Intensity
The brightness of a hue. The most intense colors (fully saturated) are pure pigment colors and less intense colors (de-saturated) are created by adding black, white or grey to the pure pigment.
Local Color
This is the selection and placement of colors so that the objects depicted are the colors they are commonly thought to be. For example, local color for a cow might be brown, black or white.
Monochromatic Colors
This refers to a combination of colors based on the variation of one color. For example, if red is used in a design, it will be a monochromatic color scheme if only that red mixed with any combination of white, black or grey is added to create tints tones or shades of that red.
Neutral Colors
This is one of the most non-chromatic hues. Black, white and grey.
Primary Colors
These are colors that can theoretically be mixed to create all other ranges and values of Colors. These colors cannot be mixed from other colors.
Secondary Colors
These are colors made by mixing two primary colors together.
Shades
These are hues to which any amount of black has been added.
Simultaneous Contrast
This is an optical effect of adjacent hues on each other.
Tertiary (or Intermediate Colors)
These are hues created by mixing a primary with one of it's adjacent secondary colors. Blue green for example is made by mixing blue (primary) with green (secondary).
Tints
These are hues to which any amount of white has been added.
Tones
These are hues to which and amount of grey has been added.
Triadic Color Scheme
This is the use of three color equally spaced on the color wheel.
Value
This refers to the lightness of a color. Adding black or white to an original hue changes it's vale. When white is added, we can say the color has a higher value and when black is added, we say it has lower value.

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