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poetry terms

english poetry terms que 4/18
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poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
prosody
study of versification, meter, and the rhytmic sense of the poem
enjambment
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next; run-on line
end-stopped line
A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
tone
author's attitude
diction
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning ex: formal/colloquial, abstract/concret, literal/figurative
poetic diction
the use of specific types of words, phrases, or literary structures that are not common in contemporary speech or prose
dialect
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language); local language of dialect
colloquialism
a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing (y'all, ain't)
denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested; secondary meaning
literal language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
figurative language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
inversion
the reversal of the normal order of words
anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses (like parallelism)
trope
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity; comparison with out like or as
similie
comparison with like or as
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads', press, bottle, xerox)
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part (ex: i hear america singing, hands for laborers)
irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
apostrophe
address to an absent, dead, or imaginary person OR an inanimiate object
pathetic fallacy
The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.
assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words (sweat dreams)
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words (middle/muddle)
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem
historical rhymes
Words spelled the same and look alike but sound differently due to pronunciation changes over the years (ever/persever)
eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation
rime riche
The repetition of the consonant that preceeds as well as the one
that follows, the last stressed vowel; the resulting pair of words are pronounced
alike but have different meanings. (seen/scene)
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
accentual-syllabic
the meter units consist of a recurrent pattern of stresses in a recurrent number of syllables. The stress-and-syllable type has been the predominant meter of English poetry since the fourteenth century (chaucer)
meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
scansion
The process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line; uses specific visual symbols
numbering feet
number of units of metrical feet
iambic pantameter
unit of verse with 10 syllables per line, one unstressed, and one stressed
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
strophe
a stanza, or any less regular subdivision of a poem, such as a verse paragraph