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50 terms

Reflections Grade 5 Chapter 7

STUDY
PLAY
constitution
A written plan of government.
debtor
people who owed money; person put in prison for owing money
backcountry
frontier area; between Coastal Plain and Appalachian Mountains; beyond colonies; difficult to get to because of forest, hills & no roads
institutionalized
a part of life
planter - define, role/job
plantation owners;
ran the plantation, provided food & housing for those on plantation; performed a public service (working for the community)
overseer - define, role, lived
person hired by wealthy plantation owner to watch the field slaves; separate house near owners
indigo
blue dye that was used in clothmaking
interdependence
dependence on others for goods or services
broker
person who is paid to buy and sell for someone else
land use
way in which the land in a place is used
Maryland - founded by whom, when
- location
- city
Lord Baltimore, a Catholic, = Cecilius Calvert, 1632;
next to Chesapeake Bay & Potomac River
St. Mary's City (1st city)
George Calvert
Lord Baltimore; member of Virginia Company, asked for charter from Charles I; died before charter signed
Cecilius Calvert
son of George, new Lord Baltimore; owner of colony he named Maryland
Leonard Calvert
1st governor of Maryland; chosen by Cecilius Calvert
1633
1st colonist arrived in Maryland; most indentured servants
Slavery become legal because
need for workers grew in the colonies
How did laws make slavery institutionalized
laws made slavery legal & part of institution
Cash crops
made money for plantations
tobacco, rice, indigo
Plantation owners
"planters"
riches people in the Southern Colonies
Plantations - were like small villages
- 1st built where
contained houses, workshops, kitchens + on a large amount of land;
along rivers on coastal Plain;
How did most Southern colonists make their living
planted and harvested their own crops
Affects of plantation on life in southern Colonies
no schools because plantations far apart, need for slaves to run plantations, economy depended on plantations
Enslaved people preserved their culture by
singing African songs & telling stories about Africa
Slaves - types
- not allowed to
- slave children were
Field and house
speak out, leave their owners, vote
slaves
Field slaves duties
worked in fields, raised crops
House slaves duties
work in the planter's home, kitchen
Small farm owners
former indentured servants, poor, lived far from each other, did not own slaves
Anthony Johnson
former slave, in 1640's bought land in Virginia, became wealthy tobacco planter
Casor
slave owned by former slave Anthony Johnson
Fort Mose
first settlement in North America for free Africans; 1738 Spanish governor of Florida set up this town to protect St. Augustine from English attacks
Spanish Florida
slaves were allowed to be free here; free Africans started colonies here
Free Africans
some had escaped, some bought freedom
Seminole Indians
provided food, land & shelter to escaped slaves; given 1/3 of cops in payment
Black Seminoles
former slaves who dressed like Seminoles, spoke their language
First African arrived in Virginia
1619
Toleration Act
1649, passed by Maryland to allow religious freedom
Carolina - founded by whom, when
- location
- crops
grant from Charles II, 1633;
from Virginia to Spanish Florida
tobacco and corn
Lords Proprietors
8 English leaders who were given Carolina; wrote the constitution
Carolina constitution
1669; allowed free, male colonists to elect leaders & make some laws; king proprietors had most of the power
Carolinas split - when
- why
1712;
hard to govern such a large territory
South Carolina - crop
rice (Carolina Gold)
James Oglethorpe
wealthy English leader; sent debtors to settle area south of South Carolina; named colony Geogia
Georgia - founded when & why
- why named Georgia
1733; to keep control of area so wouldn't lose it to France or Spain;
in honor of King George II
the Piedmont
land between the coastal Plain and Appalachian Mountains; backcountry;
Great Wagon Road
trail used to get to backcountry that got widened enough for wagons after so much use
Indians of Southern Colonies
Cherokee, Creek, Powhatan
Chattawka
village of Tuscarora that North Carolina colonists destroyed to build New Bern
why did Tuscarora attack colonists settlements
wanted to frighten away colonists
Tuscarora War
1711, ended in 1713 with most of Indians killed, captured or enslaved
What effect did settlers have on Indians in Southern Colonies
pushed them out of their land; Indians were killed, captured or enslaved and finally moved further inland