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All Religion Terms
Terms in this set (48)
List and explain the three characteristics of human rights.
Human rights are inherent (don't need to be earned because they are part of our nature), inalienable (cannot be erased), inviolable (they should not be violated)
Discuss the relationship between human rights and war.
The violation of human rights leads to conflict and war, and war leads to the violation of human rights.
Choose three human rights and discuss the responsibility to use each one for good.
The right to freedom of speech and the press means that you should use them wisely, not defaming or spreading lies about others, and to not spread secrets that could potentially lead to someone's harm, but instead tell the truth and use common sense
The right to life means that you should live your life as best you can, to not deprive others of life, and to live a healthy lifestyle as responsibilities
The right to participate in governance means that you should be informed in participating, by voting for who you think is the best candidate (and not voting for someone as a joke)
Discuss the limits of human rights and give three examples of how a person might go beyond these limits.
You are free to exercise your rights as far as you like until they violate another person's rights
Misusing right to free speech by shouting fire in a crowded room, which violates others' rights to bodily integrity
Misusing right to immigrate by not following the country's laws and attacking that country's citizens which violates their rights to bodily integrity and to live
Misusing right to good name by withholding personally damaging information that by withholding may endanger others which violates their rights to be correctly informed about events and bodily integrity
Misusing right to religion by using that religion as an excuse for doing bad things and violating others' rights
Discuss the third responsibility that comes with human rights, besides using them for good and not going beyond their limits.
To protect the rights of every member of our society, most especially those who cannot protect their own rights
Summarize the Preferential Option for the Poor and Vulnerable.
To take care and support the rights of the poor and vulnerable, as they generally cannot or barely do so themselves, they are certain members of society who are not capable of defending their own rights or even caring for themselves, they should be given priority and legal protection
What does Jesus say in Matthew 25 about the poor and vulnerable? List the six groups of people he specifically mentions in this passage.
"Whatever you did for one of the least of my brothers, you did for me"
Hungry, thirsty, naked, prisoners, sick, foreigners
List five groups of people that might be considered vulnerable today and discuss how we give them preferential treatment in our society.
Homeless - food banks and shelters
Blind - the crosswalk sound
Disabled - special parking spots and elevators and wheelchair ramps
Veterans - honoring their service, healthcare
Elderly - nursing homes, transportation
We give them preferential treatment by giving them legal protection and creating groups and charities for them.
Discuss one reason that the issue of homelessness in the US is so complicated.
Some homeless are drug/alcohol addicts, so giving them money would fuel their addiction instead of their using the money wisely for food and clothing. People obviously would not want to fuel a drug addiction, so they are hesitant about giving money to homeless people. Homeless people will embroider their stories too, lying in order to gain sympathy and therefore money.
Explain the literal meaning of the word "advent" and the three ways in which it applies to Jesus Christ.
Advent means "to come towards"; in the present tense, right now in our hearts; in the past, when he came as a baby; in the future at the end of Time with the Second Coming
Discuss the source from which our Human Dignity flows.
From our being created in the image and likeness of God
List the three most important characteristics of Human Dignity.
Humans are immeasurably valuable, human worth is incomparable, human dignity is inherent
List three examples of legally sanctioned behaviors that violate Human Dignity.
Abortion, euthanasia, death penalty
Explain why humans can only reach their full potential in a Community.
Humans are like God, who is a perfect communion of 3 persons, and humans have a natural capacity to form communities just like God, so humans can only reach their full potential in a community
Discuss an analogy that illustrates the relationship between the Family and the Human Community.
Families are the building blocks of society, they are the most basic form of community.
Discuss the spiritual significance of the Family.
Families are the building blocks of communities, and communities help humans reach their full potential as being created in the image of God. The relationship between the husband, wife, and child is like the relationship between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Discuss the value of the Family in terms of Socialization Skills. Give some examples to illustrate.
We learn socialization skills in the context of family. Ex., communication skills, manners, worldviews
Discuss the Autonomy of the Families in relation to Society as a whole.
Because family teaches one socialization skills, society must protect the institution of family, and parents must be free to act autonomously. Any laws that inhibit the autonomy of families to an unreasonable extent are unjust.
Discuss the value of individual Participation in the governance of society. Give some examples to illustrate.
Every human has the right and responsibility to participate in government, because they matter and so their voice matters. Ex., voting, campaigning, community service, paying taxes
Discuss the responsibilities of a proper Government.
To establish the common good, to ensure physical safety and security from dangers inside and outside of society and protection of rights for every person
Discuss the origin of Governmental Authority.
From the people and from God, and a truly legitimate government must recognize that they are servants of the people and stewards of God
Giving a person what is due to them
Discuss the 4 types of Justice and give an example of each
Contractual Justice; pertains to exchange of goods and services; paying for cookies
Legal justice; pertains to the relationship between a citizen and their government; protection of rights
Distributive Justice; pertains to the proper distribution of God given goods to individual members of society; food
Social justice; pertains to an individual's right to participate in society, if someone is excluded, that makes them less effective human beings; genocide
In what two sources of knowledge does the Church find the Principles of a Just Society?
Scripture and Human Reason
What four groups of people does God consistently show compassion for in the Old Testament books of the Law and the Prophets? Why?
Widows, orphans, foreigners, and the poor, because they were worst off, had few rights, and could not own a piece of the Holy Land
Discuss the 3 ideas in Jesus' Foundational Teaching
("Repent, for the Kingdom of God is at hand!")
Repent means to rethink, for the people to rethink who they are as individuals
Kingdom of God refers to the reign of God here on earth (as it is in heaven)
At hand refers to being in the person of Jesus Christ
Discuss the historical context in which the Church begins to make its Social Teaching more explicit
(The Industrial Revolution happened and with that society vastly changed, with socialism and unbridled capitalism popping up, both of which are unjust.)
Discuss the two major social concerns that Pope Leo XIII addresses in Rerum Novarum.
Socialism (/Marxism/Communism) and unbridled capitalism (are problematic and unjust, as the former doesn't allow individuals to freedom to choose how to use or invest their property/wealth and innovate, and the latter allows for the undue exploitation of workers.)
Discuss two new characteristics of the Church's Social Teaching from 1961 to today.
The frequency of the letters on the Church's social teaching increased, and they address a more global society.
Discuss the nature (what it is) and origin (where it comes from) of Human Dignity.
We receive our dignity from being made in the image and likeness of God, so it is part of our human nature and it can't be lost. Dignity distinguishes us from all other creatures.
Discuss the relationship between the Human Body and Soul.
Humans are both body and soul. The body is the material manifestation of the soul. Both are good and necessary to human existence.
Name and discuss the two capacities of the Human Soul.
Intellect, which is the capacity to seek truth, and Will, which is the capacity to do good
Define Truth and Goodness.
Truth - the objective answer to every question
Goodness - following objective moral norms
Discuss the Social Nature of humans.
We are social because since we are made like God, we have a capacity for relationships involving love. We are the most Godlike we can possibly be when we love.
Define Human Society.
A group of people bound together naturally, with bonds visible and spiritual, enduring through time, allowing every member to develop their potential for the exchange of service and dialogue
Explain sin and why only humans are capable of committing sin.
Sin is acting against Truth/Good, only humans are capable of committing sin because we have morality (intellect and will), which animals do not, and we are capable of distinguishing good from bad
List the three ways that sin can be considered Social and give an example of each.
Man hurts himself in sin and the process hurts others around him, example; drug abuse
Man hurts another person, example; murder
Man with friends hurts others, example; abortion
Based on our class discussion of what it means to be Christian, list one thing that is exclusively Christian and two things that are essentially Christian.
Exclusive: believing in God and accepting Jesus as Lord and savior
Essential: Treat others the way we want to be treated, have a desire to grow in faith
Based on our class discussion of why it is so difficult to believe in Jesus, list three reasons why it is so difficult to believe in Jesus.
Because of all the temptations offered, especially the easier path
God is incomprehensible to our finite human minds
Difficult questions like why does evil exist in the world
Discuss the problem that the Rich Young Man in Matthew 19 experiences when he meets Jesus.
The man wants to follow Jesus, but in saying to Jesus that he has been following the Commandments to the letter, he sounds rather presumptuous. Jesus takes him down a peg by telling him that if he wanted to be perfect, then he should give away all his possessions and then come follow Jesus. The man is sad because he had many possessions, and so left.
In Matthew 5:48, Jesus tells us to be perfect as our Father in heaven is perfect. Is Jesus intentionally setting us up for failure? Explain your answer.
No, because even though he is raising a bar to an impossible level, he died for us through which he gained the grace to help lift us up over the bar.
He gives us grace so that we can accomplish the impossible task, but we have to ask for it
Explain the Universal Call to Holiness.
Everyone is called by God to be as holy as God. This is not just for priests and consecrated, it is also for laypeople. As Leviticus 20:26 says - "To me, therefore, you shall be holy, for I, the Lord, am holy, and I have set you apart from other peoples to be my own."
Explain what it means to be Holy.
Something is holy because it is related to God and is set apart from other things like sin and temptation for Godly purpose
Discuss the significance of Isaiah's vision of heaven in Isaiah 6.
In order to enter into the presence of the One Holy God, we too must be holy
Everyone in heaven is a holy person or saint
We have to make arrangements with Jesus so that we can be holy
It shows the wonder and glory of God, and that even though Isaiah felt himself unworthy to see Heaven, he was made pure by the seraphim. He was given the chance to be made worthy of Heaven because of Jesus' grace. When we die and go to Heaven, we are unworthy of it, but if we give him a chance, we are given the grace to be worthy of Heaven.
Define the word Saint and explain what a Canonized Saint is.
A saint is a holy person, one who has reached Heaven, and a canonized saint is a person who has been formally confirmed by the Church to be in Heaven
List six specific ways that we can open ourselves up to receive God's grace.
Love, receiving the sacraments, prayer, service to others, moral living, spiritual maturity
Explain why Saint Benedict recommended that monks (and all Christians, for that matter) should diligently cultivate silence.
By intentionally creating moments of silence we are allowing Jesus to speak to us. The fruit of that silence is a relationship with God.
What was the last thing Jesus said to the woman caught in adultery?
Go, woman, and sin no more.
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