The Odyssey Vocabulary
Terms in this set (36)
inspiring admiration or fear for being powerful or large Men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war; this fame has gone abroad to the sky's rim.
skill, slyness, craftiness, cunning Nobody, only guile, got you out of that cave alive.
having no interest or concern for Kyklopes have no muster and no meeting, no consultation or old tribal ways, but each one dwells in his own mountain cave dealing out rough justice to wife and child, indifferent to what the others do.
to avenge (verb)
to take revenge on behalf of someone else To avenge this act, Poseidon drove Odysseus wandering for ten long years, and only suffered him to land in Ithaca, 'alone, in evil case, to find troubles in his house.'
a sudden impulse; quick decision I would not let you go for fear of Zeus- you or your friends-unless I had a whim to.
filled with dismay; horrified or shocked We cried aloud, lifting our hands to Zeus, powerless, looking on at this, appalled; but Kyklops went on filling up his belly with manflesh and great gulps of whey, then lay down like a mast among his sheep.
heavy in a clumsy way; bulky The dexterous smith the tools already drew; His ponderous hammer and his anvil sound, ...
an opponent or enemy Far out, as far off shore as shouted words would carry, I sent a few back to the adversary: 'O Kyklops!
to disdain (verb)
refuse or reject 30 Then answer'd Irus, kindling with disdain.
troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances Sing in me, Muse, and through me tell the story of that man skilled in all ways of contending, the wanderer, harried for years on end, after he plundered the stronghold on the proud height of Troy.
seasoned by exposure to the weather Over the years, you know,
a man finds solace even in old sorrows, true, a man
who's weathered many blows and wandered many miles.
My own story?
an act of assembling; specifically : formal military inspection All ships' companies mustered alongside for the mid-day meal.
a pen or shelter for sheep There lay by a sheep-fold a great club of the Cyclops, a club of olive wood, yet green, which he had cut to carry with him when it should be seasoned.
amazing or wonderful : very impressive Then he picked up a rock much larger than the first, swung it aloft and hurled it with prodigious force.
food usable by people He took the chair left empty now by Hermes., where the divine Kalypso placed before him victuals and drink of men; then she sat down facing Odysseus, while her serving maids brought nectar and ambrosia to her side.
polite, respectful behavior
to poke, stirup and feed
foolish or stupid person 'You are a ninny, or else you come from the other end of nowhere, telling me, mind the gods! We Kyklopes care not a whistle for ...
to ask in a serious or emotional way We would entreat you, great Sir, have a care for the gods' courtesy; Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest.'
to kill quickly ...the blissful gods
that wise Odysseus shall return—home at last—
let us dispatch the guide and giant-killer Hermes
down to Ogygia Island, down to announce at once
to the nymph with lovely braids our fixed decree:
Odysseus journeys home—the exile must return!
Pair "another brace of men to make his breakfast"
a loud continued noice "There was a din of whistling as the cyclops
to shape by cutting with sharp tool
a large amount of something Now I chopped out a six foot section of this pole and set it down before my men, who scraped it; and when they had it smooth, I hewed again to make a stake with pointed end, I held this in the fire's heart and turned it, toughening it, then hid it, well back in the cavern, under one of the dung piles in profusion there.
different from each other Diverse their language is; Achaians some, And some indigenous are; Cydonians there, 220 Crest-shaking Dorians, and Pelasgians dwell.
very wise To this rough shout they made a sage reply: 'Ah well, if nobody has played you foul there in your lonely bed, we are no use in pain given by great Zeus.
a statement asserting the truth of something
towards or at the back part of a boat And when we had set the tackle in order fore and aft, we sat down, and let the wind and the helmsman keep her course.
Clumsy, stupid people
Giants, louts w/o law to bless them
a heavy hand tool with a steel cutting blade attached at right angles to a wooden handle, used for dressing timber ...Its crackling roots blazed and hissed- as a blacksmith plunges a glowing ax or adze in an ice-cold bath and the metal screeches steam and its temper hardens- that's the iron's strength- so the eye of the Cyclops sizzled round that stake."
take revenge for a perceived wrong ...Oh, if Odysseus might come again to his own country; soon would he and his son avenge the violence of these men!'
break — as in break an understanding or a break (gap) in a wall Now Kyklops, wheezing as the pain came on him, fumbled to wrench away the great doorstone and squatted in the breach with arms thrown wide for any silly beast or man who bolted- hoping somehow I might be such a fool.
a lack of respect — often suggesting distaste and an undeserved sense of superiority
...There is building beyond building, and the court of the house is cunningly wrought with a wall and battlements, and well-fenced are the folding doors; no man may hold it in disdain.
a young goat ...My company then spake and besought me first of all to take of the cheeses and to return, and afterwards to make haste and drive off the kids and lambs to the swift ships from out the pens, and to sail over the salt sea water.
A small wide sail ship "A lugger of twent oars"
hard, harsh or severe ...With conscious shame they hear the stern rebuke, Nor longer durst sustain the sovereign look.
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