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english poetry terms que 4/18


A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.


study of versification, meter, and the rhytmic sense of the poem


the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next; run-on line

end-stopped line

A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation


author's attitude


the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning ex: formal/colloquial, abstract/concret, literal/figurative

poetic diction

the use of specific types of words, phrases, or literary structures that are not common in contemporary speech or prose


the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people


the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language); local language of dialect


a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing (y'all, ain't)


The dictionary definition of a word


an idea that is implied or suggested; secondary meaning

literal language

A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.

figurative language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.


the reversal of the normal order of words


repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses (like parallelism)


language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense


language that appeals to the senses


a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity; comparison with out like or as


comparison with like or as


substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads', press, bottle, xerox)


a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part (ex: i hear america singing, hands for laborers)


the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens


the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.


address to an absent, dead, or imaginary person OR an inanimiate object

pathetic fallacy

The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.


the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words (sweat dreams)


the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words (middle/muddle)


repetition of initial consonant sounds


correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

rhyme scheme

the pattern of end rhymes in a poem

historical rhymes

Words spelled the same and look alike but sound differently due to pronunciation changes over the years (ever/persever)

eye rhyme

rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation

rime riche

The repetition of the consonant that preceeds as well as the one
that follows, the last stressed vowel; the resulting pair of words are pronounced
alike but have different meanings. (seen/scene)


the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry


the meter units consist of a recurrent pattern of stresses in a recurrent number of syllables. The stress-and-syllable type has been the predominant meter of English poetry since the fourteenth century (chaucer)


rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time


The process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line; uses specific visual symbols

numbering feet

number of units of metrical feet

iambic pantameter

unit of verse with 10 syllables per line, one unstressed, and one stressed

blank verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

free verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern


a group of lines in a poem


a stanza, or any less regular subdivision of a poem, such as a verse paragraph

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