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The concept of a gerrymander refers to

the drawing of legislative district boundary lines for the purpose of obtaining partisan of factional advantage

members of Congress are granted generous franking privileges that

permit them to mail letters to their constituents

the average senate office on Capitol Hill employs about

30 people

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is an

office that provides the content and current status of legislation under consideration

The General Accounting Office (GAO) is an

office which investigates executive agencies and makes policy recommendations

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is an

office which advises Congress on the anticipated effect on the economy of government expenditures

The "speech or debate" clause in Article 1, Section 6, of the Constitution, means that a number of Congress

may be immune from libel or slander if the speech is connected with official duties

Most of the actual work of legislating is

preformed by the committees and subcommittees within Congress

In the House of Representatives, the discharge petition is used to

force a bill from committee consideration

The Most important type of committees are the

standing committees

Each member of the House will usually serve on

two standing committees

A conference committee is

a special committee convened to resolve differences between a House-passed bill and a Senate-Passed bill.

The rule of seniority specifies that members with longer terms of continuous service on a committee will

be given preference when committee chairpersons are selected

The foremost power holder in the house of representatives is the

Speaker of the house

The Majority leader of the house

fosters cohesion among party members

An important function fo the Majority Leader of the House is to

act as spokesperson for the majority party in the house

The House Majority Leader

maintains cohesion among party members and always a member of the non-dominant party.

The whips assist the party leaders by

passing information to and from members of Congress in accordance with the desires of the leadership of the party.

The President of the Senate is the

vice-president of the United States

The real leadership power in the Senate rests in the hands of the

Majority Leader of the Senate

The majority Leader and the Minority Leader in the Senate

act on liaison with the White house when the president is of their party.

The President Pro Tempore is

the temporary presiding officer of the Senate in the absence of the vice president.

According to the cue-taking model

congress members make their decision by checking to see how key colleagues intent to vote on a bill

Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her

party affiliation

A consequence of the North-South split among the Democrats in Congress has been the formation of

The Conservative Coalition

"Money balls"

must originate in the House.

In order to become a law, all bill must be

approved by both houses and signed by a president

The Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 requires

the president to spend the funds that congress has appropriated

The executive branch begins preparing the budget

18 months prior to the beginning of a fiscal year

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