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Chapter 12 Part 2
The concept of a gerrymander refers to
the drawing of legislative district boundary lines for the purpose of obtaining partisan of factional advantage
members of Congress are granted generous franking privileges that
permit them to mail letters to their constituents
the average senate office on Capitol Hill employs about
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is an
office that provides the content and current status of legislation under consideration
The General Accounting Office (GAO) is an
office which investigates executive agencies and makes policy recommendations
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is an
office which advises Congress on the anticipated effect on the economy of government expenditures
The "speech or debate" clause in Article 1, Section 6, of the Constitution, means that a number of Congress
may be immune from libel or slander if the speech is connected with official duties
Most of the actual work of legislating is
preformed by the committees and subcommittees within Congress
In the House of Representatives, the discharge petition is used to
force a bill from committee consideration
The Most important type of committees are the
Each member of the House will usually serve on
two standing committees
A conference committee is
a special committee convened to resolve differences between a House-passed bill and a Senate-Passed bill.
The rule of seniority specifies that members with longer terms of continuous service on a committee will
be given preference when committee chairpersons are selected
The foremost power holder in the house of representatives is the
Speaker of the house
The Majority leader of the house
fosters cohesion among party members
An important function fo the Majority Leader of the House is to
act as spokesperson for the majority party in the house
The House Majority Leader
maintains cohesion among party members and always a member of the non-dominant party.
The whips assist the party leaders by
passing information to and from members of Congress in accordance with the desires of the leadership of the party.
The President of the Senate is the
vice-president of the United States
The real leadership power in the Senate rests in the hands of the
Majority Leader of the Senate
The majority Leader and the Minority Leader in the Senate
act on liaison with the White house when the president is of their party.
The President Pro Tempore is
the temporary presiding officer of the Senate in the absence of the vice president.
According to the cue-taking model
congress members make their decision by checking to see how key colleagues intent to vote on a bill
Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her
A consequence of the North-South split among the Democrats in Congress has been the formation of
The Conservative Coalition
must originate in the House.
In order to become a law, all bill must be
approved by both houses and signed by a president
The Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 requires
the president to spend the funds that congress has appropriated
The executive branch begins preparing the budget
18 months prior to the beginning of a fiscal year